Click here for all the Project Site Map and Links

The PeaceHavens Project

Copyright 2020 © Ged Dodd

 aka PeaceHavens Project

 Click here for the terms
of free copy & share &
supporting your Project

https://www.facebook.com/groups/PeaceHavensProject/ ..

Russian Flax/Hemp Bale Seals from

Aberdeen Museum and District

(32 seals known to date with 0 seals awaiting translation as of 6th December 2019)

    About PeaceHavens - This database is an ongoing project involving the daily finding and identification of Russian Lead Flax Bale Seals from the disused 18th/19th century Flax Mills of the Industrial Revolution in the UK. For many decades in the 18th & 19th centuries, Russia was by far the world's greatest exporter of these flax stems via Archangel, St Petersburg, Kronstadt, Narva, Riga, Libau, Memel, Konigsberg, Pilau, Pernau, Revel, and Tilsit and Great Britain was Russia's major customer. Every bale of flax stems was fastened together with a lead seal by a quality control inspector. The discarded stems of the flax with seals still attached were prized as fertilizer by local farmers and were spread onto the land mixed with night soil manure... where they are being found today.

 

    ABERDEEN  Situated on the North Sea coast, between the Rivers Dee and Don, Aberdeen forms a natural port. Aberdeen's geography is reflected in the name: meaning “mouth of two rivers”. A weekly Sunday market had been established in 1222 and an annual fair in 1273. The local economy was based on fishing and the processing of wool and leather. Aberdonian merchants travelled to England and the Low Countries, trading fish, wool and hides for wines, spices and other luxuries; similarly, they sailed to the Baltic for flax, timber, iron and grain. In the 17th century (and perhaps earlier) Aberdeen was Scotland's second city. But while political power resided in the south, Aberdeen was the kingdom's economic dynamo. The catalyst for Aberdeen's development was the port. Aberdeen exported salted fish, hides and, by the 13th century, was Scotland's major exporter of wool to the continent. Making use of its status as a Royal Burgh, the city forged trading links with Germany and the Baltic, as well as becoming increasingly involved in trade around the British Isles and to the Scandinavian zones to the north, which at this time included the northern isles. By the 15th century, Aberdeen was Scotland's leading exporter of salmon. From about the 1850s, whaling became a major industry. Aberdonian whalers sailed as far as Greenland in search of these giants of the ocean until the practice was restricted by the 1946 Whaling Convention.

  Aberdeen was an early member of the Hanseatic League, along with such other northern-European seaports as Bruges, Lubeck, Danzig, Riga and Novgorod. Until the Union of the Crowns in 1603, England was more-or-less closed to Scotsmen. By the 18th century Aberdeen's industry was thriving. Paper, first made in Aberdeen in 1694, reached new heights of production. The woolens, linen and cotton industries gave employment to many Aberdonians. At the same time locally quarried granite began to be exported around the world. Flax-spinning, jute and comb making factories also rose to prominence in 18th century Aberdeen while the distillation of Whisky reached industrial proportions. Shipbuilding was another industry which employed many Aberdonians. However, the distance of the city from iron fields meant that when the industrial era started to grip Scotland, Aberdeen was not in a position to compete with cities such as Glasgow in central Scotland. After Glasgow industrialised, Aberdeen lost its position as Scotland's 2nd city. Nonetheless, many of those industries which developed in the 18th century, and before, still contribute a great deal to the local and national economy.

