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PeaceHavens is normally for the identification of 18/19th century Russian Flax/Hemp Lead Bale Seals

 by Ged Dodd, Director of the Project, however he has been press-ganged into listing Post Office Seals.

Post Office Seal Identification

 For identification please send large photos of your seal, both sides, your name and where found to

jed.dodd@blueyonder.co.uk  or visit and join our group  The Lead Bag Seal Identifier

 

This site has two pages  (Page One)

Click here for Page Two - Photos of Post Office Seals found to date

 

-History of the Post Office

Charles I opened up his royal mail to the public in 1635

Oliver Cromwell establishing the General Post Office in 1657.

In the early 1700s, a letter could take weeks or months to reach its destination if it ever got there at all.  In 1784, John Palmer of Bath introduced the first horse drawn mail coach, which  also carried paying passengers.

Click here for an overview of  British Postal History .

  In the early days the parcels were chiefly packed in wicker hampers with heavy fastenings, but the weight and cost of these receptacles rendered it necessary to find something lighter. Many experiments were made, & at last a receptacle was adopted with a wicker body and a canvas top, which required no metal fastenings, as the canvas top was tied with string and sealed with wax. The use of wax seals by the Post Office prior to 1905 is confirmed by the following quote, "Even in the heating of the wax used in sealing the mail bags electricity is brought into use. The wax is placed in small copper pans which rest on electrical hot plates." His Majesty's Mails by Edward Bennet. The latest improvement on this is the substitution of a leaden seal for the old wax sealing.  Even this much lighter receptacle is considered too heavy & costly for the conveyance of ordinary parcels, & canvas sacks of extra durability are now being generally used for the conveyance of parcels across London & to and from provincial towns. Parcels of a fragile nature when sent by railway are still packed in wicker receptacles for security.  In 1911 the post office finally replaced wax seals used in smaller post office regions with lead ones for sealing letter and parcel sacks, although lead seals were probably used in the larger post offices since Charles I.  In 1916 they made the seals thinner reducing the amount of lead by 19% thus saving £1,770 per annum. The Post Office Controller of Stores supplied the lead to the seal manufacturers directly. These manufacturers were, Dunham White & Co Ltd., J.N.Lyons Ltd., The Lead Seal Manufacturing Co. and Walkens, Parker & Co. Ltd. (ref. The British Postal Museum & Archive)

A stylised version of the St Edward's Crown - probably post 1953

 

A Square Post Office Letter Sack Seal found on the Thames Foreshore by Christine Fernbank.

Types of Post Office Seals

Square

Round

Eagle/Dolphin/Griffin

Square Seals are more modern and are  usually about 16-19mm & 9-10 grams.

 Tubular, deeply crimped seal used by the General Post Office for sealing letter sacks.

Round Seals have G.P.O or Crown and a very rough cloth marked reverse.

Used by the General Post Office for sealing letter sacks. (16-19mm & 9-10 grams.)

 Round Seals with a Crown and an arrow and with a very rough cloth marked reverse are not Post office seals but are War Department seals for ammunition boxes and sacks.

 Eagle & Dolphin Round (1691-1708). A Post-Medieval Post Office lead sack seal from the reign of William III (1689-1702) and Anne (1702-14) of the House of Stuart. An Eagle displayed and Dolphin enbowed (two saltires in chief) in separate ovals that terminate in ornate scroll work above and to a much lesser extent below, three leaf design at the base, all in a rope border.  The arms are those of the joint post masters from 1691-1708, Sir Robert Cotton & Thomas Frankland.

                    (19-20mm & 9-10 grams.)          Reverse:- usually a Crown above G.POST, with a Tudor rose beneath.

 Dolphin & Griffin Round (1708-1715). A Post-Medieval Post Office lead sack seal from the reign of Anne (1702-1714) of the House of Stuart. Two oval shields: 1st bearing a dolphin enbowed, on a canton an open left hand; in chief two saltires: 2nd shield bearing a griffin passant; in chief blank (colour): scroll work above, quintefoil below, all in a line and rope circular border. The arms are those of the joint post masters from 1708-1715, Thomas Frankland & John Evelyn.

  (19-20mm & 9-10 grams.)  Reverse:-  a Crown above G. POST with a Tudor rose beneath.

