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 Westhouse - Seals from Archangel

LINKS TO WEST HOUSE COLLECTION

 

 

The purpose of this page. Archangel flax was much prized for its quality but the problem was with it being so far north was it tended to be frozen shut during the winter, so Bentham got fewer bales from here than from the Baltic ports. Basically, seals had,  on the obverse -  ДECЯT (inspector) and his name or initials in Cyrillic, and on the reverse -    A.П. (A.P for Archangel Port, ЛHЯHБPAK which means bracked as Linen Goods, a grading number of 1,2 or 3, the Grower/Owner or Agent initials, followed by a P (R) for grade and the date of bracking, inspection.
 

ARC

25

A. П.

ДECЯTC

CK

A.П. (Archangel Port)
ЛHЯHБPAK

3 BD P 1822

This is an example - There are many variations, with a larger type of seal specifying what was in the bale ..  CHESKA (Cheska), a low grade heckled flax, or KУДeЛЬH (Kudel'n), coarse broken  parts of the flax from Heckling and Scutching processes, or ПAKЛЯ (Paklya, Codilla broken fibres used for Tow yarns.) There are other grades which were not found at Bentham. KROWN (high grade long fibre), OTBORNI (selected) and others like ЗAБPAKЪ (ZABRAK) the lowest quality hemp.

 

Archangel was Russia's first northern seaport and between 1668 and 1684 a large fortified trading centre, the Gostiny Dvor, was constructed on its riverbank. The winter weather gave a very short time slot for trading as the port iced over and many ships were lost or abandoned to the crushing ice.   The founding of St Petersburg in 1702 in the warmer waters of the Baltic, along with the ports Konigsberg, Kronstadt, Libnau, Memel, Narva, Pernau, Reval, Riga, Tilsit, Windau and others pushed Arkhangelsk out of the limelight. Archangel used flax from Kama, Kostrogna, Tot'ma, Ustyug, Vologda, Vyatka, Yaroslavl where it was usually dew-retted in the fields. Archangel had a reputation for honest bracking whereas the Baltic Ports standards were not as good and were abandoned in the late 1840's. The English merchants still preferred to buy Archangel flax whenever possible and continued up to 1900.

 

 

Flax Bale Seals from Archangel

found at Bentham Mill were made of a pewter alloy

 

   DESATSKIE in the Russian Empire were elected officials from peasants to perform police and various other public functions, to observed the purity in the villages, for the purity of water in the river, for the adoption of fire-fighting measures, for the order during the bidding, bazaars, for the sale of good-quality products, for the production of trade and they reported to the police about the garbage, children, the crazy, the dead bodies found, the appearance of thieves, bandits and any emergency incident.

  At Archangel the Д (D) DESYATNIK was a Quality Control Officer selected by ten  brackers themselves who worked under his (or her) direct supervision to carry out the inspection and certify on their behalf the bundle of flax or hemp to which the seal was fastened. Variations found on seals are ДЕС, ДЕСЯCK, ДЕСЯТ, ДЕСЯТC, ДЕСЯТCK, ДЕСЯТH, ДЕСЯТHИKЪ, ДЕСЯТЬHИKЪ.

  The Ц in the abbreviations ДeСЯЦK, ДЕСЯЦKO and ДЕСЯЦKOИ in the ARC seals indicate a higher ranking Tsolnery or Customs Officer.

#

OBVERSE click thumbnail

REVERSE click thumbnail

A

w01

A. П

B???HБ

БИHOBЪ

(VINOV)

A.П

(Archangel Port)

ЛHAБP

2 BD P 1810

 A P

LNYAN:BRAK

2 BD R

1810  (flax)

A

w02

A (*) П

(Archangel Port)

 ДECЯTCK

ЯCP     18??

ЛЬHЯHБPAK

3 JD P

L'NYAN:BRAK

3 JD

(flax)

A

w03

A.П

ДECЯHK

Л:K

ЛЬHЯHБPAK

3 BD 1832

ПAKЛЯ

L'NYANBRAK

3 BD 1832

PAKLYA
(flax)

   Aw03.. this is ПAKЛЯ grade (Paklya, Codilla or Scutching Tow are the broken fibres from the scutching and heckling process and are used for Tow yarns.)

A

w04

??

?EPЪ

BAЛIHЪ

(VALIN)

ЛБHЯH:БPAK

2 ЯC P

181?

LNYAN:BRAK

2 YaS R

181? (flax)

A

w05

Д
ПETPЪ / ВАТАЛIН

(PETR VATALIN)

ЛHЯHOE

БPAKOBЩ

3 JD P

1809

ЛHЯHOE
BRAKOVSH
IK

 3 JD R

1809 (flax)

   Aw05   ЛHЯHOE БPAKOBЩ, (LNYANOE BRAKOVSH) Flax passed inspection

A

w06

faint

letters

faint

letters

 

A

w07

Д
ПETPЪ / ВАТАЛIН

(PETR VATALIN)

ЛHЯHOE

БPAKOBШИK

3 JD P

1809

LNYANOE

BRAKOVSHIK

3 JD R

1809  (flax)

  Aw07   ЛHЯHOE БPAKOBЩИK (LNYANOE BRAKOVSHIK) Flax passed inspection

A

w08

faint

letters

faint

letters

 

A

w09

A. П.

(Archangel Port)

ДeСЯЦK

F?

