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West End Low Mill (Hemp)

     This map is dated 1890 and shows the mill which is now completely submerged under the waters of Thruscross reservoir since the early 1960's .. no seals have been found for this mill because it was a hemp mill .. not a flax mill .. flax seals should have been deposited up Breaks Gill Lane at Breaks Lane Head around Breaks Fold farm .. but none have been found.

 

     From our experience of Hemp seals as found at Folly Gill Hemp Mill these were deposited close to the mill and which are now under many tens of feet of water .. and subsequently lost.      These photographs were taken in the late 1950's during demolition of the village 

 West End Mill ruins looking towards the East Gate House and Gate Inn (Top right of  photo)

   

West End Bridge with the Methodist Chapel and Low Mill looking up Breaks Head Gill Lane.

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Breaks Lane Head

   The only indication of weaving found at Breaks Lane Head were several small inch long lead loom weights which could very well have been used by the farmer's wife at Breaks Fold Farm for weaving wool .. or maybe flax.

 

 An interesting lead item found at Breaks Lane Head is considered to be the lid off a small jar or inkwell with the impression of a bustard. A species which became extinct in the UK in 1832 but has now been reintroduced.    Today Great Bustards can (and do) fly, and are the heaviest flying animal alive today.

Great Bustards can be found across Europe, as far south as Spain and as far north as the Russian steppes. Male Great Bustards grow about 30% larger than the females, reaching up to one metre tall and weighing up to 16kg.      The heaviest recorded Great Bustard weighed in at 21kg. The conservation status of the Great Bustard is listed as vulnerable, with populations in many countries being in decline. Thankfully the Great Bustard has been reintroduced and is now breeding on Salisbury Plain. 

                     More than can be said for the old mills which have gone forever.

 

 

A dog tag for "Bonny" of Breaks Fold Farm found when detecting.

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Thruscross, Scott Lane. Ratten Row and East Gate

     Presently the search for flax bale seal sites is continuing on the Thruscross side of the reservoir along Scott Lane, Ratten Row and East Gate .. with only one seal being found as yet up in Thruscross Hamlet... unfortunately this seal is identical to one already found at Little Patrick Mill and presumably was brought there by a villager who worked at Little Patrick.

#

OBVERSE click thumbnail

REVERSE click thumbnail

1810

L03

ЛД = LD

A.BAЛACKOBЬ

(A.VALASKOV)

H87

NP

HP12H

1810

87

post

1810

L23

ЛД = LD

A.BAЛACKOBЬ

(A.VALASKOV)

H87

NP

HP12H

1810

87

post

ThrusX

The lower seal is from Thruscross Hamlet .. see Little Patrick Mill Page

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    A brass coin weight of 1747 for checking the weight of Portuguese 8 Escudos gold coins was found near the old Gate Inn showing how international the flax trade was at the time with buyers using gold coinage from many European countries such as Portugal, France, Spain.

 

The ruins of Gate Inn

 

The weight has the maker I.KIRK.F.LONDON inscribed around the outside rim. (C.1747).

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     Another indicator of international trade was a small silver filigree brooch with a cabochon of

Delft Blue Porcelain  .. made in Holland c.1600 - 1800 .. found on a footpath at Thruscross.

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Pre Industrial Age at Thruscross Hamlet

An Annular Bronze Cape Brooch was found in a field near the hamlet showing the village was active during the Middle Ages ... long before the Industrial Revolution.

This was the 13th/16th century equivalent of a heavy duty safety pin.

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More old photos of West End Village from K. Murgatroyd

Mr Murgatroyd lived in this now demolished house on Scott Lane overlooking West End Mills

       The Dam Wall during construction          The Methodist Chapel and West End Mills

Before the flooding.                                   Holy Trinity Church

West End Hemp Mills in the early 1960's during demolition.

Low Mill Bridge during a drought when the reservoir was low

Low Mill Bridge with Low Mill and the Church before demolition

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Relative Activity at the Mills according to Seal Dates 1776 -1838

  76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38  
                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                         

Bentham Mills

       
                                                                                    Aked's High Mill                              
                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                   

 

                                           
                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                  Little Patrick Mill                                
                                                           

West House Mill

                                                       
                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                     
          Knaresborough                        Cumbria                                                                          
                                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                                               
  76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38  

  

                              www.breaksfoldfarm.co.uk                                                           www.washburnvalley.org

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The PeaceHavens Project

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Scattered seals found around Whistle House found by Sara Gaskell on 6th March 2017 are

thought to be from Little Patrick Mill acting on dates and inspector names.  See Little Patrick Mill