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Russian Flax/Hemp Bale Seals

  from Archangel (Arkhangelsk)

This is Part One of Two (Part Two is here)

  

 A Full List of Archangel Inspector names .. click on  here

  Archangel Seals from John Sullivan's Book .. click on  here

   

     Arkhangelsk was Russia's first northern seaport and between 1668 and 1684 a large fortified trading centre, the Gostiny Dvor, was constructed on its riverbank.  The winter weather gave a very short time slot for trading as the port iced over and many ships were lost or abandoned to the crushing ice.

  The founding of St Petersburg in 1702 in the warmer waters of the Baltic,  along with the ports Konigsberg, Kronstadt, Libnau, Memel, Narva, Pernau, Reval, Riga, Tilsit Windau and others pushed Arkhangelsk out of the limelight. Archangel used flax from Kama, Kostrogna, Tot'ma, Ustyug, Vologda, Vyatka, Yaroslavl where it was usually dew-retted in the fields. Archangel had a reputation for honest bracking whereas the Baltic Ports standards were not as good .. so the English merchants still preferred to buy Archangel flax whenever possible.

 

  For two centuries after the foundation of St Petersburg in 1703, the British merchant community- exercised a remarkable influence over the city's economic relations with the wider world.  This community operated as a 'City of London' in miniature, and where the merchants led others--diplomats, travellers, soldiers, sailors, engineers, craftsmen and others--followed.   To the English in the sixteenth century the idea of a northern route to the Indies had a particular appeal, and in 1553, in search of such a passage, the Edward Bonaventure cast anchor off the southern shore of the White Sea. For England, this venture established a thriving trade with Russia through Archangel; for Russia, it offered the prospect of secure and direct commercial links with Western Europe. The ship's return to England heralded the formation in London of the Muscovy Company, which sent annual cargoes of cloth, silks, tropical and Mediterranean goods in return for pelts, wax, tar and pitch. Finding it more economical to export Russian hemp in a processed form, English merchants set up a rope works near Archangel. It soon enjoyed a high reputation.

Archangel Harbour in the late 18th and early 19th Century

  Facts about Archangel Seals found in the UK.

    Prior to the formation of the PeaceHavens Project a solitary flax seal dated 1813 was the earliest known date from Archangel found in the UK ... the rest being from the mid 1820's to the late 1890's.   Starting in 2013 with a discovery at Bentham Mills of the PeaceHavens Hoard by Ged Dodd, our Project Director, the Project Members Metal Detecting Team subsequently uncovered over 1,300 flax/hemp seals surpassing the total of known seals in Dr John Sullivan's Book ... with a total today on the Project Database of well over 6,000 seals . The Archangel seals found at Bentham Mill were mostly dated in the mid 1820's confirming his findings .... but 2 seals were dated 1810 & 1811 which was surprising as the mills were not in full operation with flax until the mid 1820's ... and then ...    Moving on to the Mills of the Washburn Valley our Director found many more seals at the Aked High Mill, Little Patrick Mill and West House Mill  .. and with the help of the Project Members Metal Detecting Team well over another 1500 more flax/hemp seals were subsequently uncovered ... with several early Archangel seals dated from 1806 .. along with some more seals being from the mid 1820's onwards.

 

  Crimean War 1853/56 extended into the Baltic & White Seas & seals from this period are few.

 Archangel Harbour in the late 19th Century

            Types of Archangel Seals found in the UK

 

 After wet-retting in the fields the flax was bracked into two kinds ..

 

1) SELECT   (OTБOPHЬII - OTBORNOY) which is soft, silk-like flax.
...  Subdivided into 3 grades

    1"COPTЪ (1st SORT) First grade
    2"COPTЪ (2nd SORT) Second grade
    3"COPTЪ (3rd SORT) Third grade

 

2) CROWN  (KPONЪ - KRON) which is long fiber, high quality flax.

..  Subdivided into 4 grades

    1"COPTЪ (1st SORT) First grade
    2"COPTЪ (2nd SORT) Second grade
    3"COPTЪ (3rd SORT) Third grade
    4"COPTЪ (4th SORT) Fourth grade

====================================================

 

  However the majority of seals were referred to as

 

  ЛHAБPA,  ЛHAЯH,  ЛHA:БPAK,  ЛHЯ :БP,  ЛHЯH:БPAK

  LNABRA,  LNAYAN,  LNA:BRAK,  LNYA:BR,  LYYAN:BRAK

  which were all abreviations for ...

