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Copyright 2020 © Ged Dodd

 aka PeaceHavens Project
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Russian Flax/Hemp Bale Seals

  

 Circular Dated Seals

 Russian Crosslet Seals

 

   Deciphering Circular Dated Seals

 - Russian Crosslet Seals

  Circular Dated Seals are City Customs House Department Goods Seals

for various cities and district in the Russian Empire. Examples below

are from Kovensky, Revel, Riga, St Petersburg, Taurage and others.

 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ ---------------------------------------------  

The date can be read in two ways .

1829

1815

  

 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ ---------------------------------------------  

  St Petersburg  *C.П.Б.TA.OTP.TOB,   "C.П.Б.T.OT.TO  or  "C.П.Б.TA.OTП.TO

  C.П.Б (St Petersburg) TAMOЖHЯ (Customs) OTPACЛЬ (Department) TOBAP (Goods)

  C.П.Б (St Petersburg) TAMOЖHЯ (Customs) OTAPCЛЬ (Department) TOBAP (Goods)

IDS
262

*C.П.Б.T.OT.TO
1835

Thistle

blank

St Petersburg

      ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ ---------------------------------------------  

   Riga  *РИЖОИ.ТА.ОТ.ТО sometimes *РИГСК.ТА.ОТ.ТО or *РИЖОИ.ПЕН.ТО

  РИЖОИ (Riga) TAMOЖHЯ (Customs) OTPACЛЬ (Department) TOBAP (Goods)

  РИЖОИ (Riga) TAMOЖHЯ (Customs) OTPACЛЬ (Department) TOBAP (Goods)

  РИГСК (Riga) TAMOЖHЯ (Customs) OTPACЛЬ (Department) TOBAP (Goods)

  РИЖОИ (Riga) TAMOЖHЯ (Customs) ПЕНKA (Hemp) TOBAP (Goods)

IDS
681

T.PИ????? (Riga)
1815
shield with base
of an anchor

blank
Riga

IDS
1108

РИЖCK.ТА.ОТ.ТО

1829

flower

blank
two pellets
Riga

IDS
1376

РИГСК.ТА.ОТ.ТО

182(9)

shield in centre

two pellets

usually blank

Riga

IDS
1195

*РИЖОИ.ТА.ПЕН.Т
large oval
1808

Blank
Riga

large oval
ПЕН

 Hemp

           
           

 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ ---------------------------------------------  

   Revel *РЕВЕ.Т.ПР.T

  РEBEЛ (Revel) TAMOЖHЯ (Customs) ПPодуктов питания (Foodstuffs) TOBAP (Goods)

IDS
1214

*РЕВЕ.Т.ПР.T
(cross in shield)
1804

Russian State Arms
(Revel Customs Tax

for Foodstuffs)

+
shield

                   
   ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ ---------------------------------------------  

    КЯХТА (Kyakhta) In 1792, customs from Irkutsk was transferred to Kyakhta. Through Kyakhta, cloth, manufactory, fur products and yuft (a type of Russian leather) were exported to China, The region where Kyakhta stands is a natural location for Russo-Chinese trade. The Siberian River Routes connect the fur-bearing lands of Siberia to Lake Baikal. From there, the Selenga River valley is the natural route through the mountains southeast of Lake Baikal out onto the plains of Mongolia.  It also has textile, lumber, and food-processing plants. Imports from China were mainly tea, with silk and cotton fabrics and porcelain delivered in small quantities. For a long time (about a century) it was Kyakhta who supplied tea to all of Russia and almost had a monopoly on Western Europe3 (With help from Tanya Flow).

  КЯХТА.ТА.ПРИВ.Т

   КЯХТА.TAMOЖHЯ (Customs). ПРОДУКТЫ ПИТАНИЯ (Food Stuffs). TOBAP (Goods)

IDS
1939

*КЯХТА.ТА.ПРИВ.Т

flower

1852

blank
worn smooth

-

KRX
01

*КЯХТА.Т.ПРИВ.Т

flower

1854

blank
worn smooth

-

KRX
02

(anchor) КЯХТА.Т.ПРИ.Т

flower

1826

double
headed
eagle

anchor

KRX
03

*КЯХТА.Т.ПРИВ.Т

flower

1883

blank
worn smooth

-

  Kyatinskaya (KЯXТИНСК) (Kyakhtinskaya customs)

KRX
04

*KЯXТИНСК.Т

food bowl

1813

Russian State Arms
(Kyakhta Customs
Inspected Foodstuffs)

  KRX04  * probably Кяхтинская таможня (Kyakhtinskaya customs).  

