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Copyright 2020 Ged Dodd

 aka PeaceHavens Project

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Russian Flax/Hemp Bale Seals from

   North East Fife Museum Service, Cupar - Scotland

  Although the museum houses one of the most extensive collections of Russian flax and hemp bale seals there is little to be seen of the flax industry here.  One survey suggested that as many as 30 mills were present along the course of the river, originally grinding cereals: from around 1800, flax spinning took over nearly one third of the mills. When the flax trade ran into difficult times, cereal grinding was reintroduced. The use of water power probably dates back to the 11th or 12th centuries, with water-powered corn mills being an integral part of the local economy. The River Eden provided water power to drive mills for grinding cereals to feed the local population and Cupar at one time had four mills in the vicinity of the town such as Tarvit Mills and Thomastoun.

The two principal mills were supplied from the same weir to the west of the town and some traces of the lade way that fed the mills can still be discerned. Until the 16th century it was among the richest royal burghs in Scotland, but declined in the 17th century, its trade handicapped by its distance from the sea.  In 1820, the upper mill nearest the weir was called the Spinning Mill and in 1840, it employed 33 people. In 1867, 100 people were employed, but about the time of the First World War it had died out. In 1887 Market-day was on a Tuesday; with a considerable trade in corn, malting, brewing, tanning, flax-spinning, and weaving.

#

OBVERSE  click thumbnail

REVERSE click thumbnail

Notes

CUP

01

no photo

АРХ.ПОР (Archangel Port)
ДЕСЯТН
ПЕТРЪ  ЖУКОВЪ

(PETR. ZHUKOV)

no photo

АРХ.БP
 ЧECKA

2-COPTЬ
В.ЛЕD 18
64

ARKH.BR

CHESKA

2 SORT (flax)

V.LED 1864

NE Fife
1 CUPMS:
1986.983

            2
            3
            4
            5

CUP
06

ЛД = LD

Д.ВОРОБЬЕВЪ

 (D.VOROB'EV)
H72

SPB
NP._2
I.P
1830

72

post
(flax)

NE.Fife
6 CUPMS:1998.6.6

            7
            8
            9
            10
            11
            12
            13
            14
            15
            16
            17

CUP

18

APX.ПOP:
ДЕСЯТНИКЪ
МАТВЕИ ВЕДЕНСКОИ

(MATVEI VEDENSKOI)

APX.БP
 ЧECKA
2:COPTЪ
B.ЛED  1853

Archangel Brak

CHESKA
2nd Sort
(flax)
V.LED
1853

NE Fife 

18 CUPMS:1999.52.1

 

 

 

 

 

 

19

 

 

 

 

 

 

20

 

 

 

 

 

 

21

 

 

 

 

 

 

22

 

 

 

 

 

 

23

CUP
24

 АРХАНГ. БР
ДЕСЯТСК
ФОМА ПОПОВ-ВЕДЕНСКИИ

(FOMA POPOV-VEDENSKII)

АРХАНГ.ПОР.
ЧЕСКА
2 СОРТЪ
Я.П.В. 1878

Archangel Port
CHESKA
2 SORT
(flax)
Ya.P.V. 1778

NE Fife
24 CUPMS:1999.52.7

 

 

 

 

 

 

25

CUP
26

 АРХ. БР
ДЕСЯТ
ПЕТРЪ МАРТЬЯ
(PETR MART'YA
NOVYOCHEV)

APX БP

ЧECKA

2:COPTЬ

Е.П  1877

Archangel Brack
CHESKA
2 SORT (flax)
E.P. 1877

NE Fife
26 CUPMS:1999.52.9

CUP
27

APX.ПOP
ДECЯTCK
BACИЛEИ БAБИKOBЬ

(VASILEI BABIKOV)

APX БP

ЧECKA

2:COPTЬ

M.K  1851

Archangel Brack

CHESKA
2nd Sort
(flax)

M.K 1851

NE Fife
27 CUPMS: 1999.52.10
IDS 703

 

 

 

 

 

 

28

 

 

 

 

 

 

29

 

 

 

 

 

 

30

CUP

31

АРХ.ПОР
ДЕСЯТ
ЯКОВЪ ДУПАЕВЪ
(YaKOV DUPAEV)

АРХ.БP
 ЧECKA

3-COPTЬ
В.ЛЕD 1859

ARKH.BR

CHESKA

3 SORT (flax)

V.LED 1859

NE Fife

31 CUPMS:1999.52.14

CUP
32

АП = AP  (Archangel Port)
ДЕСЯЦКC (Inspected by)
(TZ)

 APX
ПAK.БPAK
2 AP
Py
1837

Archangel
PAK.BRAK
2 AR
ruki
 (picked hemp) 1837

NE Fife
32 CUPMS:
1999.52.15

IDS 1537

CUP

33

А.П
ДЕСЯТ
КЗ
(KZ)