  ЛЬНЯНОЕ БPAKOBЩIK  flax which has passed inspection.

  or APX. БP  (ARCH.BR)  passed inspection at Archangel.

  ..  all subdivided into 3 grades

    1"COPTЪ (1st SORT) First grade
    2"COPTЪ (2nd SORT) Second grade
    3"COPTЪ (3rd SORT) Third grade

 ====================================================

 

Lesser quality kinds of flax and hemp from Archangel are ...

 
     KUDEL, KUDELYA, KUDEL'YA, KUDEL'N

      (KУДEЛЬ, KУДѣЛЯ KУДѣЛЬЯ,KУДEЛЬH) (also called Tow)
     is the coarse broken part of flax or hemp after the heckling.

..  Subdivided into 4 grades

    CЫPЦOBAЯ (SYRTSOVAYA) Natural
    1"COPTЪ (1st SORT) First grade
    2"COPTЪ (2nd SORT) Second grade
    3"COPTЪ (3rd SORT) Third grade

 

     HECKLED (ЧESKA)
     (known as Cheska) is a low grade heckled flax or hemp.

..  Subdivided into 3 grades
    1"COPTЪ (1st SORT) First grade
    2"COPTЪ (2nd SORT) Second grade
    3"COPTЪ (3rd SORT) Third grade

 

     CODILLA (ПAKЛЯ)
     (known as Paklya or Scutching Tow) is broken fibres from

      the Scutching and Heckling process and is used for Tow yarns.

..  Subdivided into 3 grades
    1"COPTЪ (1st SORT) First grade
    2"COPTЪ (2nd SORT) Second grade
    3"COPTЪ (3rd SORT) Third grade

 

     ZABR, ZABRACK (ЗAБP, ЗAБPAKЪ)
     is the lowest grade of flax or hemp

..  Subdivided into 2 grades
    1"COPTЪ (1st SORT) First grade
    2"COPTЪ (2nd SORT) Second grade

 ====================================================

 

   Russian State Arms Custom Seals for Archangel

Arch
Tax
01

TP
Eagle
Arms

H 1

APXAH.
1862
T.OT.T

Russian State Arms Customs

ARCHANGEL

  TP (agent) HI = post 1     ARXAN = Archangel .

  T = Customs . OT = Department . T = Goods     1862

  TAMOЖHЯ. = Customs .. OTPACЛЬ = Department .. TOBAP = Goods  IDS 725

 

 

 Deciphering Archangel Seals ..  example

obverse

APX. БPA
ДECЯT
AHДPѣИ
ПЛOTHIK

 

= ARCH. BRA  Archangel bracked (Quality Inspected).

= DESYAT  Inspector, Quality Control Officer.

= ANDREW   The name of the inspector.

= PLOTNIK

reverse 

APX. ПOP
KУДѣЛЯ
1"COPTЪ
Я. K.

1867

 

= ARCH. PORT  Archangel Port.

= KUDEL (TOW) Coarse broken flax after Heckling.

= 1st SORT  The first grading of the flax.

= Ya.K.  Initials of the previous Grower/Owner/Agent

= Graded in 1867.

 

 Notes:- variations are numerous

 

   The Obverse (Front)

 APX. БPA = Archangel Brack . variations are APX. БP,  APX. БPAK,  APX. БPAKЬ.

 A bracker was a BRAKOVSHCHIK and БPAKOBЩИK was to Pass Inspection

 
 ДECЯT was a Quality Control Officer selected by the
 brackers themselves who worked under their direct supervision to carry out the inspection and certify on their behalf the bundle to which the seal was fastened.  The variations are  ДЕС, ДЕСЯCK, ДЕСЯТ,  ДЕСЯТC, ДЕСЯТCK, ДЕСЯТH, ДЕСЯТHИKЪ, ДЕСЯТЬHИKЪ,

 Names with Ц  like ДЕСЯЦK,  ДЕСЯЦKO, ДЕСЯЦKOИ are probably Customs Officers.

    

 AHДPѣИ ПЛOTH = ANDREW PLOTNIK was the name of this inspector.

  We have hundreds of different inspector names.

  - - - - - - - - -

    The Reverse (Back)

 APX. ПOP = Archangel Port .. variations are A.П (A.P).