KRX
05

*KЯXТ.ТА.ПР.Т.

flower

1845

Russian State Arms
(Kyakhta Customs
Inspected Foodstuffs)

-

  KRX05  *KЯXТ.ТА.ПР.Т. is КYAKHTA. TA.MOЖHЯ (Customs). ПРОДУКТЫ ПИТАНИЯ (Food Stuffs). TOBAP (Goods) ... however it may be "ТАможня ПРИграничной ТОрговли" (frontier trade customs). and Tanya Flow informs me that in Russia since 1811, 11 customs districts were formed along the European border, to which another 2 districts were added in 1816, and in 1818 three (subsequently 4) districts along the Asian border." So the letters ТО could mean ТАМОЖЕННЫЙ ОКРУГ (Custom District), as well as ТОВАРЫ (goods). However one should note what looks like a To on the seal is probably T o where o replaces the normal * separator.

           
           
           
Other Kyakhta Seals
-
1854 1857 -

IDS
1205

Double Headed Eagle
(Tea for the fur trappers)

ИРКУТСК / ЧАЙ / 1894
IRKUTSK / TEA / 1894
see MOC 10 on Moscow

           

 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ ---------------------------------------------  

  Kolnn *ПОЛНН.Т.ПР.Т

   ПОЛНН (Kolnn) TAMOЖHЯ (Customs) ПPодуктов питания (Foodstuffs) TOBAP (Goods)

IDS

1937

*ПОЛНН.Т.ПР.Т
symbol
1838 (1938)

Double
Headed
Eagle

-

           

 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ ---------------------------------------------  

  Koven *KOBEN.Т.И.П.П (Kovensky admin of Kaunes in Lithuania)

   KOBEH (Kovensky) Иитания (Goods) ПEHKA (Hemp) ПOBAP (Goods)

IDS
1368

*KOBEN.Т.И.П.П
(KOVEN.T.I.P.P)
(8 petal flower)
1844

Russian State Arms
(Koven Customs
Hemp Goods)

           
 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ ---------------------------------------------  

  Taurage **ТАУР.Т.Д.ОТРѢ.ПP (Taurage Cutoms )

   ТАУР (Taurage) TAMOЖHЯ (Customs) ДЕСЯТНИК (Inspector) ОТРѢCЛЬ (Department)

   ПPодуктов питания (foodstuffs).

IDS
1377

*ТАУР.Т.Д.ОТРѢ.ПP

1855

Russian State Arms
(Taurage Customs
Inspected Foodstuffs)

  ‘H1’ in square on the Tax seal is Nicholas I (1825-1855),   'A11' is Alexander II (1855-1881),

IDS
1938

*ТАУРO.Т.ПPИ.T

flower

1845

Russian State Arms
(Taurage Customs
Inspected Foodstuffs)

-

  IDS 1938  *ТАУРO (Taurage) TAMOЖHЯ (Customs)  ПPодуктов Иитания (Foodstuffs) TOBAP (Goods)

           
           
           
           

   

 

