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Russian Flax/Hemp Bale Seals

Folly Gill Mill - Thornthwaite

 (15 seals found to date with 0 seals awaiting upload as of 12th January 2018)

 

 

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    About PeaceHavens - This database is an ongoing project involving the daily finding and identification of Russian Lead Flax Bale Seals from the old disused 18th/19th century Flax Mills of the Industrial Revolution in the UK.     For many decades in the 18th & 19th centuries, Russia was by far the world's greatest exporter of these flax stems via Archangel, Konigsberg, Kronstadt, Libnau, Memel, Narva, Pernau, Reval, Riga, St Petersburg, Tilsit and Great Britain was Russia's major customer.. Every bale of flax stems was fastened together with a lead seal by a quality control inspector. The discarded stems of the flax with seals still attached were prized as fertilizer by farmers and were spread onto the land mixed with night soil manure.

 

 

Russian Lead Flax/Hemp Bale Seals from

Folly Ghyll Mill in Thornthwaite

The lack of flax bale seals found would suggest this mill used mainly hemp

thread  processed at other mills to make ropes and twine with the adjoining

Rope Walk and is actually a Twine (Hemp) Mill as shown in this old map.

 

 

Lead Flax Bale Seals from Baltic States

There are more Baltic States seals on the other sites

 

Weather Forecast

 

 

The first seal from the site

found on 16th Sept 2013

 

 

 

Modern Cyrillic Alphabet

 

A=A,  B=V,  Б=B,   C=S,

Ч=CH, Д=D,   E=A,  И=E,

Ё=O,  Э=EH,  Ф=F,  Г=G,

H=N, K=K,  Л=L,  M=M,

O=O, Ө=F,Th.  П=P, Р=R,

Ж=ZH,  Ш=SH,  Щ=SHCH,

T=T,  Ц=TS,  У=U,  Ю=YU,

Я= YA, ѣ=YE,  Х= KH,

З = Z,  Ы = Y,  Ь Ъ=' "

 

 

Inspectors and Posts

for Folly Gill Mill

 

Names and dates in purple

are from Folly Gill Mill.

 

   Chernikov.T    182? 18

   Kalashnikov.N  1830 74

   Kuchkov.A      1825 62

   Savostin.V     18?? 84

   Shipachev.A    1822 90

   Varzov.I       1817 31

 

 

 

Posts / Inspectors / #

for Folly Gill Mill

 

 18 T.Chernikov   182?#F01

 31 I.Varzov      1817#F01

 62 A.Kuchkov     1825#F01

 74 N.Kalashnikov 1830#FC01

 84 V.Savostin    18??#FC01

 90 A.Shipochev   1822#F01

 

- - - - - - - - - - - - - -

How the seals got

into the fields

 

The discarded stalks of the flax with

a bale seal still attached were highly

 prized as fertilizer by local farmers

and they were spread on to the land

mixed in human & animal excrement.

 

 

------------------

Recommended

Bed & Breakfast

Scaife Hall Farm, Blubberhouses

Contact Christine, Hardisty Hill,

 Blubberhouses, Otley. LS21 2PL
Telephone  01943 880354

 

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History

#

OBVERSE  click thumbnail

REVERSE click thumbnail

Bal

F01

quartered
+ shield with
5/5/-/- pellets

I.G

12K

Riga

Narva

Bal

F02

quartered

+ shield with

6/6/-/- pellets

CR

12

Riga

Narva

Bal

F03

quartered

+ shield with

1/1/1/1 pellets

CQ

12K

Riga

Narva

Lead Flax Bale Seals from Riga, Latvia

There are more Riga seals on the other sites

#

OBVERSE  click thumbnail

REVERSE click thumbnail

Keys

F01

+

 crossed keys

1

scallops

Riga

 

 

 

 

 

 

Archangel Manager Seals

APX  ПOP = Archangel Port

ДЕСЯТ (ДЕСЯТНИК) Manager in charge of ten people

  Most Bale Seals are 11-12 grams - Manager Seals are 23-24 grams

#

OBVERSE  click thumbnail

REVERSE click thumbnail

Man

FG01

KУДEЛЬ

1"COPT (1st Sort)

