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Russian Flax/Hemp Bale Seals

Riga Crossed Keys

  Riga obtains its flax chiefly from White Russia and Marienburg in Livonia.

 Riga crossed keys flax seals are dated from the early 18th to mid 19th century when the keys rings had round bow rings.

  Riga was first time mentioned in written sources in 1198 as a town at small river Riga (Ridzene) in the land of Livonian people (Finnish tribe). City rights were granted in 1201 by the bishop Albert, initiator of christening and conquest of Livonian and Baltic people. He introduced also an explanation of city name as derived from Latin "rigata" ("irrigated"). It should symbolize an irrigation of dry pagan souls by Christianity.   The first known picture of the city arms is from 1225 seal. It contains the main elements of arms: city gate with towers and two keys. The gate symbolizes city rights and keys symbolize St. Peter, first patron of Riga.   In the upper part there was also a bishop's sceptre. It was replaced with the cross of Teutonic Order, when Riga fell to this Order. 

1225 1368 1586

1707

 This element of the arms was most flexible: every new senior of the city replaced it with his own symbol: Swedish king's or Russian emperor's crown, and the communists' five-pointed red star.    The lion's head in the city gate was added after 1621, when most of Latvia fell to the Sweden. The Lion symbolized dependence to the Swedish Kingdom.

  Two supporting lions were added to the arms no later than in 16th century. Meaning citizens' power and bravery. The lions were derived from the Swedish national arms. Lions were substituted by halves of Russian eagle in the time of Russian empire (from 1710 to 1914).

1788 1904 1925 1988

In 1923 the lions were restored. In 1925 the new design of the arms was adopted. The arms were abolished in 1940, when Latvia was annexed by USSR. In 1968 efforts were taken to restore the arms with soviet-style adaptations. In 1988 the arms were restored similar to the arms of 1925, but with red five-pointed star.  In 1990 the design of 1925 was confirmed again.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -- - - - - - - - - - -

Russian Flax Bale Seals

Crossed Keys Types from Baltic Port Riga.

Flax seals from Riga bear the crossed keys of the city arms.

Some of these seals may also be St Petersburg .. see note (SPB)

Russian flax bale seals are the "bulla" type, a disc with a tunnel

 from side to side through which a string or wire is passed.

 

Crossed Keys

Post

No

Bentham

Mill

West House

Little

Patrick

Brompton

Folly

Knares

Kinghorn

Cumbria

Private Finders

Ident

 

Arms of Riga

 

 

no

post

Rb01
Rb02
Rb03
Rb04
Rb05

Rigaw01
Rigaw02
Rigaw03
Rigaw04
Rigaw05
Rigaw06
Rigaw07
Rigaw08
Rigaw09
Rigaw10
Rigaw11
Rigaw12
Rigaw13
Rigaw14
Rigaw15
Rigaw16
Rigaw17
Rigaw18
Rigaw19

RigaL01
RigaL02
RigaL03

BRkeys001

KeysF01
RigaKn01
RigaKn02
RigaKn03
RigaKn04
RigaKn05

 

RigaKH01
RigaKH02
RigaKH03
RigaKH04
RigaKH05

RigaAW01
RigaAW02

Liverpool
Estonia
Whitby
eBay Latvia
St Andrews
South Duffield
N.Yorks
Dundee
eBay
eBay
eBay
Colchester
eBay
eBay
eBay
Denmark
Dundee
Denmark

IDS11
IDS105
IDS186
IDS219
IDS234
IDS559
IDS560
IDS583
IDS614
IDS615
IDS616
IDS787
IDS813
IDS814
IDS815
IDS818
IDS875
IDS899

Museums and

other sites **

Ident

Museums and

other sites **

Ident

Museums and

other sites **

Ident

PAS - SUR - 8DA072
PAS - BERK- 279765
PAS - LEIC- A08606
PAS SWYOR - B9EDC4
PAS YORYM - EC5B75
PAS YORYM - 95DAB2
PAS YORYM - F5EA7C
UKDFD - 17533
UKDFD - 38104
UKDFD - 9415

IDS268
IDS272
IDS273
IDS274
IDS279
IDS560
IDS733
IDS250
IDS251
IDS252

6 KINCM:2000.102.20

Cr031

Bagseals.org
Bagseals.org
Bagseals.org
Bagseals.org
Bagseals.org
Bagseals.org
Bagseals.org
Bagseals.org
Bagseals.org
Bagseals.org

IDS256
IDS257
IDS258
IDS264
IDS265
IDS266
IDS358
IDS559
IDS626
IDS634

** Because we have not physically seen the seals from "Museums & Other Sites" we can not vouch for their 100% accuracy.

The soft lead  are easily distorted which makes the Cyrillic alphabet very difficult to read and mistakes are common.

 

 

Lead Flax Bale Seals from the Baltic City Port of Riga.

