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Russian Hemp Bale Seals from

Chester and Cheshire

 

 (45 seals found to date with 0 seals awaiting upload as of 8th April 2019)

 

   

 

  Chester and the Linen Trade

  In Chester two anchorages were accessible to smaller vessels after 1660: the quay and warehouses across the Roodee from the Watergate, and the anchorage near the Dee Bridge and old cheese warehouse. Shipbuilding was also well established on the Roodee. Thirty ships were owned at Chester in 1672, and at least 25 (totalling 1,925 tons) in 1701, though not all were locally built. The industry seems to have expanded during the 1690s, when the company of Drawers of Dee complained that a new shipyard would encroach on the ground where they hung their fishing nets. The number of roperies on the Roodee had also grown by the 1690s. Ships continued to be built on the Dee in the earlier 18th century, many intended for traders elsewhere, and a few shipwrights and ship's carpenters were freemen of the city.  The Roodee and Roman Quay wall are key features of interest. Sea-going ships used to sail up the River Dee estuary to Chester to a harbour located where the racecourse is today. But the Roodee silted up over time and has been used for horse racing since 1539. Latest thinking suggests the so-called Roman Quay wall, which can be seen below Nuns Road, may be just a Roman defensive structure.
   All traffic, however, was hindered by navigational hazards in the Dee, which despite repeated efforts from the 1660s were not removed until Nathaniel Kinderley's new cut along the Welsh shore was opened in 1737. The reopening of the Dee did not halt Chester's relative decline as a port. About 1701 its ship-owners had only 25 vessels, and in the early 1710s the total tonnage, no more than 3,400, was less than half that owned at Liverpool. By the 1730s it had fallen to c. 1,650 tons, barely a tenth of Liverpool's total, and in the late 1750s Chester's 1,000-1,400 tons was scarcely a twentieth of Liverpool's fleet. The tonnage of all Chester's foreign and Irish trade, which in the 1710s had reached at least 9,500 tons both inward and outward, seldom exceeded 6,000 tons each way from the 1730s to the 1750s.
 In the early 18th century much of the Irish linen went through the port of Chester, this reached it's zenith in the mid 18th century, but much of the trade moved to Liverpool.

 


Chester
 Flax and Hemp Bale Seals from Cheshire  

 Inspectors and Posts

for Chester & District

 

 

 Babonin.T       1790  73

 Bashchenkov.K   1790  84

 Chegodan.F      1795  63

 Eremeev.?       17?? 328

 Ershev          1772  84

 Ershev          1768 116

 Ershev          1778 116

 Gavchelov       1780  22

 Glushkov.I      1791 161

 Ivanov.E        1794  75

 Kozlov.Ya       1794  58

 Krutoi.R        1788  42

 Kryukov         1763   8

 Kuchin.A        1???  24

 Labushev.A      1777 308

 Levoshev.E      1794  50

 Malinkoi        1778  52

 Mesnikov        1784 421

 No 4            1752   4

 N 17            175?  17

 N 19            1759  19

 N 29            1760  29

 N 42            1759  42

 No 39           1757  39

 N 70            1760  70

 Nemilov.B       1787 207

 Pirozhnikov.E   1787  41

 Romanov         1775  88

 Sarathanikov    1777 217

 Shakhonov.?     1766  77

 Shchipochev.A   1798  12

 Shchogolev.P    1814  64

 Simonov         1777   8

 Varzov          1778 323

 Vorob'ev        1775 118

 Vurevkoi.P      ??40 111

 Zamorin.S       1777  25

 Zems'koi        1774  51

 

 

 

Posts / Inspectors / #

for Chester & Cheshire

 

  4 No 4           IDS547

  8 Kryukov        IDS588

  8 Simonov (Arch) IDS949

 12 A.Shchipochev  IDS1086

 17 N 17           IDS1011

 19 N 19           IDS950

 22 Gavchelov      IDS905

 24 A.Kuchin       IDS998

 25 S.Zamorin      IDS509

 29 N 29           IDS718

 39 No 39          IDS811

 41 E.Pirozhnikov  IDS504

 42 N 42           IDS502

 42 R.Krutoi       IDS551

 50 E.Levoshev     IDS407

 51 Zems'koi       IDS1265

 52 Malinkoi       IDS486

 58 Ya.Kozlov      IDS503

 63 F.Chegodan     IDS1012

 64 P.Shchogolev   IDS65

 70 N 70           IDS995

 73 T.Babonin      IDS512

 75 E.Ivanov       IDS406

 77 ?.Shakhonov    IDS1273

 84 K.Bashchenkov  IDS513

 84 Ershev         IDS1467

 88 Romanov        IDS505

111 P.Vurevkoi     IDS270

118 Vorob'ev       IDS514

116 Ershev         IDS483

116 Ershev         IDS1472

161 I.Glushkov     IDS507

207 B.Nemilov      IDS77

217 Sarathanikov   IDS892

308 A.Labushev     IDS1005

323 Varzov         IDS485

323 Varzov         IDS825

328 ?.Eremeev      IDS120

421 Mesnikov       IDS860

#

OBVERSE  click thumbnail

REVERSE click thumbnail

IDS

65

Chester

ЛД = LD

П. ЩOГOЛEB

(P.SHCHOGOLEV)