    Broadford's Flax Mill; Broadford Firehose And Canvas Works.   Opening in 1808, the Broadford Works became the longest running iron-frame mill in Scotland. The oldest iron-framed mill in Scotland and the fourth oldest known to survive in the world (after others of 1796, 1804 and 1805, all inter- related). The adjoining South Mill may be the third iron framed building in Scotland.  Built for Scott Brown and Co (of Angus), 1808, bankrupt 1811 and sold to Sir John Maberly MP, entrepreneur, speculator and introducer of jute to the UK. Maberley rapidly developed Broadford Works, adopting the first gas lighting of an industrial complex in Scotland, by Boulton and Watt in 1814-15, and Scotland's second power loom linen weaving factory in Scotland in 1824. Maberly was himself bankrupt and in 1834 the works passed to Richards and Co, who had a bleachworks at Rubislaw and branches at Montrose, produced canvas tarpaulins and as a particular specialism, fire hoses. (This fire hose technique was also adopted by the Bentham Mills in Yorkshire). Latterly man- made fibres for carpet yarn etc. has replaced flax.   Once Aberdeen’s single largest employer with more than 3,000 employees at the height of the 20th century, the building became an iconic city landmark. The factory was the last remaining textile mill in The Granite City before closing its doors in 2004. Of the 4 and 5 storey mills in the centre of the site, Old Mill (7 bays) 1808, South Mill (8 bays) circa 1820, New Mill (14 bays) 1850-60 there was a large group of textile manufacturing and storage buildings, granite and brick-clad, of iron-framed or reinforced concrete construction, with streets between them and Slate or flat concrete roofs. Broadford's Flax Mill. Broadford Firehose And Canvas Works had a Sundial dated 1692 on its rounded face and the letters 'WI' and 'LS' on its squared side. It was reportedly found at the site of Broadford's Flax Mill during demolition work in the first few years of this century. Much rebuilding work has been done in that area in the years 1901-1912 with a large house and garden being demolished during that period. The sundial is 0.6m high and 0.38m wide.

 Russian Lead Flax/Hemp Bale Seals from

Aberdeen Museum & District (ABDMS)

 

Number listing by Professor John Sullivan

 

 

With thanks

 

 

Inspectors and Posts

for Courthouse Museum

 

 

 Arlov.M.I     183?  59

 Dedonikov     183?  ??

 Gurov.AN      1813  52

 Kaverzin      1831  36

 Kisov.N       178?  10

 Kuchkov.Ya    1794  62

 La??ev        1832  57

 Lognov        1833  2?

 Nelyubov.?    1821   3

 Pyzhov.A      1833  75

 Rayabov       1827  ?0

 Ryabov.K      1831  50

 Sanin         1831   9

 Savostin      1833  84

 Shcherbakov.P 183?   8

 Shel'kov.T    1799  51

 Shilov.Ya     1831   5

 Shirovskoi.I  182?  85

 Sin???nov     ????  ??

 Vinokurov.T   1813  56

 Vorob'ev.D    1804  72

 Zhukov.T      1806  71

 ???pov.D      ????  ??

 

Posts / Inspectors / #
for Courthouse Museum

 

 ?0 Rayabov       ABD009

  3 ?.Nelyubov    ABD002

  5 Ya.Shilov     ABD001

  8 P.Shcherbakov ABD006

  9 Sanin         IDS1034

 10 N.Kisov       ABD004

 2? Lognov        ABD015

 36 Kaverzin      ABD008

 50 K.Ryabov      ABD014

 51 T.Shel'kov    IDA1847

 52 AN.Gurov      IDS1029

 57 La??ev        ABD007

 58 T.Vinokurov   IDS1030

 59 M.I.Arlov     ABD005

 62 Ya.Kuchkov    ABD013

 71 T.Zhukov      IDS902 

 72 D.Vorob'ev    IDS051

 75 A.Pyzhov      IDS1620

 84 Savostin      ABD003

 85 I.Shirovskoi  ABD016

 ?? D.???pov      IDS569

 ?? Dedonikov     ABD017

 ?? Sin???nov     ABD011

   

- - - - - - - - - - - - - -

How the seals got

into the fields

 

The discarded stalks of the flax

with a bale seal still attached

were highly prized as fertilizer

by local farmers and they were

 spread on to the land mixed

 in human & animal excrement.

 

 

 

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

 

 Dutch Customs House Tax Seals

 are a common find throughout

 the country and several have
been found in Aberdeen district.

The obverse has a Crowned Dutch

shield bearing the rampant lion of

Holland while the reverse has a

 number of the customs post and

 the letters R & A which means

Regten en Accynsen

(Customs and Excise).
 Some of these seals would be

associated with flax but they

were used for a variety of

of imported goods, hemp,

tallow, manure, linen goods.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

 

 

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

A Red Herring

Found in Aylesford, Maidstone.

It says Aberdeen, not Scotland,

 but rather the Aberdeen in Saskatchewan in Canada.

Obverse:- The crest is from the

 Arms of the Fishmongers Company which consists of two arms

supporting an imperial crown.