 A = Archangel ..  APX, APXA, APXAH, APXAHГ, APXAHГEЛ, APXAHAГЛЬCK

 

 KУДѣЛЯ = KUDEL is the coarse broken part of hemp or flax after the Heckling and Scutching processes. .. variations are KУДEЛЬ & KУДѣЛЬЯ (hemp) KУДEЛЬH (flax)

     This could also be ПAKЛЯ = PAKLYA (Scutching Tow), CODILLA (Broken flax from the first heckling), ЧESKA (CHESKA = lowest grade heckled flax), or ПAKЛЯ ЧECKA (Heckled Codilla) or ZABR, ZABRACK, (ЗAБP, ЗAБPAKЪ) lowest quality.

 1"COPTЪ = 1st SORT (grading) ..could be 2nd, 3rd or even 4th Sort.

 Я. K. = Ya K.   Initials of the previous Grower/Owner/Agent

 1863 = the date of the grading.               

 

 

  Found at Bentham Mills

Smaller Flax Bale Seals from Archangel

These appear to be pewter and corrode badly

#

OBVERSE  click thumbnail

REVERSE click thumbnail

ARC
01
  ДECЯT
БOPOBЬ
CИHPOBЬ
(BOROV SINROV)
  A. П.
(Archangel Port)
ЛHAБPA
3 ЯC P  1825
  A P
LNABRA
3 Ya.S R
1825 (flax)
The seals ARC 01 - ARC 05 have writing around the edge  ????AHAЯБOB??KOБ : БPAK
ARC
02
  ДECЯT
БOPOBЬ
CИHPOBЬ
(BOROV SINROV)
  A. П.
(Archangel Port)
ЛHAБPA
3 ЯC P  1825
  A P
LNABRA
3 Ya.S R
1825 (flax)

ARC

03

  A.П.

(Archangel Port)

 ДECЯT

BK

  A. П.
(Archangel Port)
ЛHAБPA
3 ЯC P  1825
  A P
LNABRA
3 Ya.S R
1825 (flax)

ARC

04

A.П.

(Archangel Port)

ДECЯT

BK

  A. П.
(Archangel Port)
ЛHAБPA
3 ЯC P  1825
  A P
LNABRA
3 Ya.S R
1825 (flax)

ARC

05

A.П.

(Archangel Port)

ДECЯT

BK

  A. П.
(Archangel Port)
ЛHAБPA
2 ЯC P  1825
  A P
LNABRA
2 Ya.S R
1825 (flax)
 The seals ARC 01 - ARC 05 have writing around the edge  ????AHAЯБOB??KOБ : БPAK

ARC

06

- - -

ЯЦKOИ

(YATSKOI)

- - -

  A. П.
(Archangel Port)
ЛHAБPAK
3 BD P  1807
  A P
LNABRAK
3 BD R
1807 (flax)

ARC

07

- - -

- - -

- - -

- - -

- - -

- - -

- - -

- - -

- - -

ARC

08

- - -

- - -

- - -

  A. П.
(Archangel Port)
ЛHAБPAK
3 BD P  1807
  A P
LNABRAK
3 BD R
1807 (flax)

ARC

09

A. П.

(Archangel Port)

ДECЯmC

MK

  A. П.
(Archangel Port)
ЛHAБPA
2 BD P  18??
  A P
LNABRA
2  BD R
18?? (flax)

ARC

10

- - -

????

- - -

from

West House

Mills

(flax)

ARC

11

- - -

- - -

  A. П.
(Archangel Port)
ЛHAБPAK
3 BD P  1807
  A P
LNABRAK
3 BD R
1807 (flax)

ARC

12

A.П.

(Archangel Port)

ДЕСЯЦK

? ?

  A. П.
(Archangel Port)
ЛHЯHБPAK
2 ЯC P  1825
  A P
LNYANBRAK
2 Ya.S R
1825 (flax)

ARC

13

ДECЯT

ДOCЯЦKO

(DOSYATSKO)

T?S

  A. П.
(Archangel Port)
ЛHAБPAK
2 BD P  1825
  A P
LNABRAK
3 BD R
1825 (flax)

ARC

14

ФK

  A. П.
(Archangel Port)

  ЛHЯH: БPA

3 BD P 1825

A P

LNYAN.BRA

3  BD

1825  (flax)

ARC

15

A П

ДECЯESK

E?

A. П.

(Archangel Port)

ЛHЯH:БPAK

2 BD P 1825

A P

LNYAN.BRA

2 BD

1825  (flax)

ARC

16

 A.П.

ДECЯESK

AMC

A. П.

(Archangel Port)

ЛHЯH:БPAK

2 ЯC P 1825

A P

LNYAN:BRAK

3 YaS R

1825  (flax)

ARC

17

Д ?

