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Russian Flax/Hemp Bale Seals

from Arbroath & District, Scotland

including Arbroath Signal Tower Museum

(70 seals found to date with 9 seals awaiting upload as of 21st March 2018)

 

     

    About PeaceHavens - This database is an ongoing project involving the daily finding and identification of Russian Lead Flax Bale Seals from the old disused 18th/19th century Flax Mills of the Industrial Revolution in the UK.     For many decades in the 18th & 19th centuries, Russia was by far the world's greatest exporter of these flax stems via Archangel, St Petersburg, Kronstadt, Narva, Riga, Libau, Memel, Konigsberg, Pilau, Pernau, Revel, and Tilsit and Great Britain was Russia's major customer.. Every bale of flax stems was fastened together with a lead seal by a quality control inspector. The discarded stems of the flax with seals still attached were prized as fertilizer by farmers and were spread onto the land mixed with night soil manure.

  "Times New Roman"> "Times New Roman"> "Times New Roman"> "Times New Roman">

Russian Lead Flax/Hemp Bale Seals from

Arbroath, Scotland

 

 

Lead Flax Bale Seals from Baltic States

There are more Baltic States seals on the other sites

 

Weather Forecast

 

 

Modern Cyrillic Alphabet

 

A=A,  B=V,  Б=B,   C=S,

Ч=CH, Д=D,   E=A,  И=E,

Ё=O,  Э=EH,  Ф=F,  Г=G,

H=N, K=K,  Л=L,  M=M,

O=O, Ө=F,Th.  П=P, Р=R,

Ж=ZH,  Ш=SH,  Щ=SHCH,

T=T,  Ц=TS,  У=U,  Ю=YU,

Я= YA, ѣ=YE,  Х= KH,

З = Z,  Ы = Y,  Ь Ъ=' "

 

 

Inspectors and Posts

for Arbroath

 

Names and dates in purple

are from Arbroath

 

  Ashchnikov     180?   17

  Chernikov.A    183?   26

  Cherntsov      1777  231

  Chupyatov.T    1828  107

  Davydov.P      1822   17

  Eremeev.I.M    1838   41

  Filatov.S      183?    2

  Grudinin       181-    8

  IZ             1845    2

  Kartsov.A      1807   25

  Kazlov.A       183?   46

  Kladukhin.I    1821  122

  Korolev.E.B    1820   40

  Kostin.I       1788   11

  Kostin.L       182?  122

  Lobkov.L       18??    8

  Mesnikov.T     1836   40

  Orekhov        1785  114

  Pikin.M        1797   35

  Pogankin.L     1840   27

  Plotnikov.Mat  1851 Arch

  Shchogolev.P   180?   64

  Simanov.K      1788   77

  Sobinchov.?    1835   5-

  Sobo'yanov.P   1833   3-

  Taropchinov.M  1834   14

  Taropchinov.M  1???   11

  Vinnikov.I.M   18?3   56

  Vinnikov.I     1817   20

  Volkov.A       1818    5

  Vorob'ev.A     182?   98

  Zhigachev.Ya   1816  100

   

 

 

Posts / Inspectors / #

for Folly Gill Mill

 

  Arch Mat.Plotnikov 1851#01

    2 S.Filatov     183?#03

    2 IZ            1845#01

    5 A.Volkov      1818#01

    8 Gruzinin      181-#04

    8 L.Lobkov      183?#C01

   11 I.Kostin      1788#01

   11 M.Taropchinov 182?#02

   14 M.Taropchinov 1834#S01

   17 Ashchnikov    180?#03

   17 P.Davydov     1822#01

   20 I.Vinnikov    1817#01

   25 A.Kartsov     1807#01

   26 A.Chernikov   183?#C01

   27 L.Pogankin    1840#C01

   3- P.Sobo'yanov  1833#S01

   35 M.Pikin       1797#01

   40 T.Mesnikov    1836#C01

   40 E.B.Korolev   1820#01

   41 I.M.Eremeev   1838#C01

   46 A.Kazlov      183?#C04

   5- ?.Sobinchov   1835#C01

   56 I.M.Vinnikov  180?#02

   64 P.Shchogolev  180?#01

   77 K.Simanov     1788#02

   98 A.Vorob'ev    182?#01

  100 Ya.Zhigachev  1816#01

  107 T.Chupyatov   1828#01

  114 Orekhov       1785#01

  122 I.Kladukhin   1821#01

  122 L.Kostin      182?#04

  231 Cherntsov     1777#01

 

- - - - - - - - - - - - - -

How the seals got

into the fields

 

The discarded stalks of the flax with

a bale seal still attached were highly

 prized as fertilizer by local farmers

and they were spread on to the land

mixed in human & animal excrement.