On occasions Riga inspected flax and hemp were shipped via Konigsberg.

 

 

The important parts of a key for us are the bow and the bit.

We are looking for a cross + between the bits and a grading number 1, 2 or 3 between the bows.

 


       Deciphering Riga Cross Keys Seals .. example

obverse

Crossed

Keys with

+

 The crossed keys are the Arms of the City of Riga, but

 also of other cities. To be a Riga seal there must be a +

 between the bits, at the top, and a number 1, 2 or 3

 between the bows at the bottom to indicate the grading.

 (A cross in the form of a X may indicate another city)

 reverse

 

blank

The reverse of a Riga seal is usually blank. We do have

a couple of examples of X types with a 4, (which could be 4 band quality hemp) and Pst which could suggest St. Petersburg for the X seals.

  The City Arms are used on their own for Driebandt (Threeband) flax in

  Memel and this could well be the case for Riga and other Baltic States ports.

 

  Notes:- variations are numerous.

  From the late 18th Century Riga had a method of grading flax for sale on the world  markets which, unfortunately, was committed to paper, and not put on the seals.

   Project member Sebastian Graham located reports in the Belfast Linen Trade Circular for 1863 which gave the grades of flax available from Riga to the UK for that time.    In order of quality and price, WFPHD (White Fine Picked,Yellow Threeband flax),  WFPK (White Fine Picked Crown flax), HFPK (Yellow Fine Picked Crown flax)  FPK (Fine Picked Crown flax), PK (Picked Crown flax whilst a bundle from the port of Koenigsberg was FWPCM (Fine White Picked Crown Marienburg flax). 

  The letter on the right of the group was called the base letter to which

  other letters were added at the front to further describe the flax.

  The code for Riga grades and types which was also used at some other ports is

RUSSIAN FLAXES RELATIVE VALUE ..  From Yarns & Fabrics by Fred Bradbury 1920

 #  

Market

Base Mark

Quality, Mark and Relative Value to the Base Mark

1

RIGA

K

PK

SPK

ZK

R

 

 

Crown

 Flaxes

Krown

base £

Picked

Krown

+£3

Superior

Picked Krown

+£7

Zinc Krown

+£10

 Rakitzer

+£13/10

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

HOFF

HD

PHD

FHD

SFHD

XHDX

XRX

 

Crown

 Flaxes

Hoff's

Threeband

base £

Picked Hoff's

Threeband

+£3

 Fine Hoff's

Threeband

+£6

Superior Fine Hoff's

Threeband

+£9

 Extra Hoff's

Threeband

+£12

Extra

Rakitzer

+£16

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3

PERNAU D LOD OD D HD R G

Crown

Flaxes

Driebandt Threeband

base £

  Livonia Ordinary Driebandt

minus £6

 Ordinary Driebandt

minus £3

 Driebandt Threeband

base £

 Hoff's

Threeband

+£4

 Rakitzer

+£8

Best

+£11

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  4 = FOURBAND superior to 3-band and exported to England from Libau & Memel.

  B = Badstuben, a type of THREEBAND (Drujaner & Coupland flax)

  BG = Badstuben Geschnitten, BADSTUBEN CUT (as above)

  CM = CROWN MARIENBURG.

  CPH = CZUKKEN PASS HEMP .. preferred types are from Russia and Poland

  D = Driebandt, THREEBAND. City Arms used alone for Threeband flax in Memel.

  DD = Drujaner Dreibandt, DRUJANER THREEBAND.

  DR = Druana (Drujaner) Rakitzer, HIGH QUALITY WHITE RUSSIAN.

  DRD = Drujaner Risten Dreibandt, DRUJANER BUNDLE THREEBAND.

  DW = Dreibandt Wrack, THREEBAND BRACK

  F = Fein, FINE

  FPHD = Fein Puik Hoff's Driebandt, FINE PICKED THREEBAND. (Portuguese)

  FPK = Fein Puik Kron, FINE PICKED CROWN.

  FPSD = Fein Puik Slansky Driebandt, FINE PICKED SLANITZ THREEBAND

  G = Geschnitten, CUT REJECTED CROWN.

  G = Grau, GREY.

  GRD = Geschnitten Risten Dreibandt, CUT BUNDLE THREEBAND.

  GW = Giligen Brack, LOW GRADE THREEBAND.

  H = Hell, Heel, LIGHT, YELLOW

  H = Heide, TOW when used as the base letter.

  HD = Hoffdreibandt, HOFF'S THREEBAND. (English)

  K = Kron, CROWN

  KRK = Kourland Rakitzer Kron, HIGH QUALITY COURLAND CROWN.

  LC = Lithuanian Czukken, LITHUANIAN CZUKKEN hemp.

  LD = Leiden Dreibandt, LIEDEN THREEBAND.

  LD = Lithuanian Dreibandt, LITHUANIAN THREEBAND.