BEHЬ

? ДOB Ь

A. П.

(Archangel Port)

ЛHAБP

3 JD P 1811

A P

LNYAN.BRA

3 JD

1811  (flax)

ARC

18

A. П.

ДECЯ ЦK

??

A. П.

(Archangel Port)

ЛHAH:БPAK

3 ЯC P 1822

A P

LNYAN:BRAK

3 YaS R

1822  (flax)

 ARC
19

  A П

ДECR--

- П

A. П.

(Archangel Port)

ЛHAH:БPAK

3 ЯC P 1822

A P

LNYAN:BRAK

3 YaS R

1822  (flax)

ARC

20

A. П.

ДEЦKC

ФК

A. П.

(Archangel Port)

ЛHAH:БPAK

2 PD P 1822

A P

LNYAN:BRAK

2 PD R

1822  (flax)

ARC

21

A-П

ДECЯЦK

AC

A. П.

ЛHЯH.БPAK

BD  ПAKЛЯ 1831

A P

LNYAN:BRAK

BD PAKLYA

1831  (flax)

  ARC 021 .. this is ПAKЛЯ grade flax (Paklya, Codilla or Scutching Tow are the broken fibres from the

  scutching and heckling process and are used for Tow yarns.)

ARC

22

A. П.

ДEЦK

??

A. П.

(Archangel Port)

ЛHAH:БPAK 

2 ЯC P 1829

A P

LNYAN:BRAK

2 Ya S R

1829  (flax)

ARC

23

A.П.

(Archangel Port)

ДЕСЯЦKOИ

? ? initials

A. П.

(Archangel Port)
ЛHЯHБPAK
? ?? P  18??

A P

LNYAN:BRAK

?  ??  R

18?? (flax)

ARC

24

A-П

ДECЯЦK

AC

A. П.

ЛHЯH.БPAK

BD ПAKЛЯ 1831

A P

LNYAN:BRAK

BD PAKLYA

1831  (flax)

  ARC 024 .. this is ПAKЛЯ grade (Paklya, Codilla or Scutching Tow are the broken

               fibres from the scutching and heckling process and are used for Tow yarns.)

ARC

25

A. П.

ДECЯTC

CK

A. П.

(Archangel Port)

ЛHAH:БPAK 

3 PD P 1829

A P

LNYAN:BRAK

3 PD R

1829  (flax)

ARC

26

A. П.

ДECЯЦK

??

A. П.

(Archangel Port)

ЛHAH:БPAK 

3 ЯC.P 18??

A P

LNYAN:BRAK

3 Ya.S R

18??  (flax)

 

 

 

 

 

 

    APXAHГEЛЬCK  (ARCHANGEL'SK)   (Forms of Archangel)

          A,   APX,   APXA,   APXAH,   APXAHГ,   APXAHГEЛ.               A.П. = APX.ПOP   = Archangel Port

 
    Found at Bentham Mills
Archangel Quality Control Inspector Seals

ДЕСЯТ (
ДЕСЯТНИК) Manager in charge of ten people
  Most Bale Seals weigh 11-12 grams - Manager Seals weigh 23-24 grams

ARC

L01

ДeСЯТ

 ABД  AФA

HACЬeBЪ

APX. БP

KУДeЛЬH

1"COPmЪ

AP  1841

ARCH.BR

KUDYEL'N

1st SORT

AR 1841

   ДeСЯТ  ABД  AФAHACЬeVЪ = Manager Аvdoti Afanasev (Tow flax)

ARC

L02

ДeСЯТ

 MИXA: KO

ЛYПAeB

APX. БP

KУДeЛЬH

2-COPmЪ

B.ЛED 1842

ARCH.BR

KUDYEL'N

2nd SORT

V.LED 1842

  ДeСЯТ MИXA: KOЛYПAeB = Manager Michael Kolupaev (Tow flax)

ARC

L03

ДeСЯТ

 TИMO: ЗB

ЯГИHЬ

APX. БP

KУДEЛЬH

1-COPTЪ

EP  1843

ARCH.BR

KUDYEL'N

1st SORT

ER 1843

  ДeСЯТ TИMO: ЗB ЯГИHЬ = Manager Timothy Zvyagin (Tow flax)

ARC

L04

????

????

????

APX. Б

????

????

????

ARCH.BR

?

?

?