 

 

------------------

Home Page

 New Discount Handbooks

Identifying

History

 

All seals marked ADMUS are here

Arbroath Signal Tower Museum
Ladyloan, Arbroath, DD11 1PU
01241 435329

ArbroathMuseum@angusalive.scot

archive.angus.gov.uk/historyaa/museums/signaltower/

Signal Tower webcam

 

 

#

OBVERSE  click thumbnail

REVERSE click thumbnail

Arb

+01

Cross quartered
+ shield with
-/-/4/4 pellets

CR

12

Baltic States
(flax)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lead Flax Bale Seals from Riga, Latvia

There are more Riga seals on the other sites

#

OBVERSE  click thumbnail

REVERSE click thumbnail

Arb

X01

+

 crossed keys

2

blank

Riga
(flax)

Arb

X02

+

 crossed keys

2

blank

Riga
(flax)

Arb
X03

X

crossed keys

1

no photo

blank

1 ADMUS:

A1988.287

Arb X04

no photo

РИЖ 1787 (Riga Arms)

no photo

blank

2 ADMUS:

A1988.288

Arb X05

no photo

+ / crossed keys / 1

no photo

blank

7 ADMUS:

A1988.294

Arb X06

no photo

+ / crossed keys / 3

no photo

blank

13  ADMUS:

A1988.301

Arb X07

no photo

+ / crossed keys / 2

no photo

blank

28  ADMUS:

A2000.87.3

Arb X08

no photo

+ / crossed keys / 1

no photo

blank

31  ADMUS:

A2003.53

Arb X09 

no photo

+ / crossed keys / 2

no photo

blank

39  ADMUS:

DBM.42179(a)

Arb

X10

+

 crossed keys

2

blank

Riga
(flax)

IDS 265

           
           
           

Archangel Manager Seals

APX  ПOP = ARCH POR = ARCHANGEL PORT

ДЕСЯТ (ДЕСЯТНИК) Manager in charge of ten people

  Most Bale Seals are 11-12 grams but Manager Seals are 23-24 grams

#

OBVERSE  click thumbnail

REVERSE click thumbnail

Arch

Arb01

ДЕСЯТ (Inspector)

 МАТ.ПЛОТНИКОВ

(MAT.PLOTNIKOV)

APX.БP
 ЧECKA (Cheska)
3:COPTЪ (3rd SORT)
B.ЛED  1851 (flax)

Arch

Arb02

GEORGE
CLASSEN

  16 ADMUS: A1989.246

Zabrack
4"C

Archangel

4th grade
(zabrack)

   Found in N.E.Fife Scotland

Arch

M01

no photo

GEORGE
CLASSEN

  256  CUPMS: 2007.87

no photo

SECOND
SORT

Second Sort
(hemp)

      Although the George Classen seals show no indication of the date or place of bracking the fact that one is Zabrack, the lowest quality of hemp, suggests Archangel, the only city with the credibility to sell Zabrack Quality 4 grade as traders had lost faith in the grading system from St Petersburg at this time.

Arch

Arb03

no photo

АРХ. БРА
ДЕСЯТЪ
АЛЕКСЕИ / ЛЫЧЕВЪ
(ALEKSEI LYCHEV)

no photo

 КУДѢЛЯ  (Kudelya)

2 СОРТЪ  (2nd SORT)
ФР (FR) 1869 (flax)

9 ADMUS: A1988.297

Arch

Arb04

no photo

АРХ. БРА
ДЕСЯТ
СТЕПАНЪ / ?УНИ?
(STEPAN  ?UNI?)

no photo

АРХ.ПОР
ЗАБРАК  (zabrack)
Я.К (Ya.K) 1869
18 ADMUS: A1988.263

Arch

Arb05

no photo

АРХ. БРА
ДЕСЯТ
 БОРОВСИНОВЪ
(BOROVSINOV)

no photo

АРХ.ПОР
КУДЕЛЪ  (kudel)
В.ЛЕD (V.LED) 1868
25 ADMUS: A1990.315

Arch

Arb06

АРХ.ПОР

(Archangel Port)

ДЕСЯТCKЪ (Inspector)
 ВАСИЛІЙ / ???????
(VASILII ??????)