Reverse:- Aberdeen with the

date 26th August 1888.

A bag seal for fish, probably cod.

- - - - - - - - - - - - -

 

 

#

OBVERSE  click thumbnail

REVERSE click thumbnail

ABD
001

no photo

ПД = PD

?:НЕЛЮБОВ

(?.NELYUBOV)

H3

no photo

SPB

CHAH

1821

3

post

(hemp)

   ABD001  1 ABDMS: 072679

ABD
002

no photo

ЛД = LD

Я.ШИЛОВЪ

(Ya.SHILOV)

H5

no photo

СПБ
НоП.1
Н.Ш
1831

5
post
(flax)

   ABD002  2 ABDMS: 072680

ABD
003

no photo

ЛД = LD
САВО
СТИН
(SAVOSTIN)
H84

no photo

СПБ
НоП.2
А.И.Г
1833

84
post
(flax)

   ABD003  3 ABDMS: 072681

ABD
004

no photo

ПД = PD

Н.КИСОВЪ
(N.KISOV)
H10

no photo

SPB
-MRH
1821

10
post
(Rein hemp)

   ABD004  4 ABDMS: 072682

ABD
005

no photo

ЛД = LD

М.И.АРЛОВЪ

(M.I.ARLOV)

H59

no photo

СПБ
НоП.2
І.М.Б
183?

59
post
(flax)

   ABD005  5 ABDMS: 072683

ABD
006

no photo

ЛД = LD
П.ЩЕРБАКОВ
(P.SHCHERBAKOV)

H8

no photo

???
????
???
183?

8
post
(flax)

   ABD006  6 ABDMS:072684

ABD
007
no photo

ЛД = LD
ЛА??ЕВ
(LA??EB)
H57

no photo

SPB
NP.3
?.W
1832

57
post
(flax)

   ABD007  7 ABDMS: 072685

ABD
008

no photo

ДG = DG
КАВЕРЗИНЪ
(KAVERZIN)
H36

no photo

SPB
NP.1
I.H
1831

57
post
(flax)

  ABD008  8 ABDMS: 072686

ABD
009
no photo  ДG = DG
РАЯАБОВЪ
(RAYABOV)
H?0
no photo

NP
C?12H
1827

?0
post
(flax)

   ABD009  9 ABDMS: 072687

ABD
010

no photo

АРХ. БРА (Archangel Bracked)
ДЕСЯТЪ (
by inspector)
МАТВЕИ ВЕЛЕНСКОЙЪ
(MATVEI VELENSKOI)

no photo

  КУДEЛЬН  (Kudel'n)
1 СОРТЪ
 (1st SORT)
ЕП (EP)   1844   
(flax)

   ABD010  10 ABDMS: 072688

ABD
011
no photo ЛД = LD
СИН???НОВЪ
(SIN???NOV)
H??
no photo

unreadable

??
post
(flax)

   ABD011  11 ABDMS: 072689

ABD
012

no photo

АРХ. ПOР (Archangel Port)
ДЕСЯТH (inspector)
A
ЛEKCAHДPЪ РИГ????
(ALEKSANDR RIG???)

no photo

 КУДEЛЬН  (Kudel'n)

2 СОРТЪ  (2nd SORT)
ЕП (EP)   18??   
(flax)

   ABD012  12 ABDMS: 072690

ABD
013
no photo ЛД = LD
Я.КУЧКОВЪ
(Ya.KUCHKOV)
H62
no photo

NP
ИБ12H
1794

62
post
(flax)

   ABD013  13 ABDMS: 072691

ABD
014
no photo

ЛД = LD
К.ПЯБОВЪ
(K.RYABOV)
H50

no photo

СПБ
НоП.?
П.Ч
1831

50
post
(flax)

   ABD014  14 ABDMS:  072692

ABD
015
no photo

ЛД = LD
ЛОГНОВЪ
(LOGNOV)
H2?

no photo

SPB
NP.2
I.P
1833

2?
post
(flax)

   ABD015  15 ABDMS:  072693

ABD
016
no photo

ЛД = LD
И.ШИРОВСКОИ
(I.SHIROVSKOI)
H85

no photo

NP
?P12H
182?