ARC

L05

ДeСЯТ

 ABД  AФA

HACЬЁBЬ

APX. БP

KУДeЛЬH

1-COPmЪ

AP  1841

ARCH.BR

KUDYEL'N

1st SORT

AR 1841

ARC

L06

ДeСЯТ

 ABД  AФA

HACЬeBЬ

APX. БP

KУДeЛЬH

1-COPmЪ

AP   1841

ARCH.BR

KUDYEL'N

1st SORT

AR 1841

   ДeСЯТ  ABД  AФA HACЬeBЬ = Manager Аvdoti Afanasev  (Tow flax)

ARC

L07

????

????

????

????

????

????

 

ARC

L08

ДЕСЯт.

 ФEД.БPЮ

XAHOBЪ

APX. БP
KУДЁЛЬH
 2 COPтЪ

AP   1842

ARCH.BR

KUDYEL'N

2nd SORT

AR 1842

   Manager Fedor Bryukhanov - APX. БP = Archangel inspected Kudel Tow flax 1842

ARC

L09

ДЕСЯT.

 ABД.AФA

HACЬE

APX. БP
KУДЁЛЬH
1 COPтЪ

B.ЛED   1841

ARCH.BR

KUDYEL'N

1st SORT

V.LED 1841

   Manager Аvdoti Afanasev - Archangel inspected 1st grade Kudel (Tow) flax 1841

ARC

L10

ДЕСЯТ

 MИXA: CB

EЩHИKOBЪ

APX. БP

ЧECKAЬ

1-CORTЬ

AP   1843

Manager Michael Sveshchnikov - APX. БP  = Archangel. Brack (inspected)

 1-CORTЬ = 1 Sort Cheska Low Grade Heckled Flax - AR  1843

ARC

L11

APX.БP

ДЕСЯТ.

 HИKOЛAИ

TAPУCOB

APX. БP

KУДЁЛЬH

2-COP

M:K 1851

ARCH.BR

KUDYEL'N

2nd SORT

M:K 1851

  ДЕСЯТ HИKOЛAИ TAPУCOB = Manager Inspector Nikolai Tarusov  (Tow flax)

ARC
L12

APXAHГ.ПOP
ДECЯT
AHДPEI ШУMAH
(ANDREI SHUMAN)

APX.БPA
КУДЕЛЪ
1.COPTЪ
E П 1845

ARCH BRA

KUDEL
1st Sort
(flax)

E P 1845

   ДЕСЯТ AHДPEI ШУMAH = Archangel Port Inspector Andrei Shuman (Kudel flax)

ARC

L13

ДЕСЯТ

 KOCT. ЗБ

ГИHЬ

APX. БP

KУДЁЛЬH

1-COPTЬ

BЛED  1843

ARCH.BR

KUDYEL'N

1st SORT

V.LED 1843

  ДЕСЯТ KOCT: ЗBГИHЬ = Manager Kost. Zbgin

ARC

L14

APX.БPA

ДЕСЯТCK

МИХАИЛО ЕВПИЛOВЪ
(MIKHAILO EVPILOV)

АРХАН. ПОРТ

ЧЕСКА

2.COPTЬ

Я.П.В.  1883

ARCHAN. PORT

CHESKA

2nd SORT

Ya.P.V. 1883

  ДЕСЯТCK  МИХАИЛО ЕВПИЛOВЪ = Manager Mikhailo Evpilov

 This seal was found in a field between Low Bentham road and a nearby railway line.
  The field lies behind what is a newish junior school. This is about mid point between

 High and Low Bentham which are about a mile apart along the road. .

           

Found at West House Mills in Blubberhouses
Flax Bale Seals from Archangel, Russia

Number No.1 Post Types

#

OBVERSE  click thumbnail

REVERSE click thumbnail

No1
1806
w01

No.1.(post) Д (Inspector)

XPACИMЪ TPAПEЗHИKOBЪ

(KHRASIM TRAPEZNIKOV)

APXAH / ГEЛ : ПOP
ЛHЯ.2.PУ
1806  Б.И.Ж

 Archangel Port
LNYA.2.RU
1806  B.I.ZH

  No1 1806w01   No.1.  D (inspector) Khrasim Trapeznikov  /  LNYA.2.RU is 2nd grade (flax)

No1
1809
w0
1

No.1.(post) Д (Inspector)

XPACИMЪ TPAПEЗHИKOBЪ
(KHRASIM TRAPEZNIKOV)

 ЛЬНЯНОЕ БPAKOBЩIK
3 JD P / 1809

LNYANOE (flax)

passed inspection
3 JD R / 1809

   No1 1809w01  No.1.  D (inspector) Khrasim Trapeznikov  / 3 R is third grade (flax)  БPAKOBЩIK passed inspection