АРХ.БPА

(Archangel Bracked)
ЗАБРАКЪ (Zabrack)
Я.К. (Ya.K) 1874

 Arb06 found by Andy Parker at Leysmill, Arbroath.

Arch

Arb07

АРХ.БP (Arch Brack)

ДЕСЯТЪ (Inspector)
 ПЕТРЪ / ??EK???
(PETER ??EK??)

АРХ. БP (Archangel Bracked)
ЧECKA (Cheska)

3rd SORT (flax)
Д.П. (D.P) 1885

 Arb07 found by Allan Rutter at Arbroath.

           

1771 NP

Letters in this colour are inferred from other seals found elsewhere

#

OBVERSE  click thumbnail

REVERSE click thumbnail

ARB

1771

01

ДГ = DG

K.APBKOBЦEBЬ

(K.ARVKOVTSEV)

N 41

NP

FL12H

1771

41

post (flax)

found by
Alan Rutter

 Very similar to a seal found in Quebec, Canada (IDS 1271) except owner initial FL not HP

 

1777 WK

Letters in this colour are inferred from other seals found elsewhere

#

OBVERSE  click thumbnail

REVERSE click thumbnail

ARB

1777

01

no photo

Д:O = D:O
ЧЕРНЦОВЪ
(CHERNTSOV)
H231

no photo

WK

IM12H

1777

114

post (flax)

10 ADMUS:

A1988.298

   Д:O  is probably A:O ... Cherntsov at 231 post was the sole inspector for 

   A.O  = Акционерное Общество   = the  Joint Stock Company,

           
           

1785 NP

Letters in this colour are inferred from other seals found elsewhere

#

OBVERSE  click thumbnail

REVERSE click thumbnail

ARB

1785

01

no photo

ЛД = LD
ОРЕХОВЪ
(OREKHOV)
H114

no photo

NP

?O12K

1785

114

post (flax)

  4 ADMUS:

A1988.290

 

 

 

 

 

 

1788 NP

Letters in this colour are inferred from other seals found elsewhere

ARB

1788

01

ЛД = LD
И.КОСТИНЪ
(I.KOSTIN)
H11

NP

ГФ12H

1788

11

post
(flax)

ARB
1788
02

ЛД = LD
K.CИMAHOB
(
K.SIMANOV)
H77

N:P
CGK12K
1788

77
post (flax)
found by
Alan Rutter

           

1797 NP

Letters in this colour are inferred from other seals found elsewhere

#

OBVERSE  click thumbnail

REVERSE click thumbnail

ARB

1797

01

no photo

ЛД = LD
М.ПИКИНЪ
(M.PIKIN)
H35

no photo

NP

?P12?

1797

35

post (flax)

 3 ADMUS:

A1988.289

 

 

 

 

 

 

180? NP may be 1800 - 1829

Letters in this colour are inferred from other seals found elsewhere

#

OBVERSE  click thumbnail

REVERSE click thumbnail

ARB
180?
01

ЛД = LD
П.ЩОГОЛЕВ
(P.SHCHOGOLEV)
H64

NP
СЧ12H
182?

64

post
(flax)

ARB
180?
02

no photo

ЛД = LD
И.М.ВИННИКОВЪ
(I.M.VINNIKOV)
H64

no photo

NP
?Ч12H
18-3

56

post (flax)
12 ADMUS:

A1988.300

ARB
180?
03

no photo

ЛД = LD
АЩНИКОВЪ
(ASHCHNIKOV)
H17

no photo

NP
AP12H
18??

17

post (flax)
14 ADMUS:

A1988.302

ARB
180?
04

no photo

ЛД = LD
ГРУЗИНИН
(GRUZININ)
H8

no photo

NP
PF12H

181?

8

post (flax)
15 ADMUS:
A1988.303

           
 

1807

Letters in this colour are inferred from other seals found elsewhere

#

OBVERSE  click thumbnail

REVERSE click thumbnail

ARB

1807

01

ЛД = LD
А.КАРЦОВЪ
(A.KARTSOV)
H25

NP

AШ12H

1807

25

post (flax)
found by
Alan Rutter

           
 

1816

Letters in this colour are inferred from other seals found elsewhere

#

OBVERSE  click thumbnail

REVERSE click thumbnail

ARB

1816

01

ЛД = LD
Я.ЖИГAЧEBЪ
(Ya.ZHIGACHEV)
H100

NP

CGF9H

1816

100

post (flax)
found by
Alan Rutter

           
 