  LD = Livonian Dreibandt, LINLANDISCHAN THREEBAND.

  LH = Livonian Hoffdreibandt, LIVONIAN THREEBAND HOFF

  LR = Lithuanian Rakitzer, HIGH QUALITY LITHUANIAN.

  LRK = Lithuanian Rakitzer Kron, HIGH QUALITY LITHUANIAN CROWN.

  M = Marienburg or Marienburg Clean, HIGH GRADE CROWN.

  MG = Marienburg Geschnitten, SECOND QUALITY MARIENBURG.

  MR = Marienburg Rakitzer = RH = Rein Hemp, RHINE HEMP

  MRC =  MC = MOHILOW RUSSIAN CZUKKEN hemp

  MRD = Marienburg Risten Dreibandt, MARIENBURG BUNDLE THREEBAND.

  NB = NOTABENE another name for Paternoster, PATERNOSTER.

  NP = Paternoster, PATERNOSTER also BADSTUBEN CUT (Sent to Portugal)

  O = OTБOPHЬII (OTBORNI) is SELECT grade

  OD = Ordinary Driebandt, THREEBAND.

  OH = OUTSHOT is short second sort hemp.

  P = Puik, PICKED.

   PD = Puik Driebandt, PICKED THREEBAND.

  PH = Puik Heide, PICKED TOW

  PH = PASS HEMP .. usually from Lithuania or Samogitia.

  PHD = Puik Hoff's Driebandt, PICKED THREEBAND. (French)

  PLD = Puik Livonian Dreibandt, PICKED LINLANDISCHAN THREEBAND.

  PSD = Puik Slansky Driebandt, PICKED SLANITZ THREEBAND

  PW = Puik Wrack, PICKED BRACK.

  R = Risten, BUNDLE.

  RC = MRC = MOHILOW RUSSIAN CZUKKEN hemp

  RG = Rakitzer Geschnitten, LOWEST GRADE CROWN CUT RAKITZER.

  RH = Rein Hemp, RHINE HEMP = MR = Marienburg Rakitzer

  S = Sanft, SWEET, SUPERIOR

  SD = Slansky Driebandt, SLANITZ THREEBAND.

  SH = Slansky Heide, SLANITZ TOW

  TR = Thiesenhausen Rakitzer, a type of HIGH QUALITY LITHUANIAN.

  W = Weiss, WHITE

  W = Wrack, BRACKED FLAX

  ZK = ZINC CROWN

 

Let's start with seals that are not Riga

DON'T BE FOOLED BY LEAD TRADING TOKENS

and OTHER CROSSED KEYS CITY ARMS SEALS

 

  This is a lead trading token not a Riga Flax seal --  On a Riga seal the key wards (the tangs) face in opposite directions, one clockwise and one anti-clockwise .. but in this token both wards face clockwise .. On Riga seals their is a cross + between the rings but here there is a crescent shaped symbols C on the token which are the bases of ship anchors .. a Christian symbol stating that their religion is anchored in Jesus Christ .. similarly there is a Christian fish or key symbol on the reverse .. the Cyrillic letters appear to be ПС (PS) and...  Riga flax seals are always blank on the reverse .. whichever city this is.. it is not Riga and it is not a seal.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

 

   Cross Keys at

 St Peter's Church

 Nottingham. UK

 

 

   A cloth seal from Leiden

 City in Holland. The keys

 are on a shield with no

 numbers.

 

 

 Regensburg

 City Arms

 Germany

 

 

  Leiden City Arms

 

 

  Vatican

City Arms

 

  Two Crossed Keys seals which, if not from the City of Leiden in the Netherlands, they have

the Tiara coats of arms of the Holy See and Vatican City State. Found at Oudenaarde

(Flanders) in Belgium. These seals do not  have the Riga cross + or the numbers 1,2 3 flax

 grades... they have a crown or Tiara coat of arms and the letters H A G.

 

This 1573 Silver Coin from Riga illustrates

what is needed for an item to be from Riga.

Crossed Keys with a cross + between the bits

 

 

 

The bows of 14th century were fancy with three loops but

when the bows of the crossed keys are circular it indicates

a seal dating from the the late 18th to early 19th century.

All flax seals have circular bows on the crossed keys but

unfortunately this seal has nothing to do with flax and is

probably a company seal of a foreign company especially

as it has RIGA written between the keys in Latin script

and is suggestive of a customs tax ..  This seal comes from

a French source and there is no photo for the reverse ..

 

 

  Found at Bentham Mills

#

OBVERSE  click thumbnail

REVERSE click thumbnail

Notes

R

b01

+
crossed keys
1

usually
blank

Riga

  +    x 

Crossed Keys with a + are Riga City.