   Circular Dated Seals found in the UK .. St Petersburg. *C.П.Б.TA.OT.TOB

   CПБ is St Petersburg, TAMOЖHЯ is Customs, OTPACЛЬ is Department, TOBAP = Goods

#

OBVERSE  click thumbnail

REVERSE click thumbnail

Notes

IDS

259

*C.Б.TA.OTP.TO

cross in 8 point star

1828

Blank

St Petersburg

Hihosilver
Keynsham
Somerset

IDS

260

*C.Б.TA.OT.TOB

Flax Flower

1827

Blank

St Petersburg

Crepitis
Scotland

IDS

261

*C.Б.T.OT.TO

hole damage

1832

Blank
Hole
St Petersburg

DaveA
Hertfordshire

IDS

262

*C.П.Б.T.OT.TO
Thistle
1835

Blank

St Petersburg

Mark Selby
Perthshire
Bagseals.org

IDS

263

*C.Б.TA.OTP.TO

8 sided star - cross

1828

Blank

St Petersburg

Ossie
Dorset

IDS

331

*C.П.Б.T.OT.TO

1818

blank
6*

David Powell
UK

IDS

994

*C.П.Б.T.OT.TO
Thistle
1855

Blank

Thistle

Andre Ray

Nottinghamshire

IDS

1050

*C.П.Б.TA.OTP.TOB
Shield
1828

Blank

Shield

Stu Reid
Balmullo
Fife KY16

IDS
1193

*C.П.Б.T.OT.TO
orthodox cross
1825

Blank
St Petersburg

Dave Haffenden Colchester
bagseals.org

IDS
1194

*C.П.Б.TA.OTП.TO
unreadable symbol
(ОТПРАВКА) = Shipment

Blank
St Petersburg

unreadable

Dave Haffenden Colchester
bagseals.org

IDS
1195

*РИЖОИ.ТА.ПЕН.Т
large oval
1808

Blank
Riga

large oval
ПЕН

 Hemp

PWS
Colchester
bagseals.org

IDS
1196

*C.П.Б.T.OTП.T
unreadable symbol
1825

Blank
St Petersburg

unreadable

Tattooed
Detectorist
bagseals.org

IDS

1197

*C.П.TA.OTP.TO
cross in 8 point star
1828

Blank

St Petersburg

HiHoSilver
Bristol
bagseals.org

IDS

1253

*C.П.Б.TA.OTP.TO
1823

Blank
Eight sided star with
internal Orthodox Cross

Kevin Pearce
Coventry Area

IDS
2007

*C.П.Б.TA.OT.TOB
Cross
1825

Blank

-

George L. Ross
Swanland, Hull

IDS
2061

*C.П.Б.T.OTП.TO

(*S.P.B.T.OTP.TO)
(ОТПРАВКА) = Shipment
1816

Blank
St Petersburg

unreadable

Dean Hindmarsh
New Hartley
Seaton Sluice
Northumberland

             
             


   Circular Dated Custom Seals found at Aked High Mill (Probably from Riga).

#

OBVERSE  click thumbnail

REVERSE click thumbnail

Notes

1815

Circ01

???T.PИ?? (Riga)

1815

shield with (crescent)

blank

Crescent moon

Riga

Circular Dated Custom

Seals (Russian Crosslet)

Issued at Riga

  ???OИ.T.PИ???

           
 
  Circular Dated Custom Seals found at Brompton Mills (Probably from Riga).

#

OBVERSE  click thumbnail

REVERSE click thumbnail

Notes

  РИЖОИ.ТА.ОТ.ТО  //  РИЖОИ = Riga  //  TAMOЖHЯ. = Customs  / / OTPACЛЬ. = Department  //  TOBAP = Goods

CD
1815
001

???????

1815

circular dated

shield with crescent

blank

Crescent

anchor base

CD
1815
002

РИЖОИ.ТА.ОТ.ТО

1815

read clockwise

shield with sphere

blank

CD
1815
003

????????

1815

read clockwise

shield

blank

 

 

   Circular Dated Custom Seals found at Knaresborough (the city name appears to start with a T).

#

OBVERSE  click thumbnail

REVERSE click thumbnail

Notes

IDS

2060

 *T??????.ТО

1818

horseshoe

blank

Mike Jarman
.ТО could mean ТАМОЖЕННЫЙ ОКРУГ (Custom District), or ТОВАРЫ (goods)
       

   Circular Dated Custom Seals found at West House Mills (Probably from Riga).

#

OBVERSE  click thumbnail

REVERSE click thumbnail

Notes

CDS

01

???T.PИ? (Riga)

1815

shield with crescent

blank

Crescent moon

 

Circular dated also called

 Russian Crosslet Seals.