No1
1809
w0
2

No.1.(post) Д (Inspector)

XPACИMЪ TPAПEЗHИKOBЪ
(KHRASIM TRAPEZNIKOV)

 ЛЬНЯНОЕ БPAKOBЩIK
3 JD P / 1809

LNYANOE (flax)

passed inspection
3 JD R / 1809

   No1 1809w02  No.1.  D (inspector) Khrasim Trapeznikov  / 3 R is third grade (flax)  БPAKOBЩIK passed inspection

No1
1809
w0
2

No.1.(post) Д (Inspector)

XPACИMЪ TPAПEЗHИKOBЪ
(KHRASIM TRAPEZNIKOV)

 ЛЬНЯНОЕ БPAKOBЩIK
3 JD P / 1809

LNYANOE (flax)

passed inspection
3 JD R / 1809

   No1 1809w02  No.1.  D (inspector) Khrasim Trapeznikov  / 3 R is third grade (flax)  БPAKOBЩIK passed inspection

No1
1809
w0
3

No.1.(post) Д (Inspector)

XPACИMЪ TPAПEЗHИKOBЪ
(KHRASIM TRAPEZNIKOV)

 ЛЬНЯНОЕ БPAKOBЩIK
2 JD P / 1809

LNYANOE (flax)

passed inspection
2 JD R / 1809

   No1 1809w03  No.1.  D (inspector) Khrasim Trapeznikov  / 2 R is second grade (flax)  БPAKOBЩIK passed inspection

No1
1809
w0
4

No.1.(post) Д (Inspector)

БОРИС ГЕСИПОВ
(BORIS GESIPOV)

 ЛЬНЯНОЕ БPAKOBЩIK
3 JD P / 1809

LNYANOE (flax)

passed inspection
3 JD R / 1809

   No1 1809w04  No.1.  D (inspector) Boris Gesipov  / 3 R is third grade (flax)  БPAKOBЩIK passed inspection

No1
1809
w0
5

No.1.(post) Д (Inspector)

БОРИС ГЕСИПОВ
(BORIS GESIPOV)

 ЛЬНЯНОЕ БPAKOBЩIK
2 JD P / 1809

LNYANOE (flax)

passed inspection
2 JD R / 1809

   No1 1809w05  No.1.  D (inspector) Boris Gesipov  / 2 R is second grade (flax)  БPAKOBЩIK passed inspection

No1
1809
w0
6

No.1.(post) Д (Inspector)

XPACИMЪ TPAПEЗHИKOBЪ
(KHRASIM TRAPEZNIKOV)

ЛЬНЯНОЕ БPAKOBЩIK
3
JD P / 1809

LNYANOE (flax)

passed inspection
3 JD R / 1809

   No1 1809w06  No.1.  D (inspector) Khrasim Trapeznikov  / 3 R is third grade (flax)  БPAKOBЩIK passed inspection

No1
1810
w0
1

No.1.(post) Д (Inspector)

XPACИMЪ TPAПEЗHИKOBЪ
(KHRASIM TRAPEZNIKOV)

A. П
ЛЬНЯН:БPAK
3 JD P / 1810

A P = Archangel Port
LNYAN:BRAK (flax)
3 JD R / 1810

  No1 1810w01  No.1.  D (inspector) Khrasim Trapeznikov  / 3 R is third grade /  LNYAN:BRAK  inspected flax

No1
1810
w02

No.1.(post) Д (Inspector)

XPACИMЪ TPAПEЗHИKOBЪ
(KHRASIM TRAPEZNIKOV)

A. П
ЛЬНЯН:БPAK
2 JD P / 1810

A P = Archangel Port
LNYAN:BRAK (flax)
2 JD R / 1810

  No1 1810w02  No.1.  D (inspector) Khrasim Trapeznikov  / 2 R is second grade /  LNYAN:BRAK  inspected flax

No1

1810

w03

No.1.(post) Д (Inspector)

XPACИMЪ TPAПEЗHИKOBЪ
(KHRASIM TRAPEZNIKOV)

A. П
ЛЬНЯН:БPAK
3 JD P / 1810

A P = Archangel Port
LNYAN:BRAK (flax)
3 JD R / 1810

    No1 1810w03  No.1.  D (inspector) Khrasim Trapeznikov  / 3 R is third grade /  LNYAN:BRAK  inspected flax