 Keys with a X may be St Petersburg see IDS 186

 The reverse is usually blank but the letters PSt and

a 4 indicates FOURBAND flax which was superior to

 3-band - exported to England from Libau & Memel.

Below the keys is a number 1, 2, 3 indicating the quality

of the flax. 1 is 1st grade or sort .. the top quality.

Letters such as B for Bracked (inspected) or Badstuben,

 a type of THREEBAND (Drujaner & Coupland flax)

and TW (possibly customs tax paid) TAMOЖHЯ

occur on the obverse on very rare occasions.

 

click Riga City Arms Seal

R

b02

+

 crossed keys

2

usually

blank

Riga

R

b03

+

 crossed keys

1

usually

blank

Riga

R

b04

+

 crossed keys

1

usually

blank

Riga

R

b05

+

 crossed keys

1

usually

blank

Riga

           

 

  Found at West House Mills

#

OBVERSE  click thumbnail

REVERSE click thumbnail

Notes

Riga

w01

+

 crossed keys

1

usually

blank

Riga

 

DATING CROSS KEY SEALS

 

 Considering the largest number of Riga X seals have been found at West House Mills it would suggest they were most prevalent during the time of the dated seals at that mill ... which means ... in the latter 1790's & very early 1800's .. however ..Paul Cannon notes ..

A reference to what is probably a lead seal attached to hemp is to be  found in a document in the National Archives: from Robert Thornton, hemp merchant, of Mark Lane.

   Receipt of letter from the Portsmouth Officers complaining of the heat in the delivery of hemp. But Hemp or flax delivered in the summer season will always be very hot.

   The Prospero, Captain Adam Rigden, is delivering hemp which will doubtless be very hot. He has never known a Ropemaker complain of the quality of the hemp and his hemp meets his contract so he asks that the Ropemaker should check the quality and that his ships should be immediately unloaded.

  The hemp has been well cured otherwise it would not have passed the Baraak at Riga, which is proved by the mark on the roundels. The document is dated  7 July 1732. If the marked ‘roundels’ are indeed lead seals then this date is earlier than the dated seal so far recovered of 1737 for St Petersburg.

 Riga is specifically referred to and it is possible that they are plain crossed keys type.

 If so, then some of these may be earlier than has been assumed.

  Ged Dodd adds that ...

none of these Riga seals have an inscription stating whether they are hemp or flax .. but hemp seals carry the notation SPB, CПБ St Petersburg  (except 1 seal from Archangel)   but I believe this notation was used for all hemp bales regardless of the port of dispatch .. which may have been ..via St Petersburg, Riga, Port Narva, Reval, Pernau, Libnau, Memel or even Archangel.

Riga

w02

+

 crossed keys

1

usually

blank

Riga

Riga

w03

+

 crossed keys

1

usually

blank

Riga

Riga

w04

blank

Blank

 

Riga

Narva

Riga

w05

+

 crossed keys

1

usually

blank

Riga

Riga

w06

+

 crossed keys

1

usually

blank

Riga

Riga

w07

+

 crossed keys

1

usually

blank

Riga

Riga

w08

X

 crossed keys

1

usually

blank

Riga

(SPB)

Riga

w09

+

 crossed keys

2

usually

blank

Riga

Riga

w10

+

 crossed keys

1

usually

blank

Riga

Riga

w11

X

 crossed keys

2

usually

blank

Riga

(SPB)

Riga

w12

+

 crossed keys

1

usually

blank

Riga

Riga

w13

X

 crossed keys

1

usually

blank

Riga

(SPB)

Riga
w14

+

 crossed keys

1

usually
blank

Riga

Riga
w15

X
 crossed keys
1

usually blank

Riga

Riga
w16

+

 crossed keys

1

usually
blank

Riga

Riga
w17

+

 crossed keys
1

usually
blank

Riga

Riga
w18

+

 crossed keys
2

usually
blank

Riga

Riga
w19

+

 crossed keys
1

usually
blank

Riga

           
           
           

 

  Found at Aked High Mills  * found at Whinny Hill

#

OBVERSE  click thumbnail

REVERSE click thumbnail

Notes

Riga
AWX1

X

 crossed keys
1

usually
blank

Riga

*

Riga
AWX2

X

 crossed keys
2

usually
blank

Riga

*

     

 

  Found at Little Patrick Mills

#

OBVERSE  click thumbnail

REVERSE click thumbnail

Notes

Riga

L01

+

 crossed keys

1

usually

blank

Riga

 

Riga

L02

+

 crossed keys

1

usually

blank

Riga

Riga

L03

X

 crossed keys

1

usually

blank

Riga

(SPB)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  Found at Knaresborough

#

OBVERSE  click thumbnail

REVERSE click thumbnail

Notes

Riga

Kn01

+

 crossed keys

-

usually

blank

Riga

Riga

Kn02

+

 crossed keys

-

usually

blank

Riga

Riga

Kn03

+

 crossed keys

-

usually

blank

Riga

Riga

Kn04

+

 crossed keys

-

usually

blank

Riga

Riga

Kn05

+

 crossed keys

2

usually

blank

Riga

2nd

grade

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  Found at King Horn Mills in Fife