H64

NP

AБ12H

1814

64

post
(flax)

IDS

77

Cheshire

ПД = PD

 Б.HEMИЛOB

 (B.NEMILOV)

H207

SPB

LGKPH

1787

207

post
(hemp)

IDS

120

Warrington

 Д? = D?

?.EPEMEE

(?.EREMEEV)

H328

NP

JM9?

17--

328
post
(flax)

IDS

132

Weatherham

ПД = PD

П.BУPEBKOИ

(P.VUREVKOI)

H111

SPB

Ho._1

?.W.

??40

111
post
(hemp)

IDS

270

Cheshire

quartered

+ shield with

5/5/-/- pellets

12K

WLT

Baltic States
(Krown flax)

IDS

406

Tarvin

ЛД = LD

E:ИBAHOBЬ

(E:IVANOV)

H75

NP

MӨ12H

1794

75

post

(flax)

IDS

407

Tarvin

ЛД = LD

E:ЛEBOШEB

(E:LEVOSHEV)

H50

NP

AP12H

1794

50

post

(flax)

IDS

483

Chester

ДB = DV

EPШEBЬ

(ERSHEV)

H116

NP

H-P12K

1770

116

post

(flax)

Vologda

IDS

485

Chester

ДC = DS

BAPЗOBЬ

(VARZOV)

H323

NP

IR12H

1778
(crescent)

323

post
(flax)

IDS

486

Chester

  ДБ = DB

MAЛИHKOИ

(MALINKOI)

H52

NP

IR12K

1778
(crescent)

52

post

(flax)

IDS

502

Chester

N

42

ИP

AN12AO

1759

42

post
(flax)

IDS

503

Chester

ЛД = LD

Я.KOЗЛOBЬ

(Ya.KOZLOV)

H58

NP

BK12H

1796

58

post
(flax)

IDS

504

Chester

ЛД = LD

E.ПИPOЖHИ:

(E.PIROZHNIKOV)

H41

WK

IH12H

1787
(crescent)

41

post
(flax)

IDS
505

Chester

ДC = DS
POMAHOBЬ
(ROMANOV)
H88

N:P
DH:12K
1775

88
post
(flax)

IDS

507

Chester

ПД = PD

И.ГЛУШKOBЬ

(I.GLUSHKOV)

H161

SPB

?HRH

1791

161

post

(hemp)

IDS

509

Cheshire

ЛД = LD

C:ЗAMOPИHЬ

(S.ZAMORIN)

H25

NP

DK12K

1777

25

post
(flax)

IDS

511

Cheshire

ЛД = LD

P.KPУTOИ

(R.KRUTOI)

H42

HP

?K12H

1788

42
post
(flax)

IDS

512

Cheshire

ЛД = LD

T.БAБOHИH

(T.BABONIN)

H73

NP

MӨ12H

1790

73

post
(flax)

IDS

513

Cheshire

ЛД = LD

K.БAЩEHKOB

(K.BASHCHENKOV)

H84

NP

CH12H

1790

84
post
(flax)

IDS

514

Cheshire

ДH = DN

BOPOБЬEBЬ

(VOROB'EV)

H118

NP

ДH12H

1775

118
post
(flax)

IDS

547

Chester

No 4

NP

S.1.2.B

1752

4

post
(flax)

IDS
588

Tarvin

ДE = DE
KPЮKOB
(KRYUKOV)
H8

NP

MП12H
1763

8

post
(flax)

IDS
635

Nantwich

Cross quartered
+ shield with
5/5/-/- pellets

WB
12K

Baltic States
(Krown flax)

IDS

718

Mollington

N

29

WK

AN9Ao

1760

  29

post
(flax)

IDS
797

Nantwich

quartered
+ shield with
5/5/-/- pellets

12.K

TM

Riga, Narva
Baltic States
(Krown flax)

IDS
811
Chester

No 39

SPB

IRHB

1757

39
post
(hemp)

IDS
823 Cheshire

blank

Russian State

St Petersburg

Customs Tax Seal

CAHKTПETEPБУ:ПP:T

St Petersburg : Port : T

1793

Ю T = Yu T

IDS

825
Stamford

ДC = DS

BAPЗOBЬ

(VARZOV)