АП
ЛНЯН БРА
18 МП 35
3 ПАК Р

Archangel Port

LNYN BRA

18 M.P 35 (flax)

3rd PAK grade

NE Fife

33 CUPMS:1999.52.16

CUP
34

АП = AP (Archangel Port)
ДЕСЯЦК (Inspected by)
ГС (G.S)

 APX
ПAK.БPAK
2 ЕП P
1836

Archangel
PAK.BRAK
2 EP grade
 (hemp) 1836

NE Fife
34 CUPMS:
1999.52.17

IDS 1535

CUP

35

no photo

А.П
ДЕСЯТ
КЗ
(KZ)

no photo

АП
ЛНЯН БРАK
18 МП 35
? ПАК Р

Archangel Port

LNYN BRAK

18 M.P 38 (flax)

? PAK grade

NE Fife

35 CUPMS:1999.52.18

CUP
36

no photo

A П
ДETCK
??

A П
ЛHA:БPA

2 ЯC P 1825
ДEЛHAЯ

Archangel Port
LNA:BRA
2 YaC R 1825
DELNAYA

NE Fife

 36 CUPMS: 1999.52.19

JS A01
flax inspection

 

 

 

 

 

 

37

 

 

 

 

 

 

38

 

 

 

 

 

 

39

 

 

 

 

 

 

40

CUP
41

ЛД = LD

М.ФЕДОТОВЪ

 (M.FEDOTOV)
H41

С.П.Б
НоП.2
М.С.
1833

41

post
(flax)

NE.Fife
41 CUPMS:1999.52.24
IDS 1971

            42
            43
            44
            45

CUP
46

ЛД = LD

Г.ЗАМАРИНЪ

 (G.ZAMARIN)
H17

SPB
NP._2
W.H
1839

17

post
(flax)

NE.Fife
46 CUPMS:1999.52.29
IDS1965

            47
            48
            49
            50
            51
            52
            53

CUP
54

ЛД = LD

Е.ДЕМЯНОВЪ
(E.DEMYANOV)
H70

NP
IMБ12H
1818

70

post
(flax)

NE.Fife
54 CUPMS:1999.52.37

            55
            56
            57
            58
            59
            60
            61
            62
            63
            64
            65
            66

CUP
67

AB ДAMAЦKOИ
1847  CПБ 
ФEДOCEИ

HILLS &
II
WISHAW

NE Fife Museums
67 CUPMS: 1999.62.50

IDS 682

 

 

 

 

 

 

68

 

 

 

 

 

 

69

 

 

 

 

 

 

70

 

 

 

 

 

 

71

 

 

 

 

 

 

72

 

 

 

 

 

 

73

 

 

 

 

 

 

74

 

 

 

 

 

 

75

 

 

 

 

 

 

76

CUP
77

no photo

ДЕСЯТЬНИКЪ
ЕГОРЪ ТЕВЛЕВЪ
(EGOR TEVLEV)
АРХ.БP

no photo

АРХ:БP

ЧЕСКА

1. СОРТЪ

ФP 189?

Archangel Brack
CHESKA
1st SORT (flax)
F.R  189?

NE Fife

77 CUPMS:1999.53.10

CUP
78

А.П  (Archangel Port)
ДЕСЯCK (Inspector)
EA

А.П
ЛИНЯНБРАК
? JD P
183?

Archangel LYNYANBRAK
? JD R
183? (flax)  

NE Fife

78 CUPMS:1999.53.11

 

 

 

 

 

 

79

CUP
80

APX.БPA
ДECЯT
MИTPOФA ШAPЫ

(MITROFA SHARY)

APX ПOP

ЛEHЪ

ЗAБPAK

 Я.K. 1863

Archangel Port

LEN  ZABRACK

Ya.K 1863

 (zabrack flax)

 NE Fife
80 CUPMS:1999.53.13
IDS 701

 

 

 

 

 

 

81

 

 

 

 

 

 

82

CUP
83

no photo

ДЕСЯТЬНИКЪ
ЕГОРЪ ТЕВЛЕВЪ
(EGOR TEVLEV)
АРХ.БP

no photo

АРХ:БP
KRONЪ
4. СОРТЪ
Д.П 1886

Archangel Brack
CROWN
4th SORT (flax)
D.P  1886

NE Fife

83 CUPMS:1999.53.16

            84

CUP
85

ПИЛПД
  M.KAЛTУШK:H
(M.KALTUSHKIN)
Ho 2

CПБ
ЛЗIH
1831

No 2
post
(hemp)

NE Fife Museums
85 CUPMS:1999.53.18

IDS 674

            86
            87
            88
            89
            90
            91
            92
            93
            94
            95