No1

1810

w04

No.1.(post) Д (Inspector)

ИВАНЪ ІАКОВЪ

(IVAN JAKOV)

 

A. П
ЛЬНЯН:БPAK
2 JD P / 1810

A P = Archangel Port
LNYAN:BRAK (flax)
2 JD R / 1810

     No1 1810w04  No.1.  D (inspector) Ivan Jakov  / 2 R is second grade /  LNYAN:BRAK  inspected flax

No1
1813
w01

No.1.(post) Д (Inspector)

XPACИMЪ TPAПEЗHИKOBЪ
(KHRASIM TRAPEZNIKOV)

APXAH / ГEЛ : ПOP

ЛHЯ.2.PУ

1813  БJOC

ARKANGEL : PORT

LNYA.2.RU

1813  BJOS

  No1 1813w01   No.1.  D (inspector) Khrasim Trapeznikov  /  LNYA.2.RU is 2nd grade (flax)

IDS
1333

No.1.(post) Д (Inspector)

XPACИMЪ TPAПEЗHИKOBЪ
(KHRASIM TRAPEZNIKOV)

 ЛЬНЯНОЕ БPAKOBЩIK
1 JD P / 1809

LNYANOE (flax)

passed inspection
1 JD R / 1809

   IDS 1333  No.1.  D (inspector) Khrasim Trapeznikov  / 1 R is first grade (flax)  БPAKOBЩIK passed inspection

           
           

Found at West House Mills in Blubberhouses
Flax Bale Seals from Archangel, Russia

 These appear to be pewter and corrode badly

#

OBVERSE  click thumbnail

REVERSE click thumbnail

A

w01

A. П

B???HБ

БИHOBЪ

(VINOV)

A.П

(Archangel Port)

ЛHAБP

2 BD P 1810

 A P
LNYAN:BRAK
2 BD R
1810  (flax)

A

w02

A (*) П

(Archangel Port)

 ДECЯTCK

ЯCP     18??

ЛЬHЯHБPAK

3 JD P

L'NYAN:BRAK
3 JD R
(flax)

A

w03

A.П

ДECЯHK

Л:K

ЛЬHЯHБPAK

3 BD 1832

ПAKЛЯ

L'NYANBRAK

3 BD 1832

PAKLYA
(flax)

   Aw03.. this is ПAKЛЯ grade (Paklya, Codilla or Scutching Tow are the broken fibres

                    from the scutching and heckling process and are used for Tow yarns.)

A

w04

??

?EPЪ

BAЛIHЪ

(VALIN)

ЛБHЯH:БPAK

2 ЯC P

181?

LNYAN:BRAK

2 YaC P

181? (flax)

A

w05

faint

letters

ЛHЯHOE

БPAKOBЩ

3 ID P

180?

ЛHЯHOE
BRAKOVSHIK

  3 ID P

180? (flax)

   Aw05   ЛHЯHOE БPAKOBЩ, БPAKOBЩИK (LNYANOE BRAKOVSH) Flax passed inspection

A

w06

faint

letters

faint

letters

 

A

w07

faint

letters

ЛHЯHOE

БPAKOBШИK

3 JD P

1809

LNYANOE

BRAKOVSHIK

3 JD R

1809  (flax)

     Aw07   ЛHЯHOE БPAKOBЩ, БPAKOBЩИK (LNYANOE BRAKOVSHIK) Flax passed inspection

A

w08

faint

letters

faint

letters

 

A

w09

A. П.

(Archangel Port)

ДeСЯЦK

F?

A. П.

ЛHЯHБPAK

3 MD P

18??

A P

LNYAN:BRAK

3 MD R

18?? (flax)

A

w10

A. П.

(Archangel Port)

ДEСЯTCK

CA

A. П.

ЛЬHЯH.БP

3 J? P

18??

A P

LNYAN:BRAK

3 J? R

18?? (flax)

A

w11

A.П

 ДECЯHK

??

ЛHЯH:БPAK

LNYANBRAK

(flax)

A

w12

???

???

ЛЬHЯHPAK

2 JD P

1810

???

LNYANBRAK

2 JD R

1810 (flax)

A

w13

ДЕСЯ.

ИЛA.TPO

ИЦKiИ

(ILA.TROITSKY)

APX БP

KPONЬ

1"COPTЬ

EП 1838

ARKH. BR

Crown

1st SORT

EP 1838 (flax)

A

w14

?BAH?Ь ?AKOBЬ

IVAN JAKOV

????