H323

NP

МѲ12H

1778
(symbol)

323

post
(flax)

IDS
860
Chester

ДП = DP
МЕСНИКОВЪ
(MESNIKOV)
Н421

SPB
ARRH
1784

421

post
(hemp)

IDS

892
Malpas

ДИ = DI
САРАӨАНИКОВЬ
(SARATHANIKOV)
H217

SPB
АIПRH
1777

217

post
(Hemp)

IDS

905

Cheshire

AП = AP

ГABЧEЛOBЬ

(GAVCHELOV)

H22

NP

MM12H

1780

Crescent

22

post
(flax)

IDS
949

Chester

APXД
KPeSЛAmЬ
CИMOHOB
8

SPB
Г Г RH
1777

8
post
(Rein Hemp)

    IDS 909 Archangel Inspector Simonov

IDS

950

Chester

N
19

NP

AN12AO

1759

19

post
(flax)

IDS
992
Marton

quartered
cross shield with
4/4/-/- annulets

C.M

12.K

 Baltic States
 (Krown flax)

IDS
995
Daresbury

N

70

NP

AN9Ao

1760

70

post
(flax)

IDS
998
Marton

ЛД = LD
A.KУЧИHЬ
(A.KUCHIN)
H24

NP
PF12H
1???

24

post

(hemp)

IDS
1005
Chester

ДB = DV
A.ЛAБ
УШE

(A.LABUSHEV)

H308

NP

DH12K

1777

anchor

308
post
(flax)

IDS 1005 - ДB = DV flax inspector in Vologda - the anchor is "anchored in my faith in Jesus"

IDS
1011
Cheshire

N

17

WK
AN9ПS

175?

17
post
(flax)

IDS
1012
Cheshire

ЛД = LD

Ф.ЧEГOДAHЬ

(F.CHEGODAN)
H63

NP
  ФH12H

1795
key

63

post
(flax)

IDS
1019
Chester

quartered
+ shield with
-/-/-/-/ pellets

WLT

ligature

12K

Baltic States
 (Krown flax)

IDS
1047
Cheshire

1799 Russian Tax

Ю City Arms T

 САНКТПЕТРБПОТ

St Petersburg Port

Blank

-

IDS
1086
Chester

ЛД = LD

А.ЩИПОЧЕВ

(A.SHCHIPOCHEV)

H12

NP

MM12H

1798

12

post
(flax)

IDS

1265
Chester

ДЛ = DL

ЗEMCЬKOИ

(ZEMS'KOI)

H51

NP

IГ12H

1774

51

post
(flax)

IDS

1273
Cheshire

ДФ =DF

?.ШАХОNOB

(?.SHAKHONOV)

H77

NP

МП12H

1766

77

post
(flax)

IDS

1467
Chester

ДI = DI
ЕРШЕВЪ
(ERSHEV)
H84

NP
MP12H
1772

H84
post
(flax)

IDS
1468
Chester

Cross quartered

+ shield with
-/-/-/- pellets

W.L.T
1ZK

(12K)

Baltic States
(Krown flax)

IDS
1469
Chester

Cross quartered

+ shield with
?/?/?/?- pellets

distorted

Baltic States
(Krown flax)

IDS
1470
Chester

Cross quartered

+ shield with
?/?/?/?- pellets

distorted

Baltic States
(Krown flax)

IDS

1472
Chester

ДB = DV
ЕРШЕВЪ
(ERSHEV)
H116

NP
FL9H
1768

H116
post
(flax)

Vologda

IDS
1473
Chester

quartered
+ shield with
5/5/-/- pellets

WB

(ligature)
12K

Baltic States

(Krown flax)

IDS

1550
Cheshire

ЛД = LD

?????????

H???

NP

??12H
1763

??

post
(flax)

IDS
1599
Tattenhall

РИГСК.ТА.ОТ.ТО
1804
Ю bell T

usually

blank

tax seal

  45        
#

OBVERSE  click thumbnail

REVERSE click thumbnail
           

 

 

  About PeaceHavens - This database is an ongoing project involving the daily finding and identification of Russian Lead Flax Bale Seals from the old disused 18th/19th century Flax Mills of the Industrial Revolution in the UK.    For many decades in the 18th & 19th centuries, Russia was by far the world's greatest exporter of these flax stems via Archangel, Konigsberg, Kronstadt, Libnau, Memel, Narva, Pernau, Revel, Riga, St Petersburg, Tilsit, Windau and Great Britain was Russia's major customer. Every bale of flax stems was fastened together with a lead seal by a quality control inspector. The discarded stems of the flax with seals still attached were prized as fertilizer by local farmers and were spread onto the land mixed with night soil manure.

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