 

Usually these are

variations issued

by St Petersburg

*C.П.Б. T. OT. TO

  *C.П.Б.TA.OTP.TOB

----

But these seals may have

been issued at Riga

  ???OИ.T.PИ???

 

Crescents could well be

the bases of anchors.

Christians anchoring

their faith in Jesus Christ

 

CDS

02

??.TA.?(Riga)

181?

shield

blank

shield

CDS

03

??OИ.T? (Riga)

1 8 1 5

shield with crescent

blank

Crescent moon

CDS

04

?????И??????

1 8 1 5

shield

blank
shield

   Circular Dated Seals in Ident Service for Private Subscribers (St Petersburg)

#

OBVERSE  click thumbnail

REVERSE click thumbnail

Notes

IDS
636

*C.П.Б.T.OT.TO

1815

(SPB.T.OT.TO)

trident
PM
1815

eBay

IDS
717

*C.П.Б.TA.OTP.TOB
Flax Flower
1826

Blank

Flax

Flower

 eBay

IDS
1
219

unreadable
tiny oval
1809

Russian State Arms

+

eBay

IDS 1253   CПБ. (St Petersburg) TAMOЖHЯ. (Customs) OTPACЛЬ.(Department) TOBAP (Goods)

IDS
1304

*C.П.Б.T.OT.TO
Shield with Cross +
1832

Blank

Jos Hagens
Loden Penningen
Meteaux

IDS
1311

*C.П.Б.T.OT.TO
Shield with Cross +
1832

no photo

Blank

Pieter de Break
Netherlands

IDS
1376

РИГСК.ТА.ОТ.ТО

182(9)

shield in centre

two pellets

usually blank

Riga

Kenneth Olsen
Vestfold
Norway

   IDS 1376    РИГСК (Riga) TAMOЖHЯ (Customs) OTPACЛЬ (Department) TOBAP (Goods)

IDS

1872

*C.П.Б.T.OT.TO
Cross
1842

Blank

Amsterdam
Netherlands

   IDS 1872  C.П.Б (St Petersburg) TAMOЖHЯ (Customs) OTAPCЛЬ (Department) TOBAP (Goods)

IDS

1936

*C.П.Б.T.OT.TO
Cross
1809

Blank

Pat de Ruijter
Netherlands

   IDS 1936  C.П.Б (St Petersburg) TAMOЖHЯ (Customs) OTAPCЛЬ (Department) TOBAP (Goods)

IDS
1941

*C.П.Б.TA.OT.TOB
Cross
1809

Blank

-

Pat de Ruijter
Netherlands

   IDS 1941  C.П.Б (St Petersburg) TAMOЖHЯ (Customs) OTAPCЛЬ (Department) TOBAP (Goods)

             
             
 
 Circular Dated also called  Russian Crosslet Seals.

*C.П.Б.T.OT.TO

*SPB.T.OT.TO

*C.П.Б.T.OTП.TO

   CПБ.TA.OTP.TOB

  РИЖОИ.ТА.ОТ.ТО

 РИЖОИ.ТА.ПЕН.Т

 

CПБ.= St Petersburg

  РИЖОИ = Riga

T or TAMOЖHЯ. = Customs

OTP or  OTPACЛЬ. = Department

OTП. (ОТПРАВКА) = Shipment

 ПЕНKA = Hemp

ПP = Foodstuffs

ТО, ТАМОЖЕННЫЙ ОКРУГ (Custom District)

TOBAP = Goods

 

 

 

   

Seal Crimping Tools

 

 These are old brass crimping pliers for seals .. they have two hard faced interchangeable dies .. one fitted in each side. Each flax inspector had their own die and each Grower/Owner/Agent had their own die positioned on either side of the pliers .. both were removable and interchangeable.

Seal Crimping Tongs in Lakenhal Museum in Lieden

   ..with stylised ship hulls and curious bulbous shapes .. like fish .. perhaps Christian

      

 

 

Copyright 2020 © Ged Dodd

 aka PeaceHavens Project
Click here for the terms
of free copy & share &
supporting your Project