1817

Letters in this colour are inferred from other seals found elsewhere

#

OBVERSE  click thumbnail

REVERSE click thumbnail

ARB

1817

01

ЛД = LD
И.ВИННИКОВ
(I.VINNIKOV)
H20

NP

OP12H

1817

20

post (flax)
found by
Craig Betts

           
 

1818

Letters in this colour are inferred from other seals found elsewhere

#

OBVERSE  click thumbnail

REVERSE click thumbnail

ARB

1818

01

no photo

ЛД = LD
А.ВОЛКОВЪ
(A.VOLKOV)
Ho5

no photo

NP

AG12H

1818

5

post (flax)

 5 ADMUS:

A1988.291

           

1820

Letters in this colour are inferred from other seals found elsewhere

#

OBVERSE  click thumbnail

REVERSE click thumbnail

ARB

1820

01

no photo

ЛД = LD
Е.Б.КОРОЛЕВЪ
(E.B.KOROLEV)
H40

no photo

NP

?????

1820

40

post (flax)

11  ADMUS:

A1988.299

           
           

182? NP may be 1820 - 1828

Letters in this colour are inferred from other seals found elsewhere

#

OBVERSE  click thumbnail

REVERSE click thumbnail

ARB
182?
01

ЛД = LD
А.ВОРОБЬЕВЪ
(A.VOROB'EV)
H98

NP
АБ12H
182?

98
post

(flax)

ARB
182?
02

ЛД = LD
М.ТАP
ОПЧИНОВЪ
(M.TAROPCHINOV)
H11

NP
??12H
18??
11
post
(flax)

ARB
182?
03

no photo

ЛД = LD
Л.КОСТИНЪ
(L.KOSTIN)
H122

no photo

NP
АБ12H
182?

122
post
(flax)
24 ADMUS:
A1990.313

           
 

1821  NP

Letters in this colour are inferred from other seals found elsewhere

#

OBVERSE  click thumbnail

REVERSE click thumbnail

ARB
1821
01

ЛД = LD
И.КЛАДУХИН
(I.KLADUKHIN)
H122

NP
ER12H
1821
122
post
(flax)
found by
 Craig Betts
           

1822  NP

Letters in this colour are inferred from other seals found elsewhere

#

OBVERSE  click thumbnail

REVERSE click thumbnail

ARB
1822
01

no photo

ЛД = LD
П.ДАВЫДОВЪ
(P.DAVYDOV)
H17

no photo

NP
?K9H
1822
17
post
(flax)
22 ADMUS:
A1989.267

ARB
1822
02

no photo

ЛД = LD
--O--EKОВЪ
(K.POZNEKOV)
H20

no photo

NP
?P9H
1822
20
post
(flax)
19 ADMUS:
A1989.264
           
           

1828  NP

Letters in this colour are inferred from other seals found elsewhere

#

OBVERSE  click thumbnail

REVERSE click thumbnail

ARB
1828
01

ЛД = LD
Т.ЧУПЯТОВЪ
(T.CHUPYATOV)
H107

NP
ER9H
1828
107
post

(flax)
           
           

1829 SPB

Letters in this colour are inferred from other seals found elsewhere

#

OBVERSE  click thumbnail

REVERSE click thumbnail

ARB
1829
01

no photo

ЛД = LD
Т.ВИННОКУРОВЪ
(T.VINNOKUROV)
H58

no photo

SPB
NP._3
FW
1829
58
post
(flax)
27 ADMUS:
A2002.87.2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

183? СПБ may be 1829 - 1840

Letters in this colour are inferred from other seals found elsewhere

#

OBVERSE  click thumbnail

REVERSE click thumbnail

ARB
183?
C01

ЛД = LD
А.ЧЕРНИКОВЪ
(A.CHERNIKOV)
H26

СПБ
НоП.2
M.K.
183
?
26
post

(flax)

ARB
183?
C02

ЛД = LD

Л.ЛOБKOBЬ

(L.LOBKOV)

H 8

СПБ
НоП.?
I.H
18??

8
post

(flax)

ARB
183?
C03

ЛД = LD
С.ФИЛАТОВЪ
(S.FILATOV)
H2

СПБ
НоП.2
I.Г.
183
?

2
post

(flax)

ARB
183?
C04

no photo

ЛД = LD
А.КАЗЛОВЪ
(A.KAZLOV)
H46

no photo

СПБ
НоП.2
П.Ш
183
?