#

OBVERSE  click thumbnail

REVERSE click thumbnail

Notes

Riga

KH01

+

 crossed keys

2

blank

Riga

Riga

KH02

+

 crossed keys

2

blank

Riga

Riga

KH03

+

 crossed keys

2

blank

Riga

Riga

KH04

+

 crossed keys

1

blank

Riga

 

Riga

KH05

X

 crossed keys

2

blank

Riga  
             
             

 

  Found at Folly Gill Mills

#

OBVERSE  click thumbnail

REVERSE click thumbnail

Notes

Riga

L03

+

 crossed keys

3

scallops

Riga

 

 

  Found at Brompton Mills

#

OBVERSE  click thumbnail

REVERSE click thumbnail

Notes

BR
keys
001

+
crossed keys
2

blank

Riga
city

 

BR
keys
002

X
crossed keys
no grade number

blank

Riga
city

the left hand side of the keys is missing

BR
keys
003

X
crossed keys
1

blank

Riga
city

 
             

 

  Found at Arbroath

#

OBVERSE  click thumbnail

REVERSE click thumbnail

Notes

Arb

X01

+

 crossed keys

2

blank

Riga

 

Arb

X02

+

 crossed keys

2

blank

Riga  

Arb X03

X

crossed keys

1

no photo

blank

1 ADMUS:

A1988.287

Arb X04

no photo

РИЖ 1787 (Riga Arms)

no photo

blank

2 ADMUS:

A1988.288

Arb X05

no photo

+ / crossed keys / 1

no photo

blank

7 ADMUS:

A1988.294

 

Arb X06

no photo

+ / crossed keys / 3

no photo

blank

13  ADMUS:

A1988.301

 

Arb X07

no photo

+ / crossed keys / 2

no photo

blank

28  ADMUS:

A2000.87.3

 

Arb X08

no photo

+ / crossed keys / 1

no photo

blank

31  ADMUS:

A2003.53

Arb X09 

no photo

+ / crossed keys / 2

no photo

blank

39  ADMUS:

DBM.42179(a)

           
             
             
             
             

 

   Possible Riga Customs Tax Seals  (T = ТАМОЖЕНЯ = Customs Tax) 

#

OBVERSE  click thumbnail

REVERSE click thumbnail

Notes

IDS

105

+

Crossed Keys

T  W

blank

blank

Riga

Customs Tax Seal
T = ТАМОЖЕНЯ

 

 probably all flax seals

  IDS 105 Surju, Estonia

  IDS 219 Pernau, Latvia

  IDS 818 Aalborg, Denmark

  IDS 896 Svenstrup, Denmark

  IDS 1101 Aalborg, Denmark

 

IDS

219

+

Crossed Keys

T  W

blank

Riga

Customs Tax Seal
T = ТАМОЖЕНЯ

IDS
818

+
crossed keys
W T W
? Riga

Customs Tax Seal
T = ТАМОЖЕНЯ

IDS
896

+
crossed keys
W T W
? Riga

Customs Tax Seal
T = ТАМОЖЕНЯ

IDS
925

+
Crossed Keys
F

no photo

blank

Riga

IDS
1101

+
T crossed keys K
?

blank

Riga

Customs Tax Seal
T = ТАМОЖЕНЯ

(flax)

           
           

 

  Ident Service for Private Sources

#

OBVERSE  click thumbnail

REVERSE click thumbnail

Notes

IDS

011

+

crossed Keys

2 (grade)

blank

Riga

 

Flax inspectors and merchants

on the quayside in Riga, Latvia

 

 

 

 

 

St Saviour's Church, Riga, 1863

 

IDS

186

X

Crossed Keys

1

PSt

(Port St

Petersburg)

Riga

(SPB)

IDS

234

+

Crossed Keys

1

blank

 

Riga

IDS

425

+

Crossed Keys

?

blank

Riga

IDS

583

+
crossed keys
1

usually
blank

Riga

IDS
614

+

crossed keys
1

blank

Riga

IDS
615

X

crossed keys
2

blank

Riga
(SPB)

IDS
616

+

crossed keys
1

blank

Riga

IDS
787.1

+

crossed keys
2

no photo

blank

Riga

IDS
787.2

+

crossed keys
.

no photo

????