85
post
(flax)

   ABD016  16 ABDMS:  072694

ABD
017
no photo

ЛД = LD
ДЕДOНИКО
(DEDONIKOV)
H??

no photo

SPB
NP.?
I.H
183?

??
post
(flax)

   ABD017  17 ABDMS:  072695

ABD
018
no photo

?? = ??
???O?X??
(???O?KH??)
??

no photo

unreadable

57
post
(flax)

   ABD018  18 ABDMS:  072696

ABD
019
no photo +
crossed keys
1
no photo blank Riga
(1st Grade flax)

   ABD019  19 ABDMS:   072697

ABD
020

no photo

+
crossed keys
1

no photo

blank

Riga
(1st Grade flax)

   ABD020  20 ABDMS:  072698

ABD
021

no photo

+
crossed keys
1

no photo

blank

Riga
(1st Grade flax)

   ABD021  21 ABDMS: 072699

ABD
022

no photo

Quartered Cross Shield

(unknown number of Pellets)

no photo

RB
12K

Baltic
States

   ABD022  22 ABDMS:  072700

ABD
023

no photo

Quartered Cross Shield

(unknown number of Pellets)

no photo

AR
12K

Baltic
States

   ABD023  23 ABDMS: 072701

           
 

#

OBVERSE  click thumbnail

REVERSE click thumbnail

IDS

51

ЛД = LD

Д.BOPOБЬEBЬ

(D.VOROB'EV)

H72

NP

CГ12H

1804

72

post
(flax)

  IDS 51 : Whigsvolt, Aberdeenshire

IDS

569

ПД = PD

Д.???ПOBЬ

(D.???POV)

H??

SPB

FWRH

1810

??

post

(hemp)

   IDS 569 : (Graham Pether) Aberdeen

IDS
902

ЛД = LD

T.ЖУKOBЬ

(T.ZHUKOV)

H71

NP

IH12H

1806

71

post
(flax)

   IDS 902 : (Shona Pickering) Benholm, Aberdeenshire

IDS

1029

ЛД = LD

АН.ГУРОВЪ

(AN.GUROV)

H52

NP

OP12Н

1813

52

post
(flax)

   IDS 1029 : (Mariusz Owsiak) Aberdeenshire

IDS

1030

ЛД = LD

Т.ВИНОКУРОВ

(T.VINOKUROV)

H58

NP

АГ12Н

1813

58

post
(flax)

   IDS 1030 : (Mariusz Owsiak) Aberdeenshire

IDS
1034

ЛД = LD

САНИНЪ

(SANIN)

H9

SPB

NP.2.

L. H

1833

H9

post
(flax)

   IDS 1034 : (Brian Arnold) Forgien Estate, Aberdeenshire

IDS
1123

АРХ. БР (Archangel Bracked)
 ДЕСЯТЪ /ЕГОРЪ ТЕВЛЕВЪ

Inspector Egor Tevlev

APX. БP
ЧЕСКА
2.COPTЪ
H.C. 1894

ARKH.BR
CHESKA
2nd SORT (flax)
N.S. 1894

   IDS 1123 : (Shona Pickering) Inverbervie, Aberdeenshire

IDS
1620

ЛД = LD
А.ПЫЖОВЪ
(A.PYZHOV)
H75

SPB

NP.?
I.H.
18
33

75
post
(flax)

   IDS 1620 : (Ian Thomson) Aberdeen

IDS
1847

ЛД = LD

T.ШELЬKOBЬ

 (T.SHEL'KOV)

H51

NP
DH12K
1799

51
post
(flax)

   IDS 1847 : (Darryl French) Stonehaven

           
           
           

Аа=A, Вв=V, Сс=S, Бб=B, Чч=CH, Дд=d, Ее=E, Ё=O, Ээ=EH,

Ии=I, Йй=Y, Фф=F, Гг=G, Кк=K, Лл=L, Мм=M, Hн=N, Oо=O,

Ө=F,Th, П=P, Рр=R, Жж=ZH, Шш=SH, щ=SHCH, Тт=T, Цц=TS,

Уу=U, Юю=YU, Яя=YA, ѣ=YE, Зз=Z, Ьь=', Ъ=', ы=Y,

           
           
           

 

Copyright 2020 © Ged Dodd

 aka PeaceHavens Project

 Click here for the terms
of free copy & share &
supporting your Project