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Russian Hemp Bale Seals from

Malton and Norton Museum

   The town of Malton stands on the banks of the River Derwent and has been the historic centre of Ryedale since Roman times, when a 22 acre legionary fort, Derventio, at what is now Orchard Fields, was established in AD70. Facing Malton on the other side of the river is Norton which developed into busy towns and an inland port on the River Derwent .

 

Malton Museum

36 Yorkersgate,

Malton

YO17 7AB

Tel. 01653 691262

  These seals were found by the late Jim Halliday of Norton. We had not physical seen these seals and with the distortions and misunderstanding of Cyrilic at that time - the original identifications were suspect to say the least. However we now have access to photos of the Museum Collection and can give a more accurate identification, photo by photo.

 The images on this page are by Malton Museum CIO and licensed under a

 Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 2.0 UK: England & Wales License.

(21 seals found to date with 0 seals awaiting upload as of 25 April 2020) 

 Flax and Hemp Bale Seals  

     Inspectors and Posts

   for Malton and Norton

 

         Blue is Flax -- Green is Hemp

 

  Arekhov.D       1776  12

  Babanov.A       1787  70

  Chanov.A        1789 189

  Churakov        1781 257

  Gurov.A         1814  52

  Karalev.K       1776 280

  Lebedev.P       1796  61

  Livshev         1812  37

  Merkulov.M      1804  28

  Mesnikov.P      1813 118

  No 1            1748   1

  No 16           1753  16

  No 25           1758  25

  Pikin.M         1804  35

  Shchogolev.V    1794  64

  Tamilin         1786  22

  Tamilin.A       1793   7

  Ul'yanov.S      1814  10

  Vinnikov.I      1795  20

  ??????.?        1753  16

 

    Posts / Inspectors / #

   for Malton and Norton

 

 1  No 1         MM2006.17

 7  Tamilin.A    MM2006.19

 10 Ul'yanov.S   MM2006.15

 16 No 16        MM2006.1

 20 Vinnikov.I   MM2006.6

 22 Tamilin      MM2006.4

 25 No 25        MM2006.13

 28 Merkulov.M   MM2006.10

 32 Arekhov.D    MM2006.7

 35 Pikin.M      MM2006.9

 37 Livshev      MM2006.12

 52 Gurov.A      MM2006.18

 61 Lebedev.P    MM2006.20

 64 Shchogolev.V MM2006.21

 70 Babanov.A    MM2006.5

 118 Mesnikov.P  MM2006.11

 189 Chanov.A    MM2006.2

 257 Churakov    MM2006.14

 280 Karalev.K   MM2006.3

 

  Terms and Abbreviations

    (applicable only to this site)

 

  6H, 12H number of heads in a bale.

    (also 9, 12).

 

  Anchor base .. see below in the notes.

 

  AP, AЧ, СЧ, СGF, HIK, HM, HP, IM,

  ІМБ, ИЧ,  LIW, SB, ЯС

  are Owner or Agent initials

 

 

  Д= D= Desyatnik (Customs Officers)

 

  ДB = DV = DESYATNIK ВОЛОГДА

  = Inspector for the Vologda region.

 

  ДД = DD a variation of ПД (hemp)

 

  ДЛ= DL a variation of ЛД ( flax)

 

  H = N = number. H2 is number 2 post.

 

  NP means tax was paid on a flax bale

  to the Customs in Narva, (it does not

  mean it was shipped from Narva Port.

 

   ЛД = LD = L'nyanoy Dosmotr

   = Flax Inspector

 

  ПД = PD = Penkovy Dosmotr

   = Hemp Inspector

 

  ПS (PS) a grading for Picked Superior.

 

  RH .. Rein (Rhine) Hemp is the longest

 best hemp, oily, strong and free of

 Codilla and woody particles

   

  SPB dated before 1829 means tax was

  paid on a hemp bale to the Customs in

  St Petersburg. It does not mean it was

  shipped from St Petersburg.

  SPB dated after 1829 means tax was

  paid on a flax bale to the Customs in

  St Petersburg, again, it does not mean

  it was shipped from St Petersburg. 

 

  WK means Wilma Krown grade flax

 

  WU is similar to WK grade flax.

 

#

OBVERSE  click thumbnail

REVERSE click thumbnail

1
MM
2006.1

No 16

NP

SB12ПS

1753

16
post
picked select
(flax)

2
MM
2006.2

ПД = PD

А.ЧАНОВЬ
(A.CHANOV)
N189

SPB

HMRH

1789

N189

post
(rein hemp)

3
MM
2006.3

ДB = DV
К.КАРАЛЕВЪ
(K.KARALEV)

H280

NP

HIK12H

1776

280

post
(flax)

4
MM
2006.4

ДД= DD

ТАМИЛИНЪ
(TAMILIN)
H22

NP

IAC12K

1786

H2?

post
(krown flax)

5
MM
2006.5

ЛД =LD
А.БАБАНОВ
(A.BABANOV)
H70

NP
CFK12K
1787
anchor

70

post
(krown flax)

6
MM
2006.6

ЛД =LD
И.ВИННИКОВ
(I.VINNIKOV)
H:20

WK

ЯС12H

1795

20

post
(flax)

7
MM
2006.7

ДЛ= DL
Д.AРЕХОВЪ
(D.AREKHOV)
N32

NP

PK12K

1796

32

post
(flax)