Not a Bulla

English

City Cloth seal

Cr
031

?
Crossed Keys
3

no photo

blank

Riga

IDS
813
+
crossed keys
2
blank eBay
IDS
814
+
crossed keys
1
blank eBay
IDS
815
+
crossed keys
?
blank eBay

IDS
818

+
crossed keys
W T W
G ? possibly a

Customs Tax Seal
T = ТАМОЖЕНЯ

IDS

875

+
crossed keys
3

blank

Riga

IDS
899

+
crossed keys
1
blank Riga

IDS
913

x
Crossed Keys
1

blank

 

Riga

IDS
926

X
Crossed Keys

3

blank

Riga

perhaps

St Petersburg

IDS
944

X
Crossed Keys

2

blank

Riga

perhaps

St Petersburg

 IDS
971

+
Crossed Keys
1

blank

 

Riga
(flax)

IDS
1004

X
Crossed Keys

1

blank

Riga

perhaps

St Petersburg

IDS
1018

+
crossed keys
1

no photo

blank

Riga
(flax)

IDS
1036

+
crossed keys
1

blank

Riga
(flax)

IDS
1076

X
crossed keys 
B
1

no photo

blank

Riga
(flax)

 B = Badstuben, a type of THREEBAND (Drujaner & Coupland flax) 1st sort

IDS
1087

+
crossed keys
2

blank

Riga
(flax)

IDS
1091

+
crossed keys
1

blank

Riga
(flax)

IDS
1095

X
crossed keys
2

no photo

blank

Riga
(flax)

IDS
1223

+
crossed keys
1

blank

Riga
(flax)

IDS
1233

X
crossed keys
1

blank

Riga
(flax)

IDS
1260

X
crossed keys
1

blank

Riga
(flax)

IDS

1310

+

Crossed Keys

1

no photo

blank

Riga

1st grade
(flax)

IDS

1320

R I G A

Crossed Keys

blank

Riga
probably

balsam

IDS

1334

+

Crossed Keys

2

blank

Riga

2nd grade
(flax)

           

 

  Ident Service for BagSeals.Org

#

OBVERSE  click thumbnail

REVERSE click thumbnail

Notes

IDS

256

+

Crossed Keys

1

blank

 

Riga

IDS

257

+

Crossed Keys

3

blank

 

Riga

IDS

258

+
Crossed Keys
1

blank

 

Riga

IDS

264

+

Crossed Keys

blank

 

Not a Bulla

English

City Cloth seal

IDS

265

+

Crossed Keys

2

blank

 

Riga

IDS

266

+

Crossed Keys

1

blank

 

Riga

IDS

559

x

Crossed Keys

1

blank

 

Riga

IDS
62
6

+
Crossed Keys
1

blank

 

Riga

IDS
634

+
Crossed Keys
1

blank

Riga
(1st grade flax)

IDS
1191

ф
crossed keys
no grading number

no photo

blank

Riga seals

have a +
(flax)

 IDS 1191 the jagged line motif may be a flowerless flax stem .. ф (F) may be a symbol for flax

IDS
1192

X
crossed keys
2

blank

Riga
(2nd grade flax)

           
           
           
           
           
           

  Ident Service for Portable Antiquities Scheme

#

OBVERSE click thumbnail

REVERSE click thumbnail

Notes

IDS

268

+

Crossed Keys

1

blank

 

Riga

PAS SUR

-8DA072

A crossed keys seal in the British

 Museum brought to our attention

 by Stuart F Elton. This is not a

bulla flax seal but a rivet type

 cloth bale seal.

IDS

272

+

Crossed Keys

1

blank

 

Riga
PAS BERK

-279765

IDS

273

+

Crossed Keys

1

blank

 

Riga

PAS leic

-a08606

IDS

274

+

Crossed Keys

2

blank

 

Riga

PAS SWYOR

- B9EDC4

IDS

279

+

Crossed Keys

1

blank

 

Riga

PAS YORYM

 - EC5B75

IDS

560

+

Crossed Keys

1

blank

 

Riga

PAS SWYOR

-95DSB2

IDS

733

+

Crossed Keys

1

blank

 

Riga

PAS SWYOR

-F5EA7C

IDS
1096

+
crossed keys
1

blank

Riga

PAS - North Wales
(flax)

IDS

1308

+

Crossed Keys

2

blank

Riga

PAS SUR-75FDE1

IDS

1320

R I G A

Crossed Keys

blank

Riga

IDS

1397

+

Crossed Keys

2

blank

Riga

2nd grade
(flax)

IDS

1399

X

Crossed Keys

1

blank

Riga

1st grade
(flax)

IDS

1400

+

Crossed Keys

2

blank

Riga

2nd grade
(flax)

IDS

1401

+

Crossed Keys

2

blank

Riga

2nd grade
(flax)

IDS

1402

+

Crossed Keys

1

blank

Riga

1st grade
(flax)

IDS

1404

+

Crossed Keys

1

blank

Riga

1st grade
(flax)

IDS

1405

+

Crossed Keys
2

blank

Riga
2nd grade
(flax)

IDS

1411

+

Crossed Keys
1

blank

Riga
1st grade
(flax)