46
post
(flax)

17 ADMUS:

 A1989.247

           
           

1833 SPB

Letters in this colour are inferred from other seals found elsewhere

#

OBVERSE  click thumbnail

REVERSE click thumbnail

ARB
1833
S01

no photo

ЛД = LD
П.СОБОЬЯНОВЪ
(P.SOBO'YANOV)
H3-

no photo

SPB
N.P._2
I.H.
1834

3-
post
(flax)
21 ADMUS:
 A1989.266

           
           
           
           

1834 SPB

Letters in this colour are inferred from other seals found elsewhere

#

OBVERSE  click thumbnail

REVERSE click thumbnail

ARB
1834
S01

ЛД = LD
М.ТАP
ОПЧИНО
(M.TAROPCHINOV)
N14

SPB
N.P._3
I.B.
1834

14
post

(flax)

           

1835 SPB  

Letters in this colour are inferred from other seals found elsewhere

#

OBVERSE  click thumbnail

REVERSE click thumbnail

ARB
1835
S01

no photo

ЛД = LD
Н.КУДРЯЕВЪ
(N.KUDRYAEV)
H--

no photo

SPB
NP._3
?.P
1835

-- post
(flax)

26  ADMUS:
A2000.212

           
           
           

1835 СПБ  

Letters in this colour are inferred from other seals found elsewhere

#

OBVERSE  click thumbnail

REVERSE click thumbnail

ARB
1835
C01

no photo

ЛД = LD
?.СОБИНЧОВЪ

(?.SOBINCHOV)
H5-

no photo

СПБ
НоП.?
H.?
1835

5- post
(flax)

40  ADMUS:
DBM 4217b

           
           

1836 СПБ

Letters in this colour are inferred from other seals found elsewhere

#

OBVERSE  click thumbnail

REVERSE click thumbnail

ARB
1836
C01

ЛД = LD
I.МЕСНИКОВЪ
(
I.MESNIKOV)
H40

СПБ
НоП.2
Г.Б.
1836

40
post

(flax)

 

1838 СПБ

Letters in this colour are inferred from other seals found elsewhere

#

OBVERSE  click thumbnail

REVERSE click thumbnail

ARB
1838
C01

ЛД = LD

ИM:EPEMEEBЬ

(IM:EREMEEV)

H41

CПБ

HoП.2

M.K

1838

41

post

(flax)

(IDS 26)

1840 СПБ

Letters in this colour are inferred from other seals found elsewhere

#

OBVERSE  click thumbnail

REVERSE click thumbnail

ARB
1840
C01

ЛД = LD
Л.ПОГАНКИНЪ
(L.POGANKIN)
H27

СПБ
НоП.3
M.K.
1840

27
post

(flax)

           
           
1845

Letters in this colour are inferred from other seals found elsewhere

ABR
1845
01

ИЗ (IZ)

6 ADMUS: A1988.292

N.2
1845

2nd sort

1845

(flax)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1846

Letters in this colour are inferred from other seals found elsewhere

ABR
1846
01

ARDAMATZKI
Б.А. / 1846 / S
TPB

8 ADMUS: A1988.296

3 й C.
--.--
12.П.

3rd Sort

12 pukn

(flax)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1848

Letters in this colour are inferred from other seals found elsewhere

ABR
1848
001

ABDAMAZKI
B.А / 1848 / S
TPB

23  ADMUS: A1990.311

no photo

Ho2
--.--
9.П.

2nd Sort

9 pukn
(flax)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1849

Letters in this colour are inferred from other seals found elsewhere

ABR
1849
001

KOROLEFF
И.Ф.K
ST.P.B

Ho_3
_,_

1849

3rd grade
1849 (flax)
found by
Alan Rutter

 

 

 

 

 

 

1851

Letters in this colour are inferred from other seals found elsewhere

ABR
1851
001

no photo

ABDAMAZKY
Б.А / 1851 / STPB

20  ADMUS: A1989.265

no photo

Ho2
--.--
9.П.

2nd Sort

9 pukn
(flax)

1853

Letters in this colour are inferred from other seals found elsewhere

ABR
1853
01

PROPRIETAIRE
*
(K)AHKOFF

No_2
--.--
1853

2nd grade
(flax)

 

 

 

 

 

 

           

#

OBVERSE  click thumbnail

#

REVERSE click thumbnail

misc
01

SWAINSEEDS
BRISTOL

Triangular
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 Here are two informative articles about the flax industry in Arbroath

    https://canmore.org.uk/.../arbroath-millgate-alma-works

    http://www.fdca.org.uk/.../TEXTILE%20INDUSTRY%20OF...   

 

 

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