J

J

A

w15

A. П.

(Archangel Port)

ДECЯmC

MK

A. П.

ЛHЯHБPAK

3 BD P

1831

A P

LNYAN:BRAK

3 BD R

1831 (flax)

A

w16

A. П.

ДECЯmC

?A

?P?

ЛЬHЯHБPAK

3 JD P

1809

R

LNYAN:BRAK

3 JD R

1809 (flax)

A

w17

A. П.

(Archangel Port)

ДEСЯTCK
??

A. П.

ЛЬHЯH.БP

3 J? P

18?6

A P

LNYAN:BRAK

3 J? R

18?6 (flax)

A

w18

  moved to No1 1809w05      

A

w19

APX ПОРT
ДЕСЯТ
??

ЛHЯHOE

БPAKOBШИK

2 JD P

1809

LNYANOE

BRAKOVSHIK

2 JD R

1809  (flax)

A

w20

????

APX.ПOP

ЛЬHЯH:БPAK

3 JD P

1810

ARCH:PORT
LNYAN:BRAK
3 JD R
1810   (flax)

A

w21

A. П.

(Archangel Port)

ДECЯTCK

??

APX.ПOP

ЛЬHЯH:БPAK

3 JD P

1810

 ARCH:PORT
LNYAN:BRAK
3 JD R
1810   (flax)

A

w22

A (*) П

 ДECЯTCK

?CL

APX.ПOP

ЛЬHЯHБPAK

2 JD P   1810

ARCH:PORT
LNYAN:BRAK
2 JD R
1810   (flax)

A

w23

??

A. П.

ЛHЯHБPAK

3 ЯC P

1822

 A  P
LNYAN:BRAK
3 YaS R
1822   (flax)

A

w24

A. П.

(Archangel Port)

ДECЯmC

MK

A. П.

ЛHЯHБPAK

3 BD P

1831

 A  P
LNYAN:BRAK
3 BD R
1831  (flax)

A
w25

Д
ПETPЪ
ЛГAЛИH

ЛHЯHOE--

БPAKOBШИK

3 JD P    1809    (flax)

Aw25

(Д= D =Inspector)  PETER  LGALIN

Linen passed inspection 3 JD R 1809  3rd grade

A
w26

A-П

ДECЯЦK

??

A:П.

ЛЬHЯH

2 PD P

1814

A P

LNYAN

2 PD R

1814     (flax)

A
w27

A. П.

ДECЯTCK

??

A:П

ЛЬHЯHБPAK

3 JD P

1809

A:P

LNYAN:BRAK

3 JD R

1809 (flax)

A
w28

ДЕСЯТ

ИЛЯА СО/БОЛЕВ
(ILYA SOBOLEV)

APX.БP
 КУДЕЛЬH
1:COPTЪ
 A P  1842

Archangel Brak

KUDEL'N
1st Sort (flax)
A P
1842

A
w29

APX. БP

ДЕСЯТH

МАТ.ПЛОТНИКОВ
MAT(VEUKO).PLOTNIKOV

APX.БP
 КУДЕЛЬH
1:COPTЪ
 M K  1842

Archangel Brak

KUDEL'N
1st Sort
(flax)
M K
1842

A
w30

ДЕСЯ:K

ОСНЪИП ЗВЯГИН
(OSN'IP ZVYAGIN)

???

???

A

w31

APX. БP

ДЕСЯТH

KOCTEP

ГИHЪ

APX. БP

KУДEЛЬH

1.COPTЪ

B Л D 1841

ARKH.BR

KUDEL'N

1st SORT
V.L.D

A
w32

Д
ПETPЪ / ВАТАЛIН

(PETR VATALIN)  

ЛHЯHO E-- БPAKOBШИK

2 JD P  (flax)

     1809

Aw32  Д= D =Inspector  PETER  VATALIN  Flax passed inspection 3 JD R 1809  2nd grade

A

w33

A. П.

(Archangel Port)

ДeСЯЦK

(intitials)

A. П.

ЛHЯHБPAK

3 ??  P

1802

A P

LNYAN:BRAK

3 ?? R

1802 (flax)

           
           

  This is Part One of Two ( Part Two here )

           

 

The B.ЛED Conundrum.

There are still some who think these Owner initials

 are written in Cyrilic  В.ЛЕД .  They are not.

It isn't a Cyrillic Д  but an old cursive form of D.

This annmoly D seems to occur only with these

particular Archangel seals from owner V.LED.

For VLED type Archangel seals click on here