IDS

1414

+

Crossed Keys
1

blank

Riga
1st grade
(flax)

           
           

 

  Ident Service for UK Detector Finds Database (UKDFD)

#

OBVERSE click thumbnail

REVERSE click thumbnail

Notes

IDS

250

+

Crossed Keys

-

blank

 

Riga

 (SPB)

UKDFD 17533

 

Riga Harbour in the 19th Century

IDS

251

x

Crossed Keys

2

blank

 

Riga

 (SPB) 

UKDFD 38104

IDS

252

+

Crossed Keys

-

blank

blank

Riga

 

UKDFD 9415

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  Cross Key Seals in John Sullivan's book

#

OBVERSE click thumbnail

REVERSE click thumbnail

Notes

JS01

1893

+ Crossed Keys

БE ПPABA

(BE PRAVA)

PИЖCKИИ ЧEPHЫИ БAЛЬЗAMЪ

RIGA BLACK BALSAM

(BE PRAVA = WAS CORRECT)

26 ADMUS: M1998.94

 ISBN 978 1 86217 465 4

JS02

x

Crossed Keys

?

4
4 band
pass hemp

Riga
(SPB) 

87 GGD 01

JS03

+

Crossed Keys

1

blank

blank

Riga
1 ADMUS: M1988.287

JS04

+

Crossed Keys

2

blank

blank

Riga

17 WE 08

JS05

+

Crossed Keys

3

blank

blank

Riga

10 PERMG: 2000.243.9

           

 

Riga Excise Duty Seals

    The German Connection at Riga

During many centuries of war and changes of power in the Baltic, and despite demographic changes, the Baltic Germans in Riga had maintained a dominant position. By 1867 Riga’s population was 42.9% German. Riga employed German as its official language of administration until the installation of Russian in 1891 as the official language in the Baltic provinces, as part of the policy of Russianification of the non-Russian speaking territories of the Russian Empire, which included Congress Poland, Finland and the Baltics, undertaken by Tsar Alexander III.

  More and more Latvians started moving to the city during the mid-19th century.

IDS

1286

ДРЕИМАНЪ
& БЛОКЪ
РИГА

DREYMANN
& BLOCK
RIGA

Latvia

IDS

1287

ДРЕИМАНЪ
& БЛОКЪ
РИГА

DREYMANN
& BLOCK
RIGA

Latvia

 

The Adolph Sellmer Company

 Adolph Sellmer resided at 11 Boulevard Nicolai in Riga - counter at number 5 of the Wallstrass (Adressbuch 1877 Riga) and was an import/export merchant who,  like many other merchants of Riga, was doing Trade with Western Europe.  It is thought he was a German Jew. 

IDS

1296

A.SELLMER
RIGA

1886

UK  

IDS

1297

A.SELLMER
RIGA

1887

Nigel Nicholson
UK Bagseals.org
 

IDS

1298

A.SELLMER
* RIGA

1903

Wim de Sutter
East Flanders
Belgium

 

 

JR & Company (Import Export)

 

IDS

1299

J R & Co
RIGA

1891

 Wim de Sutter
East Flanders
Belgium

 

IDS

1300

J R & Co
RIGA

1925

  Wim de Sutter
East Flanders
Belgium

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Rūtenberga Tobacco Factory

 

IDS
828

A.G.RUHTENBERG
RIGA

K.KUCHCZYNSKI Co.

RIGA

from eBay

 

IDS
1268

A.G.RUHTENBERG
RIGA

K.KUCHCZYNSKI Co.

RIGA

from eBay

 

IDS
1289

A.G.RUHTENBERG
RIGA

K.KUCHCZYNSKI Co.

RIGA

from eBay

 

   The Rūtenberga tobacco factory was founded in 1839, and was created by the firm "Koffsky & Kuchczynski", which owned 100% of the company's shares. Originally, the company was named Dibinātājfirmas but one of the founding members - Konstantin Kučinska, 1861, died in 1864, whereupon Kučinska R.Simons, AG Rūtenbergs and V.Feldts bought shares . In 1877 and 1880 AG Rūtenbergs bought out the other two companion's brands and in 1881 AG Rūtenberg's company name was changed from "K.Kuczynski & Ko." to the "AGRuhtenberg".  In 1905 the factory was inherited by Rūtenberg's three sons. Until 1890 the factory produced cigars, but in this year it also started to make cigarettes  and cigarette tobacco. In 1907 the factory had 2 gas engines, 7 tobacco cutting machines, 8 cigarette wrapping machine, 2 paper cutting machines.  At the beginning the factory had 700 workers. Rūtenberga cigarette factory can be described as women's business, because it employed 630 women.  The turnover in 1907 was 1,060,000 rubles, of which 516 thousand rubles was paid in Excise Duty to the government.