CUP
96

ЛД = LD

А.ЧЕЛПАНОB

(A.CHELPANOV)

H54

NP

MM9H

1799

54

post
(flax)

N E Fife
96 CUPMS:1999.53.29
IDS 1527

            97
            98
            99
            100
            101
            102

CUP
103

KOROLEFF
ИФK
STPB

Ho_2
_,_

1848

2nd grade
(flax)

NE Fife
103 CUPMS:1999.53.36

IDS 677

CUP
104

ЯXOBOKAГO
Ligatured Initials
OKAГO
(YAKHOVOKAGO)

Ho 2.
_,_

1847

2nd
grade
(flax)

NE Fife Museums
104 CUPMS:1999.53.37

IDS 688

            105
            106
            107
            108
            109
            110
            111
            112
            113
            114
            115
            116
            117
            118
            119

CUP
120

no photo

АРХ.БPA (Archangel Bracked)
ДЕСЯТЪ
ДМИТРИ PОГОВЪ
(DMITRI ROGOV)

no photo

АРХ.БPA
KУДЁЛH
2 COPTЬ
В.ЛЕD 1862

ARKH.BRA

KUDEL'N

2 SORT (flax)

V.LED 1862

NE Fife

120 CUPMS:1999.54.11

CUP
121

no photo

АРХ.БPA
ДЕСЯТН

ЕГОРЪ ТЕВЛЕВЪ
(EGOR TEVLEV)

no photo

АРХ:БP

KRONЪ
 4. СОРТЪ
ФP
1863

Archangel Port
CROWN
4th SORT (flax)
F.R  1863

NE Fife

121 CUPMS:1999.54.12

CUP
122

no photo

ДЕСЯТЬНИКЪ
ЕГОРЪ ТЕВЛЕВЪ
(EGOR TEVLEV)
АРХ.БP

no photo

АРХ: ПOP

ЗAБPAK

ФP 1874

Archangel Port
ZABRACK (flax)
F.R  1874

NE Fife

122 CUPMS:1999.54.13

CUP
123

АРХ.ПОР
ДЕСЯТНИК
?АМАНЪ ЕРОФЕЕВЪ

(?AMAN EROFEEV)

АРХ.БP
KУДЁЛЬ

2-COPTЬ
В.ЛЕD 1859

ARKH.BR

KUDEL

2 SORT (flax)

V.LED 1859

123 CUPMS:1999.54.14

N.E.Fife

 

 

 

 

 

 

124

 

 

 

 

 

 

125

 

 

 

 

 

 

126

 

 

 

 

 

 

127

 

 

 

 

 

 

128

 

 

 

 

 

 

129

            130

CUP
131

ЛД = LD

Л.НЕМІЛОВЪ
(L.NEMILOV)
H24

SPB
NP._3
I.H
183?

24

post
(flax)

NE.Fife
131 CUPMS:1999.54.22

            132
            133
            134
            135
            136
            137
            138

 

 

 

 

 

 

139

 

 

 

 

 

 

140

            141

CUP
142

no photo

ПД
 МAРОЗОВЪ
(MAROZOV)
H26

no photo

SPB
P.F.A.H
1799

26
post
(clean hemp)

NE Fife Museums
142 CUPMS 1999.54.33

            143
            144
            145
            146
            147 

CUP
148

no photo

ЛД = LD

Г.НИКИФОРО
(G.NIKIFOROV)
H
71

NP
HP12H
(Lig)
1
79?

71

post
(flax)

NE.Fife
148 CUPMS:1999.55.39

            149
            150
            151
            152
            153
   

 

 

 

 

154

CUP
155

ЛД = LD

A:ДEДOBHИKO

(A.DEDOVNIKOV)

H79

NP

??12H
1822
anchor base

79

post
(flax)

NE Fife

171 CUPMS:1999.54.46

   

 

 

 

 

156

            157
            158
            159
            160
            161
            162
            163
            164
            165
            166
            167
            168
            169

 

 

 

 

 

 

170

CUP

171

no photo

APX.ПOP:
ДЕСЯТ
?P-AT- . ?O-

(?R-AT-. ?O?O)

no photo

АРХ.БP
ЗАБРАК
В.ЛЕD
1848

ARKH.BR

ZABRAK

V.LED

1848 (flax)

NE Fife

171 CUPMS:1999.55.2

CUP
172

no photo

ДЕСЕЯТ

АЛЕК.ЛOПОТОВСКОИ
(АLEK. LOPOTOVSKOI)

no photo

АРХ.БР

ОТБОРНЫ

2 СОРТЪ

B.ЛЕD 1838

ARKH.BR

OTBORNY

2 SORT (flax)

V.LED  1838

NE Fife

172 CUPMS:1999.55.3

CUP
173

no photo

ДЕСЯТЬНИКЪ
ЕГОРЪ ТЕВЛЕВЪ
(EGOR TEVLEV)
АРХ.БP

no photo

АРХ:БP

ПАКЛЯ / ЧЕСКА

2. СОРТЪ

Я.К 189?