A. П.

ЛHЯHБPAK

3 MD P

18??

A P

LNYAN:BRAK

3 MD R

18?? (flax)

A

w10

A. П.

(Archangel Port)

ДEСЯTCK

CA

A. П.

ЛЬHЯH.БP

3 J? P

18??

A P

LNYAN:BRAK

3 J? R

18?? (flax)

A

w11

A.П

 ДECЯHK

??

ЛHЯH:БPAK

LNYANBRAK

(flax)

A

w12

???

???

ЛЬHЯHPAK

2 JD P

1810

???

LNYANBRAK

2 JD R

1810 (flax)

A

w13

ДЕСЯ.

ИЛA.TPO

ИЦKiИ

(ILA.TROITSKY)

APX БP

KPONЬ

1"COPTЬ

EП 1838

ARKH. BR

Crown

1st SORT

EP 1838(flax)

A

w14

?BAHЬ ?AKOBЬ

(IVAN JAKOV)

????

J

J

A

w15

A. П.

(Archangel Port)

ДECЯmC

MK

A. П.

ЛHЯHБPAK

3 BD P

1831

A P

LNYAN:BRAK

3 BD R

1831 (flax)

A

w16

A. П.

ДECЯmC

?A

?P?

ЛЬHЯHБPAK

3 JD P

1809

A.P

LNYAN:BRAK

3 JD R

1809 (flax)

A

w17

A. П.

(Archangel Port)

ДEСЯTCK
??

A. П.

ЛЬHЯH.БP

3 J? P

18?6

A P

LNYAN:BRAK

3 J? R

18?6 (flax)

A

w18

 

moved to

No1 1809 w05

 

 

 

A

w19

Д
ПETPЪ / ВАТАЛIН

(PETR VATALIN)

ЛHЯHOE

БPAKOBШИK

2 JD P

1809

LNYANOE

BRAKOVSHIK

2 JD R

1809  (flax)

A

w20

????

APX.ПOP

ЛЬHЯH:БPAK

3 JD P

1810

ARCH:PORT
LNYAN:BRAK
3 JD R
1810   (flax)

A

w21

A. П.

(Archangel Port)

ДECЯTCK

??

APX.ПOP

ЛЬHЯH:БPAK

3 JD P

1810

ARCH:PORT
LNYAN:BRA
K
3 JD R
1810   (flax)

A

w22

A (*) П

 ДECЯTCK

?CL

APX.ПOP

ЛЬHЯHБPAK

2 JD P

1810

ARCH:PORT
LNYAN:BRAK

2 JD R
1810   (flax)

A

w23

??

A. П.

ЛHЯHБPAK

3 ЯC P

1822

 A  P
LNYAN:BRAK
3 YaS R
1822   (flax)

A

w24

A. П.

(Archangel Port)

ДECЯmC

MK

A. П.

ЛHЯHБPAK

3 BD P

1831

 A  P
LNYAN:BRAK
3 BD R
1831  (flax)

A
w25

Д
ПETPЪ / ВАТАЛIН

(PETR VATALIN)

ЛHЯHO E-- БPAKOBШИK

3 JD P  (flax)

     1809

Aw25
English

(Д= D =Inspector)

 PETER  LGALIN

Linen passed inspection

3 JD R 1809  3rd grade

A

w26

A-П

ДECЯЦK

??

A:П.

ЛЬHЯH

2 PD P

1814

A P

LNYAN

2 PD R

1814    (flax)

A
w27

A. П.

ДECЯTCK

??

A:П

ЛЬHЯH БPAK

3 JD P

1809

A:P

LNYAN:BRAK

3 JD R

1809 (flax)

A
w28

ДЕСЯТ

ИЛЯА СО/БОЛЕВ
(ILYA SOBOLEV)

APX.БP
 КУДЕЛЬH
1:COPTЪ
 
A P  1842

Archangel Brak

KUDEL'N
1st Sort (flax)
A P 1842

A
w29

APX. БP

ДЕСЯТH

МАТ.ПЛОТНИКОВ
MAT(VEUKO).PLOTNIKOV

APX.БP
 КУДЕЛЬH
1:COPTЪ
 M K  1842

Archangel Brak

KUDEL'N
1st Sort
(flax)
M K 1842

A
w30

ДЕСЯ:K

ОСНЪИП ЗВЯГИН
(OSN'IP ZVYAGIN)

???

???

