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Russian Flax/Hemp Bale Seals from

Montrose, Angus, Scotland

 

MONTROSE has one of the few natural harbours on the east coast of Scotland. It is formed by the estuary of the river South Esk which is scoured twice daily by the surge of water from four square miles of tidal basin behind the town. There is little evidence for Montrose's trade until the later middle ages, but it had an aggressive merchant community, as in 1289 the magistrates of Banff complained that the Montrosians were invading the fair at Aberdeen. Montrose had its own fair from the 13th century; unlike weekly markets which served for an exchange of local produce, fairs could last several weeks and were centres of international trade. By the 14th century Aberdeen, Dundee, Andrews and Leith are known to have established regular commercial links with Copenhagen, Hamburg, Leubeck, Bremen, Rostock, Wismar, Greifswald and Stockholm, while Ny-Lodose (Gothenburg), Danzig, Elbing and Konigsberg had Scots communities before 1500. Montrose had contacts similar to those of the more prominent east coast ports.  In 1655, Montrose was sixth in the shipping league behind Leith, Glasgow, Kirkcaldy, Aberdeen and Dundee. With 12 vessels totalling 370 tons, she came close behind Aberdeen (9 vessels totalling 440 tons and Dundee (10 at 377 tons.) In 1689 from the Baltic came flax in 3 voyages from Konigsberg, flax and hemp in 2 from Riga. Several prominent merchant families had branches in the Baltic. The Rennys were wealthy flax importers and had members of the family in Riga sending undressed flax to Montrose, which was already noted for flax spinning by hand and as a yarn market for north-eastern Scotland. In 1662 Thomas and Andrew Renny joined the business and were successful; in 1709 it was Andrew who was chosen, as one oft he more prominent citizens of Riga, to hand over the keys of the city to Peter the Great when the Russians conquered Livonia from Swedes. Andrew was succeeded in business by a grandson, Patrick, who exported flax to Dundee and Montrose in the 1720s. The Ouchterlonies were also established in Riga. John Ouchterlony, a merchant there, retired to Montrose in 1736 and continued his interest in the flax trade. In the 18th century, traditional trading patterns held firm; the growth of the linen industry from the 1790s meant increasing flax imports mainly from Riga but also from St. Petersburg and Archangel.  In the later 18th century a wide variety of linen textiles.. sailcloth and finer clothing textiles (most of it of local manufacture), oak staves and spruce beer were brought from Memel and Konigsberg, while skippers of vessels bringing flax from Riga nearly always carried a mast or two and some small timber home. During the 18th century the town was a major smuggling centre. Many flax seals have been found in the Montrose district, the one here is of  BA.Ardamaski resident in StPB (St Petersburg) in 1848.

 

 

  Montrose Museum and District

 

#

OBVERSE  click thumbnail

REVERSE click thumbnail

Notes

ADM
01

--

no photo

ДECЯTCK
АЛЕКСАНДР РОГОВЪ
(ALEKSANDR ROGOV)

no photo

APX БP

KУДѣЛЯ

2"COPTЬ

Ф.P 1887

ARKH. BR

KUDYELYA

2nd SORT

F.R 1887

 Montrose Museum
1 ADMUS: M1987.23

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3

ADM
04

IDS
678

KOROLEFF
ИФK
STPB

Ho_2
_,_

1848

2nd grade
(flax)

Montrose
4 ADMUS:M1980.3639

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

6

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

7

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

8

ADM
09

IDS
673

ФEДOPA MAHУИЛ
BAHЮKOBA
(FEDORA MANUIL
VANYUKOVA)

No 2

1847

2nd grade

Montrose Museum
9 ADMUS: M1989.98

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

10

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

11

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

12

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

13

 JS
A05

--

no photo

APX. БPA
ДECЯTCK
BACИЛEИ БУЛЫЧEBЪ

(VASILEI BULYCHEV)

no photo

APX БP

KУДѣЛЯ

1"COPTЬ

Ф.P 1877

ARKH. BR

KUDYELYA

1st SORT

F.R 1877

 Montrose Museum
14 ADMUS: M1995.160

ADM
15

IDS

МАНУИЛ ТИМОФЕЯ
ВАНЮКОВА
(MANUIL TIMOFERYA
VANYUKOVA)

no photo

no info

no info

Montrose Museum
15 ADMUS: M1995.161

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

16

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

17

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

18

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

19

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 ADM
25

IDS
679

PROPRIETAIRE
*
(K)AHKOFF

No_2
_,_

1853

2nd grade
(flax)

Montrose
25 ADMUS: M1998.91

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

42

 

 

 

#

OBVERSE  click thumbnail

REVERSE click thumbnail

Notes

             

IDS
1002

  ЛД = LD

Я.KOЗЛOBЬ

(YA.KOZLOV)

H58

NP

CK12H

1801

58

post
(flax)

Alan Ruther

Usan, Montrose

Scotland

IDS

1241

ДeCЯTЬН

АЛЕКСЕИ ІАКОВЪ

(ALEKSEI YAKOV)