Archangel Bracked
PAKLYA CHESKA
2nd SORT (flax)
Ya.K  189?

NE Fife

173 CUPMS:1999.55.4

 

 

 

 

 

 

174

            175
            176
            177
            178
            179
            180
            181
            182
            183
            184
            185
            186
            187
            188
            189
            190
            191
            192
            193
            194

 

 

 

 

 

 

195

CUP
196

ЛПC = LPS

П.БAЛOБAHOB

(P.BALOBANOV)
H3  (flax)

  ЛП = LP

Л.ПOГAHKИ

(L.POGANKIN)
H3  (flax)

NE Fife Museums

196 CUPMS: 1999.55.27
IDS 675

 

 

 

 

 

 

197

CUP

198

АРХ.БP
ДЕСЯТСК
ФЕДОРЪ / СО?О??

(FEDOR.SO?O??)

АРХ.БP
ЗАБРАК
В.ЛЕD
1847

ARKH.BR

ZABRAK

V.LED

1847 (flax)

NE Fife

198 CUPMS:1999.56.2

CUP
199

 

 

 

 

 

199

CUP
200

 

 

 

 

 

200

CUP
201

 

 

 

 

 

201

CUP
202

 

 

 

 

 

202

CUP
203

 

 

 

 

 

203

CUP
204

ПЛПД = PLPD

 H.CEЛИHЬ

 (N.SELIN)

H1

CПБ
ПШ2H
1832

1
post

(hemp)

NE Fife

204 CUPMS: 1999.56.8
IDS 695

CUP
216

 

 

 

 

 

216

CUP
217

 

 

 

 

 

217

CUP
218

 

 

 

 

 

218

CUP
219

 

 

 

 

 

219

CUP
220

ДЕСЯТЬНИКЪ
ЕГОРЪ ТЕВЛЕВЪ
(EGOR TEVLEV)
АРХ.БP

АРХ:ПOР

ПАКЛЯ / ЧЕСКА

2. СОРТЪ

Я.К 1894

Archangel Port
PAKLYA CHESKA
2nd SORT (flax)
Ya.K  1894

NE Fife

220 CUPMS:

1999.57.5

    CUP 220 / IDS1519 Archangel Bracked by inspector Egor Tevlev in Archangel Port as 2nd Sort PAKLYA CHESKA from owner YaK in 1889.  ПAKЛЯ = PAKLYA is Scutching Tow, the short broken fiber of flax, hemp, or jute used for yarn, twine, or stuffing, in this case flax.  ЧESKA = CHESKA is the lowest grade heckled flax / ПAKЛЯ ЧECKA is heckled CODILLA the broken flax from the first heckling.

            221
            222

CUP
223

no photo

ЛД = LD

Я.ЗAИЦOBЬ

(Ya.ZAITSOV)
H17

no photo

SPB

NP._1

?.?

183?

17

post
(flax)

N E Fife
236 CUPMS:
1999.216.2
IDS1529

            224
            225
            226
            227
            228
            229
            230
            231
            232
            233
            234
CUP
235
АРХ БРАК
ДЕСЯТНИК
СТЕПАНЪ ИВОНИНСКОИ
(STEPAN IVONINSKOI)
АРХ БР
КУДѢЛЯ
1 СОРТЪ
А.Р 1902
Аrchangel Brack
КUDELYA
1 SORT
А.R  1902

NE Fife

235 CUPMS:1999.216.1

CUP
236

ЛД = LD

Я.ЗAИЦOBЬ

(Ya.ZAITSOV)
H17

NP

AK12H

1806

17

post
(flax)

N E Fife
236 CUPMS:
1999.216.2
IDS1529

CUP
237
         

NE Fife

237 CUPMS:1999.216.3

            238
            239
            240
            241
CUP
242
         

NE Fife

242 CUPMS:1999.217.1

            243
            244
            245
            246

CUP
247

ЛД = LD
И.ВИННИКОВ
(I.VINNIKOV)
H20

NP

FW12H

1813

20

post
(flax)

N E Fife
247 CUPMS:2005.282
IDS1526

CUP
248
         

NE Fife

248 CUPMS:2005.282

            249
            250
            251
            252
            253
            254
            255
            256
            257
            258
            259
            260
CUP
261
no photo unreadable  no photo П П
1798
??
post

NE Fife

261 CUPMS:2007.93

             
             

 

Copyright 2020 Ged Dodd

 aka PeaceHavens Project

 Click here for the terms

 of free copy and share.