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Russian Flax/Hemp Bale Seals

 Novogorod in Russia

 

   NOVGOROD Long-stemmed flax has been one of the main agricultural preoccupations in northwest, north-central, and central Russia in the regions of Novgorod, Pskove, St. Petersburg, Viatka, Vologda, Yaroslavl, Moscow, and Smolensk for centuries. More particularly, it is the Novgorod and Pskove regions that make up the core of Russia’s flax belt. Novgorod supplied the Hansa with flax, furs, and other goods through the collection of tax from its tributaries. The charters documenting Novgorod’s trade with the Rus principalities of Tver and Suzdal (in Northeastern Russia, 13th to 15th centuries) also attest to Novgorod’s supply of flax to other Rus lands. The picture is an early Novgorod market.

     Flax cultivation was widespread, with flax grown on nearly every peasant allotment in the Dereva and Vot piatinas. To the west, the Republic of Pskov also developed its flax culture.  For the years 1495–1505, flax was a major agricultural pursuit for much of the Novgorod lands. Records for two of Novgorod’s five piatinas (administrative provinces) show that in Dereva piatina, flax cultivation was widespread in 52 of 61 pogosti (rural fiscal and administrative districts) and rare in only 2 of the remaining 9 pogosti . In the Vot piatina, flax was widespread in 46 of 58 pogosti and rare in only 5 of the remaining 12. Riga became a centre for trade, intermediate between the Hanseatic towns and those of Novgorod, Pskov and Polotsk in Belarus via the Dvina river.

 

Here is an article about the Medieval Flax Trade in Novgorod ..click on a thumbnail.

 

       

 

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Copyright 2022 © Ged Dodd

 aka PeaceHavens Project

 Click here for the terms
of free copy & share &
supporting your Project