APX.БP

ЧЕСКА

3' COPTЪ

B.ЛЕD. 1843

ARKH.BR

CHESKA

3rd SORT (flax)

V.LED 1843

James Anthony
Barker
Montrose

             

IDS

1678

KOROLEFF

И.Ф.K

ST.P.B

Ho3
_,_

1855

3rd grade
1855
(flax)

Darryl French
North of Montrose
Scotland

IDS

1679

ЛД = LD

A.BOPOБЬEBЬ

(A.VOROB'EV)

N98

SPB
NP._2
I.H.
1838

98
post
(flax)

Darryl French
North of Montrose
Scotland

IDS
1851

APX. БPA
ДECЯT:
ИВАНЪ ШУЛЬГИН
(IVAN SHUL'GIN)

АРХАНГЕЛПОРТ
КУДѢЛ
2 СОРТЪ
ЯПВ  1880

Archangel Port
KUDEL (hemp)
2 SORT
Ya.P.V  1880

Darryl French
North Montrose

IDS
1768

+
Crossed Keys
2

blank

Riga
(2nd Grade flax)

Bob Paterson
Usan, Montrose
Scotland

IDS
1770

APX. БPA
ДECЯT:
НИКОЛАИ  ЖУКОВ
(NIKOLAI ZHUKOV)

APX.БР
КУДЕЛЪ
1.СОРТЪ
B.ЛED 1847

Archangel Brack
KUDEL
1 SORT (Hemp)  

V.LED  1847

Bob Paterson
Usan, Montrose
Scotland

             
             
             
             
             

IDS
1323

APX. ПОРТ (Arch. Port)
ДECЯT (Inspector)
BACИЛEИ ТЕМАКОВЪ

(VASILEI TEMAKOV)

APX БP
КРОНЪ
2 COPTЬ
M.K 1845

ARKH. BR
KRON (
crown)
2nd SORT(flax)
M.K. 1845

Gavin Barnett
Montrose
Scotland

IDS
1421

АРХ.БРА (Archangel Bracked)
ДECЯTH,
(inspector)
ПЕТРЪ ЖУКОВЪ
(PETR ZHUKOV)

APX. БP
ЗАБРАК
3 Но РУКИ
Ф.Р. 1881

Archangel Brack
Zabrack
3 No Ruki (Hemp)
F.R. 1881

Gavin Barnett
Montrose
Scotland

IDS

1517

ЛД = LD

C.ЗAИЦOBЬ

(S.ZAITSOV)
H19

NP
??9H
1803

19
post
(flax)

Gavin Barnett
Montrose
Scotland

IDS

1518

ЛД = LD

A.ПOEДABШ:

(A.POEDAVSHIN)

H33

NP

AK9H

1818

33

post
(flax)

Gavin Barnett
Montrose
Scotland

IDS

1519

APX БP

ДЕСЯТCK
ФЕДОРЪ / ????КИН
(FEDOR  ???KIN)

АРХ:ПOР

ПАКЛЯ / ЧЕСКА

3. СОРТЪ

Я.К 1889

Archangel Port
PAKLYA CHESKA
3rd SORT (flax)
Ya.K  1889

Gavin Barnett
Montrose
Scotland

IDS
1561

ДECЯTH (inspector)
ФЕД.БАХЛАНОВЪ
(FEDOR.BAKHLANOV)

APX. БP
ЗАБРАКЪ
ФР
1853

Archangel Bracked
ZABRACK
(Hemp)
F.R  1853

Gavin Barnett
Montrose
Scotland

IDS

1667

ЛД = LD

Я.CAHИHЬ

(Ya.SANIN)

H10

SPB

N.P_3
M.S.
1831

10

post
(flax)

Gavin Barnett
Montrose
Angus, Scotland

IDS
2039

APX.ПОР (Archangel Port)
ДЕСЯTH (Inspector)
НИКОЛАИ БУЛЬГИНЪ
(NIKOLAI BUL'GIN)

АРХАНГЕЛ
КРОНЪ
3.СОРТЪ
Я.П.В 1885

ARCHANGEL

CROWN (flax)

3rd SORT

Ya.P.V 1885

Gavin Barnett
Montrose
Angus, Scotland

IDS
2041

APX. БP (Archangel Bracked)
ДЕСЯTH (Inspector)
МИТРОФ ШАРЫПОВ
(MITROFAN SHARYPOV)

APX. БP
КРОНЪ
3.СОРТЪ
Ф.Р. 1885

ARCH. BR

CROWN (flax)

3rd SORT

F.R. 1885

Gavin Barnett
Montrose
Angus, Scotland

IDS
2047

APX. БP (Archangel Bracked)
ДЕСЯTH (Inspector)
МИТРОФ ШАРЫПОВ
(MITROFAN SHARYPOV)

APX. БP
КРОНЪ
3.СОРТЪ
Д.П. 1885

ARCH. BR

CROWN (flax)

3rd SORT

D.P. 1885

Gavin Barnett
Montrose
Angus, Scotland

IDS
2068

APX БPA (Archangel Bracked)

ДЕСЯТHИKЪ (by inspector)