 Foreign Postal Services with seals from Russian and other European Countries

 Russian Post

       Riga Bridge Post Office 1915

 Post Office Signs from Poland - Kaliska & Bobowo

    Peter the Great enacted reforms and in 1714 the first general post offices opened in Saint Petersburg and Moscow.

 “Regular post service” was established along the Moscow and Riga routes. In February 1714, the postal service started biweekly runs from St. Petersburg to Riga; in June it started runs from St. Petersburg to Moscow. The earliest known Russian postmark dates from July 1765; it is a single line reading "ST.PETERSBOVRG" (in Latin letters)

 

IDS
1207

ПЕЧАТЬ / C:ПБУГ П:АМTA

SEAL / ST PETERSBURG POST

blank

ПЕЧАТЬ  C:П(ETEP)БУГ П(OЧ)АМTA is the Seal of St Petersburg Postal Service

 

Pictures from Times Past

   When railways were in their infancy part of the journey

   of a  mail was sometimes performed by coach and part

   by train. At the point where the railway began the

   coach was placed on a truck,  coupled to the  train.

    Bullion in large quantities landed at Falmouth by the

    mail packets for despatch over land to London.  It was

    placed on wagons, which journeyed the whole distance

   to London at a walking pace whilst guarded by soldiers.

   

List of Towns and Countries found to date
  Town   Country   County number found by notes
           
 Baldock  England  Hertfordshire PO 025 Nasher

 Dolphin & Griffin 1708-1715

 Birmingham  England  West Midlands PO 007 Allsopp

 square

 Birmingham  England  West Midlands PO 008 Allsopp

 square

 Brechin  Scotland  Angus PO 064 Gavin Barnett

 square

 Castletown  Isle of Man  Castletown PO 020 Peeler

 square

 Chichester  England  West Sussex PO 045 SUSS-758286

 Eagle & Dolphin 1691-1708

 Crewkerne  England  Somerset PO 042 SOM-91C9A8

 Eagle & Dolphin 1691-1708

 Crewkerne  England  Somerset PO 043 SOM-921555

 Eagle & Dolphin 1691-1708

 Dundee  Scotland  Angus PO 048 Jim Solas

 square

 Edinburgh  Scotland  Lothian PO 049 Jim Solas

 square

 Elmbridge  England  Surrey PO 032 SUR-DCD5FS

 Eagle & Dolphin 1691-1708

 Elmbridge  England  Surrey PO 044 SUR-F47646

 Eagle & Dolphin 1691-1708

 Elmbridge  England  Surrey PO 038 SUR-865867

 Dolphin & Griffin 1708-1715

 Elmbridge  England  Surrey PO 039 SUR-C2001C

 Dolphin & Griffin 1708-1715

 Elmbridge  England  Surrey PO 040 SUR-DCD5F5

 Eagle & Dolphin 1691-1708

 Eky  England  Cambridgeshire PO 046 SF7333

 Eagle & Dolphin 1691-1708

 Enniskillen  Northern Ireland  County Fermanagh  PO 001

Les Graydon

 square

 Enniskillen  Northern Ireland  County Fermanagh  PO 002

Les Graydon

 square

 Kensington - South  England  Thames Foreshore  PO 012

Christine Fernbank

 square

 Liverpool  England  Cheshire PO 017 Paul Marshall  square
 New York  USA  New York PO 037 Grant in Scotland  square
 Oldbury  England  West Midlands PO021 Allsopp  square
 Rotherham  England  South Yorkshire PO 027 Goretex  square
 Salisbury  England  South Wiltshire PO 031 WILT-AFD0C4  Eagle & Dolphin 1691-1708
 Saxmundham  England  Surrey PO 009 Stephen Eves  square
 Southampton  England  Hampshire PO 003 Gary Smith

 square

 Southampton  England  Hampshire PO 004 Gary Smith

 square

 Stafford  England  Staffordshire PO 019 Allsopp

 square

 St Petersburg  Russia  St Petersburg IDS1207 Lead Seal of St Petersburg Postal Service
 St Edmundsbury  England  Suffolk PO 033 SF-915043