BOЛOГДA

Г.Г

ХИЛЛCЪ

И BИШAУ

1862 П

  ХИЛЛCЪ И BИШAУ = KHILLS & VISHAU = HILLS & WISHAW ..  VOLOGDA REGION

Man

FG02

APX БPA

ДECЯT

AHДPѣИ

ПЛOTHIK

APX ПOP

KУДѣЛЯ

1"COPTЪ

Я. K. 1867

Man FG02   ДECЯT AHДPѣИ ПЛOTHIK = Mngr Andrew Plotnik

Man

FG03

APX ПOP

ДECЯTCK

ЯKOBЪ

XOXЛOBЪ

APX ПOP

KУДѣЛЯ

1"COPTЪ

Я. K. 1867

 Man FG03  ДECЯTCK ЯKOBЪ XOXЛOBЪ = Mngr Yakov Khokhlov

Man

FG04

APX ПOP

ДECЯTCK

------

------

APX ПOP

KUДEЛЯ

2"COPTЪ

B.? 1868

 KUDYELYA, (KУДѣЛЯ) (Tow) is the broken part of flax or hemp after  heckling.

Man

FG05

APX ПOP

ДECЯTCK

ВАСИЛIИ
СЕДЕЛЬНИКОВЪ

APX ПOP

KУДѣЛЯ

2"COPTЪ

Я. K. 1867

FG05  ДECЯTCK ВАСИЛIИ СЕДЕЛЬНИКОВЪ = Mngr Vasilii Sedel'nikov
         

1817 NP

Letters in this colour are inferred from other seals found elsewhere

#

OBVERSE  click thumbnail

REVERSE click thumbnail

1817

F01

ЛД = LD

И.ВАРЗОВЪ
(I.VARZOV)
H31

NP

IS9H

1817

31

post
(flax)

           
 

18?? CПБ may be 1829 - 1838

Letters in this colour are inferred from other seals found elsewhere

#

OBVERSE  click thumbnail

REVERSE click thumbnail

18??

FC01

ЛД = LD

B.CABOCTИHЪ

(V.SAVOSTIN)

H84

CПБ

HoП.2

B.K.

18??

84

post
(flax)

 

 

 

 

 

182? may be 1820 - 1828

Letters in this colour are inferred from other seals found elsewhere

#

OBVERSE  click thumbnail

REVERSE click thumbnail

182?

F01

ЛД = LD

T.ЧEPHИKOB

(T.CHERNIKOV)

H18

WU

FW9H

182?

18

post
(flax)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1822

F01

ЛД = LD

A:ШИПAЧOBЬ

(A.SHIPACHEV)

H90

WU

ICБ9H

1822

90

post
(flax)

1825

F01

ЛД = LD

A.KУЧKOBЬ

(A.KUCHKOV)

H62

WU

??12H

1825

62

post
(flax)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1830 CПБ

Letters in this colour are inferred from other seals found elsewhere

#

OBVERSE  click thumbnail

REVERSE click thumbnail

1830

FC01

ЛД = LD

H.KALAШHИKOB

(N.KALASHNIKOV)

N74

CПБ

HoП.2

A.Б.

1830

74

post
(flax)

         

 

Initials of Russian Growers / Owners / Agents for Folly Gill
Initial Port Year Site # Inspector Post Grade -
?? 1825F03 1825 Folly Gill LD A.Kuchkov 62 ??12H WU (flax)

A.Б

CПБ1830FC01

1830

Folly Gill

LD

N.Kalashnikov 74 HoП.2 CПБ (flax)
BK CПБFC01 18?? Folly Gill LD V.Savostin 84 HoП.2 CПБ (flax)
FW 182?F01 1822 Folly Gill LD T.Chernikov 18 FW9H WU (flax)
ICБ 1822F01 1822 Folly Gill

LD

A.Shipachev 90 ICБ9H WU (flax)

IS

1817F01

1817

Folly Gill

LD

I.Varzov

31

IS9H

NP (flax)

ЯK

ManFG02

1867

Folly Gill

ARCH

Andrew Plotnik

--

1 sort

Kudelya

ЯK

ManFG03

1867

Folly Gill

ARCH

Yakov Khokhlov

--

1 sort

Kudelya

ЯK

ManFG05

1867

Folly Gill

ARCH

Vasilii Sedel'nikov

--

2 sort

Kudelya

                 
Baltic States Quartered Cross Shields for Folly Gill
C.R Bal F02 - Folly Gill - 6/6/-/- pellets - 12  (flax)
C.Q Bal F03 - Folly Gill - 1/1/1/1 pellets - 12K  (flax)
I.G Bal F01 - Folly Gill - 5/5/-/- pellets - 12K  (flax)
                 

 

 

Folly Ghyll Mill Water Wheel

 

 

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