ПАВЕЛЪ ШУЛѢГИН
(PAVEL SHULEGIN)

APX. БP

ЗАБРАКЪ
2 PУКИ (2nd Sort)
Ф.Р 1881

ARKH.BR
ZABRACK
(lowest grade hemp)
F.R. 1881

Gavin Barnett
Montrose
Angus, Scotland

IDS
2069

APX БPA (Archangel Bracked)

ДЕСЯТHЪ (by inspector)
МИТРОФАН ШАРЫПОВ
(MITROFAN SHARYPOV)

APX. БP
КРОНЪ
2 СОРТЪ
Ф.Р. 1886

ARKH.BR
KRON (CROWN)
2nd SORT (flax)
F.R. 1886

Gavin Barnett
Montrose
Angus, Scotland

IDS
2070

APX БPA (Archangel Bracked)

ДЕСЯТHИKЪ (by inspector)
НИКОЛАИ БУЛЬГИНЪ
(NIKOLAI BUL'GIN
)

АРХАНГ.ПОР
КРОНЪ
3СОРТЪ
ЯПВ 1885

ARCHANGEL PORT
KRON (Crown flax)
3rd SORT
Ya.P.V, 1885

Gavin Barnett
Montrose
Angus, Scotland

IDS
2071

APX БPA (Archangel Bracked)

ДЕСЯТHИ (by inspector)
ПЕТРЪ ЖУКОВЪ
PETR ZHUKOV

APX. БP

ЗАБРАКЪ
1 PУКИ (1st Sort)
Ф.Р 1889

ARKH.BR
ZABRACK
(lowest grade hemp)
F.R. 1889

Gavin Barnett
Montrose
Angus. Scotland

IDS
2072

ДЕСЯТHИKЪ (inspector)
ЕГОРЪ ТЕВЛЕВ
(EGOR TEVLEV)
APX БPA (Archangel Bracked)

APX. БP
КРОНЪ
3 СОРТЪ
Д.П. 1885

ARKH.BR
KRON (Crown flax)
3rd SORT
D.P 1885

Gavin Barnett
Montrose
Angus, Scotland

IDS
2073

APX БPA (Archangel Bracked)

ДЕСЯТЪ (by inspector)
МИТРОФАН ШАРЫПОВ
(MITROFAN SHARYPOV)

APX. БP
КРОНЪ
3 СОРТЪ
Ф.Р. 1885

ARKH.BR
KRON (Crown flax)
3rd SORT
F.R  1885

Gavin Barnett
Montrose
Angus, Scotland

IDS
2074

APX БPA (Archangel Bracked)
ДЕСЯТ (inspector)
ИВАНЪ АНИСИМОВ
(IVAN ANISIMOV)

APX. БP
КРОНЪ
3 СОРТЪ
Ф.Р 1885

ARKH.BR
KRON (Crown flax)
3rd SORT
F.R 1885

Gavin Barnett
Montrose
Angus

IDS
2075

APX БPA (Archangel Bracked)

ДЕСЯТНИКЪ (by inspector)
АЛЕКСАНДР НАУОЛЬНОИ
(ALEXANDR NAUGOL'NOI)

APX. БP

ЗАБРАКЪ
2C PУКИ (2nd Sort)
Д.П. 1886

ARKH.BR
ZABRACK
(lowest grade hemp)
D.P. 1886

Gavin Barnett
Montrose
Angus

IDS
2086

APX.БP (Archangel Bracked)

ДЕСЯТH (Inspector)

СЕРГЕИ СЕДЕЛЬНИКОВ
SERGEI SEDEL'NIKOV

APX. БP

ЗАБРАКЪ
1" PУКИ (1st Sort)

ЯПВ 1885

ARKH. BR

ZABRACK
(lowest grade hemp)

YaPV 1885

Gavin Barnett
Montrose
Angus

             
             
             
             

 

Vessel

Ship Arrivals and Departures for Montrose

Cargo

Eliza and Jessie

26-02-1831

Departed

Dundee

to

Montrose

Flax

Jasper

01-01-1890

Arrived

Montrose

from

Riga

Flax

Garry

04-01-1890

Arrived

Montrose

from

Dundee / Reval

Flax

Jasper

05-01-1892

Arrived

Dundee

from

Montrose / Riga

Flax

Sapphire

09-01-1893

Arrived

Montrose

from

Riga

Flax

Sapphire

11-01-1893

Departed

Montrose

to

Burntisland

Flax

Envoy

31-12-1893

Arrived

Montrose

from

Reval

Flax

 

The Lithouse, Montrose was erected towards the close of the 17th century on the Croft of Saint John, ground belonging to the Brethren of the Knight Templars of Jerusalem. It was occupied in its early days by the Burgh Lister and Inspector of the Linen Threads, in the making of which the town was at one time famous. The "too-fa" on the right was for many years used as the Collection House for the Petty Customs.

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Website design and photos by Ged Dodd   Director of The PeaceHavens Project. 

Thanks for your kind support .. Ged        ged.dodd@blueyonder.co.uk