 Eagle & Dolphin 1691-1708

 St Marys  Scilly Isles  Scilly Isles PO 023 Red Steve

 diamond cut

 Test Valley  England  Hampshire PO 041 HAMP-878435

 Eagle & Dolphin 1691-1708

 Tunbridge Wells  England  Kent PO 010 Graham Clapham

 square

 Thames Foreshore  England  London PO 047 Thames Mudlark

 square

 unknown  England  Yorkshire PO 051 eBay

 square

 unknown  England  unknown PO 005 Tattooed Detectorist

 round

 unknown  England  unknown PO 006 Gary Smith

 square

 unknown  England  unknown PO 011 Adam & Lisa

 round - crown

 unknown  England  unknown PO 013 Davejessex

 round - crown

 unknown  England  unknown PO 014 Davejessex

 round - crown

 unknown  England  unknown PO 015 Davejessex

 round - crown

 unknown  England  unknown PO 016 Davejessex

 round - crown

 unknown  England  East Yorkshire PO 022 DonnyDave

 square

 unknown  England  Yorkshire PO 024 Angle/Ged

 Eagle & Dolphin 1691-1708

 unknown  England  Essex PO 026 Shaggy

 Eagle & Dolphin 1691-1708

 unknown  England  North Yorkshire PO 030 Ash

 Eagle & Dolphin 1691-1708

 unknown  England  Wiltshire PO 034 SimontheSearcher

 Eagle & Dolphin 1691-1708

 unknown  England  unknown PO 035 Adrian

 Eagle & Dolphin 1691-1708

 unknown  England  Sunderland PO 028 Julie

 Dolphin & Griffin 1708-1715

 unknown  England  Wiltshire PO 036 SimontheSearcher

 Dolphin & Griffin 1708-1715

 unknown  England  unknown (eBay) PO 050 Ged Dodd

 Dolphin & Griffin 1708-1715

 unknown  England  unknown PO 053 Stuart F. Elton

 Dolphin & Griffin 1708-1715

 unknown  England  unknown PO 054 Stuart F. Elton

 square 1876

 unknown  England  unknown PO 056 Stuart F. Elton

 square G.P.O ?

 unknown  England  unknown PO 057 Stuart F. Elton

 square

 unknown  England  unknown PO 058 Stuart F. Elton

 Eagle & Dolphin 1691-1708

 unknown  England  unknown PO 059 Stuart F. Elton

 Eagle & Dolphin 1691-1708

 unknown  England  unknown PO 060 Stuart F. Elton

 square

 unknown  England  unknown PO 061 Stuart F. Elton

 square

 unknown  England  unknown PO 062 Stuart F. Elton

 Eagle & Dolphin 1691-1708

 unknown  England  unknown PO 063 Stuart F. Elton

 Eagle & Dolphin 1691-1708

           
           

Round Crown Seals with WD Arrow used on Ammunition boxes and Sacks.

 unknown  England  unknown WD 01 Adam & Lisa

 round - crown   Arrow 1 T

 unknown  England  North Yorkshire WD 02 PhilD

 round - crown   Arrow 1 T

 unknown  England  North Hertfordshire WD 03 Nasher

 round - crown

 Wetherby  England  North Yorkshire WD 04 Bilox

 round - crown   T 1 Arrow

 unknown  England  unknown WD 05 Stuart F. Elton

 round - crown   Arrow 1 T

 unknown  England  unknown WD 06 Stuart F. Elton

 round - crown   Arrow 11 T

 unknown  England  Northampton WD 07 Paul Atwo

 round - crown   Arrow 2 T

 unknown  England  unknown WD 08 Kevin Lazio Pearce

 round - crown   Arrow 8 T

           
  Town   Country   County number found by notes

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

The arms are those of the joint post masters from 1691-1708,

 Sir Robert Cotton and Thomas Frankland.

Useful Links

Click here for an overview of  British Postal History

Click here for list of British Post Offices built 1900 - 1919 with photos

Wikipedia General Post Office details

Click here for Bag Seals Database

The Bag Seal Identifier

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

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Website design and photos by Ged Dodd
Director of The PeaceHavens Project.
and powered with free uploading from 

COPYRIGHT 2019 x  Ged Dodd aka PeaceHavens