Click on a thumbnail to see some of Ruhtenberg's cigarette brands

 

For Riga Black Balsam Seals click here RIGA BLACK BALSAM

 

     More Russian State Arms Custom Seals for Riga

#

OBVERSE  click thumbnail

REVERSE click thumbnail    

IDS
700

blank

Riga (detail)
Customs Seal

PIЖAПOPTA

Riga Port
1787

Ю   T     (key)

Falkirk

1 FALKM: 1985.74.4

see
IDENT

BR
Cust
001

blank
Customs Seal

PIЖOПOPTA
Riga Port
1781
Ю    T
  see
Brompton

IDS
342

blank
Customs Seal

PI*ЖAПOPTA

Riga Port
1792
Ю    T

  see
IDENT

IDS
637

blank
Customs Seal

PIЖOПOPTA

Riga Port
17
82
Ю    T

Adam Daubney
Gainsborough
see
IDENT

IDS
1195

*РИЖОИ.ТА.ПЕН.Т
large oval
1808

Blank
Riga

large oval
(
ПЕН = Hemp)

    РИЖОИ = Riga

TAMOЖHЯ. = Customs

ПЕНKA = Hemp

TOBAP = Goods

IDS
1376

РИГСК.ТА.ОТ.ТО

182(9)

shield in centre

two pellets

usually blank

Riga

Kenneth Olsen
Vestfold
Norway

РИГСК (Riga) TAMOЖHЯ (Customs) OTPACЛЬ (Department) TOBAP (Goods)

RR18

М.Ж.Д  (M.Zh.D)
MOSKOW RAIL ROAD
РИГА (RIGA)

16 // IV
16th APRIL

eBay

Latvia

RR19

М.Ж.Д  (M.Zh.D)
MOSKOW RAIL ROAD
РИГА (RIGA)

18 // IV
18th APRIL

eBay

Latvia

             

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

19th Century Riga State Arms Custom Seals

In Russian   РИЖСК  = Riga   TAMOЖHЯ = Customs Tax

 Latvian MUITINE  Таможенные органы  The CUSTOMS AUTHORITIES

 

TAMOЖHЯ = Customs Tax

РИЖСК  = RIGA . 1894

 

20th Century Riga State Arms Custom Seals

In Latvian   RIGAS MUITA is Riga Customs Tax Authority

Our Project Member Jacek Staniszewski suggests these small seals

were used  for packages of postal documents, because those used for

Rye/Flax/Hemp/Flour/Railway and by Merchants are usually twice the size.

 

 

More Riga City Custom Tax Seals (РИЖСК)

More Riga City Custom Tax Seals (РИЖСК)

 

History of Riga Warehouse District

 Riga in 1612 - http://www.spikeri.lv/en/spikeri-2/history/

    The Riga Warehouse district between present Maskavas, Turgeņeva and Krasta Street, until the liquidation of Riga fortress (from 1857 to 1863), was located outside the ramparts of the fortress and was known as Lastadija – which in German means cargo loading and unloading place. The first time Lastadija was mentioned in historical materials was in 1348 when boatmen, raftsmen, merchants, and peasants that had run away from their serf-owners lived in Lastadija and built here their huts. It was in the swampy lowlands, along the main road that led to the East, the first barns, warehouses and pubs began to appear. The first legal building in Lastadija was constructed only after 1582, when the building wood-only houses was allowed at sufficient distance from the city walls and ramparts. These rules were valid until the liquidation of the fortress. Mills, barns, warehouses, workshops, residential buildings, merchant's` farms, pubs, schools and churches have been built here. Exports of goods from the East to the West through Riga have played a significant role in making the city rich. Exports of such goods as grain, hemp, flax, mast trees and fat – dominated, but in the 18th century leaf tobacco, timber, sailcloth and other goods gained importance as exports. Demand for spars, barrel staves, the flax and hemp necessary for ship rigging was promoted by the growth of ocean navigation as a result of the major geographical discoveries, as well as by direct sea wars between maritime nations. The principles of good sorting and weighing were strict in Riga and they gave high incomes to the city. City scales have been set in the market places in Riga since the middle Ages; scales having to be used compulsory for the weighing of goods for export. The New scales placed in Lastadija became a special place, because it was not possible to re-weigh all goods using the Old scales in the Town Hall Square. In the 18th century, in Maskavas Street in the Red Sheds quarter the Hemp scales were located, and at the end of Kārļa Street the General Goods scales were located.  On the Riga map in 1803, along the bank of the river warehouses are shown: potash, tobacco, wool, lime, hemp sheds, as well as other sheds for storage of different materials which were used  for about a century.

Riga City in 1650

 

  

 

 Riga waterfront in 1861

 

 

 

 

Riga 1899 Riga 1902 Riga 1902 Riga 1903 Riga 1903 Riga Station Riga 1905 Riga

Riga

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Director of The PeaceHavens Project.
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