8
MM
2006.8

ЛД =LD
П.ЛЕБЕДЕВ
(P.LEBEDEV)
H61

NP
IM12H

1796

61
post
(flax)

9
MM
2006.9

ЛД =LD
М.ПИКИНЪ
(M.PIKIN)
H35

NP

ИЧ12H

1804

35

post
(flax)

10
MM
2006.10

ЛД =LD
М.МЕРКУЛОВ
(M.MERKULOV)
H28

NP
СЧ12H
1804

28

post
(flax)

11
MM
2006.11

ЛД =LD
П.МЕСНИКОВ
(P.MESNIKOV)
H118

NP
СGF12H
1813

118

post
(flax)

12
MM
2006.12

ЛД =LD
М.ЛИВШЕВ
(M.LIVSHEV)
H37

NP
ІМБ6H
1812

37

post
(flax)

13
MM
2006.13

No 25

WU

*9*

1758

25

post
(flax)

14
MM
2006.14

ДД = DD

ЧУРАКОВЪ
(CHURAKOV)
H257

SPB

LIWRH

1781

257

post
(hemp)

15
MM
2006.15

ЛД =LD
С.УЛЬЯАНОВ
(S.UL'YANOV)
N10

NP
HP12H
1814

N10

post
(flax)

16
MM
2006.16

ЛД =LD
B
ЕГОЛЕВ
(V.SHCHEGOLEV)
N64

NP
AP12H
1794

Ho32

post
(flax)

17
MM
2006.17

No :1

NP
12
1748

1

post
(flax)

18
MM
2006.18

ЛД =LD
А.ГУРОВЪ
(A.GUROV)
H52

NP
A
Ч12H
1814

52

post
(flax)

19
MM
2006.19

ЛД =LD

A.ТАМИЛИНЪ
(A.TAMILIN)
H7

NP

CH12H

1793

H7

post
(flax)

20
MM
2006.2
0

ЛД =LD
П.ЛЕБЕДЕВ
(P.LEBEDEV)
H61

NP
IM12H

1796

61
post
(flax)

21
MM
2006.21

ЛД =LD
B:ШOГОЛЕВ
(V.SHCHOGOLEV)
H64

NP
AP
12H
1794

64

post
(flax)

#

OBVERSE  click thumbnail

REVERSE click thumbnail

NOTES:- MM 2006.5 seal has an anchor base under the date.

  Some seals have an unusual crescent shape under the date. It is really the flukes of a ship's anchor wherein the Christian Growers/Owners of the flax or hemp anchored  their faith in Jesus Christ. This can be seen on the crosses of the Russian Orthodox Church. It has nothing whatever to do with Islam.  The Grower, Owner, Agent of these seals (see initials) was a Christian, but not necessarily the Port Inspector.

      See Christian Symbols here.

    http://www.peacehavens.co.uk/BSSYMBOLS.htm

    http://www.peacehavens.co.uk/BSFISHKEY.htm

Cyrillic Alphabet
A=A, B=V, Б=B, C=S,

Ч=CH, Д=D, E=E, И=I, 

Ё=O, Э=EH, Ф=F, Г=G, 

H=N, K=K, Л=L, M=M,

O=O, Ө=F,Th. П=P, Р=R,

Ж=ZH, Ш=SH, Щ=SHCH, 

T=T, Ц=TS, У=U, Ю=YU,

Я= YA, ѣ=YE, Х= KH, З = Z,

Ы = Y, Ь Ъ=' ", Э = E, І =I,

 Ѣ = E, Ѳ= Th, Ѵ = I

MM 2006.13

is unique.

Most seals have

6H, 9H, 12H to

show the grading

of the flax but this

 has 2 flax flowers.

 

The PeaceHavens Project

  About PeaceHavens - This database is an ongoing project involving the daily finding and identification of Russian Lead Flax Bale Seals from the old disused 18th/19th century Flax Mills of the Industrial Revolution in the UK.    For many decades in the 18th & 19th centuries, Russia was by far the world's greatest exporter of these flax stems via Archangel, Konigsberg, Kronstadt, Libnau, Memel, Narva, Pernau, Revel, Riga, St Petersburg, Tilsit, Windau and Great Britain was Russia's major customer. Every bale of flax stems was fastened together with a lead seal by a quality control inspector. After retting the discarded stems of the flax with seals still attached were prized as fertilizer by local farmers and were spread onto the land mixed with night soil manure.

Website design and seal translations by Ged Dodd   Director of The PeaceHavens Project.

 

  Photos on this page may be copied within the guidelines shown here ...

<a rel="license" href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/2.0/uk/"><img alt="Creative Commons Licence" style="border-width:0" src="https://i.creativecommons.org/l/by-nc-nd/2.0/uk/88x31.png" /></a><br />The images on this page are by <a xmlns:cc="http://creativecommons.org/ns#" href="https://www.maltonmuseum.co.uk/collection/" property="cc:attributionName" rel="cc:attributionURL">Malton Museum CIO</a> and licensed under a <a rel="license" href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/2.0/uk/">Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 2.0 UK: England &amp; Wales License</a>.

The images on this page are by Malton Museum CIO and licensed under a

 Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 2.0 UK: England & Wales License.

Text Copyright 2020 x Ged Dodd aka PeaceHavens