A

w31

APX. БP

ДЕСЯТH

KOCTEP

ГИHЪ

APX. БP

KУДEЛЬH

1.COPTЪ

B Л D 1841

ARKH.BR
KUDEL'N
1st Sort (flax)
V.L.D
1841

A
w32

Д
ПETPЪ / ВАТАЛIН

(PETR VATALIN)  

ЛHЯHO E-- БPAKOBШИK

2 JD P  (flax)

     1809

Aw32

Д= D =Inspector  PETER  VATALIN

Flax passed inspection 2 JD R 1809  2nd grade

A

w33

A. П.

(Archangel Port)

ДeСЯЦK

(intitials)

A. П.

ЛHЯHБPAK

3 ??  P

1802

A P

LNYAN:BRAK

3 ?? R

1802 (flax)

 

 

     

Flax Bale Seals from Number 1 Post in Archangel

No 1 post is the only post number on Archangel seals. It could suggest that Archangel is the No 1 post however we have many standard Baltic seals and many paired inspector seals at No 1 post.

#

OBVERSE click thumbnail

REVERSE click thumbnail

No1
1806
w01

No.1.(post) Д (Inspector)

XPACИMЪ TPAПEЗHИKOBЪ

(KHRASIM TRAPEZNIKOV)

APXAH / ГEЛ : ПOP
ЛHЯ.2.PУ
1806  Б.И.Ж

 Archangel Port
LNYA.2.RU
1806  B.I.ZH

  No1 1806w01   No.1.  D (inspector) Khrasim Trapeznikov

  LNYA.2.RU = 2 pyka (ruka = 2nd hand sorted, hand picked(flax)

 

No1
1809
w0
1

No.1.(post) Д (Inspector)

XPACИMЪ TPAПEЗHИKOBЪ

(KHRASIM TRAPEZNIKOV)

 ЛЬНЯНОЕ

БPAKOBЩIK
3
JD P / 1809

LNYANOE (flax)

passed inspection
3
JD R / 1809

   No1 1809w01  No.1.  D (inspector) Khrasim Trapeznikov 

   3 R third grade (flax)  БPAKOBЩIK passed inspection

 

No1
1809
w0
2

No.1.(post) Д (Inspector)

XPACИMЪ TPAПEЗHИKOBЪ

(KHRASIM TRAPEZNIKOV)

 ЛЬНЯНОЕ

БPAKOBЩIK
3
JD P / 1809

LNYANOE (flax)

passed inspection
3
JD R / 1809

   No1 1809w02  No.1.  D (inspector) Khrasim Trapeznikov

   3 R third grade (flax)  БPAKOBЩIK passed inspection

 

No1
1809
w0
3

No.1.(post) Д (Inspector)

XPACИMЪ TPAПEЗHИKOBЪ

(KHRASIM TRAPEZNIKOV)

 ЛЬНЯНОЕ

БPAKOBЩIK
2
JD P / 1809

LNYANOE (flax)

passed inspection
2
JD R / 1809

   No1 1809w03 No.1.  D (inspector) Khrasim Trapeznikov

   2 R second grade (flax)  БPAKOBЩIK passed inspection

   

No1
1809
w0
4

No.1.(post) Д (Inspector)

БОРИС ГЕСИПОВ
(BORIS GESIPOV)

 ЛЬНЯНОЕ

БPAKOBЩIK
3
JD P / 1809

LNYANOE (flax)

passed inspection
3
JD R / 1809

   No1 1809w04  No.1.  D (inspector) Boris Gesipov

  3 R third grade (flax)  БPAKOBЩIK passed inspection

 

No1
1809
w0
5

No.1.(post) Д (Inspector)
XPACИMЪTPAПEЗHИKOBЪ
(KHRASIM TRAPEZNIKOV)

 ЛЬНЯНОЕ

БPAKOBЩIK
2
JD P / 1809

LNYANOE (flax)

passed inspection
2 JD R / 1809

   No1 1809w05  No.1.  D (inspector) Boris Gesipov

    2 R second grade (flax)  БPAKOBЩIK passed inspection

 

No1
1809
w0
6

No.1.(post) Д (Inspector)
XPACИMЪTPAПEЗHИKOBЪ
(KHRASIM TRAPEZNIKOV)

ЛЬНЯНОЕ

 БPAKOBЩIK
3
JD P / 1809

LNYANOE (flax)

passed inspection
3 JD R / 1809

   No1 1809w06  No.1.  D (inspector) Khrasim Trapeznikov

   3 R third grade (flax)  БPAKOBЩIK passed inspection

 

No1
1810
w0
1

No.1.(post) Д (Inspector)
XPACИMЪTPAПEЗHИKOBЪ
(KHRASIM TRAPEZNIKOV)

A. П
ЛЬНЯН:БPAK
3 JD P / 1810

A P = Archangel Port
LNYAN:BRAK (flax)
3
JD R / 1810

  No1 1810w01  No.1.  D (inspector) Khrasim Trapeznikov

  3 R third grade /  LNYAN:BRAK  inspected flax

 

No1
1810
w02

No.1.(post) Д (Inspector)
XPACИMЪTPAПEЗHИKOBЪ
(KHRASIM TRAPEZNIKOV)

A. П
ЛЬНЯН:БPAK
2 JD P / 1810

A P = Archangel Port
LNYAN:BRAK (flax)
2 JD R / 1810

  No1 1810w02  No.1.  D (inspector) Khrasim Trapeznikov 

  2 R second grade /  LNYAN:BRAK  inspected flax

 

No1

1810

w03

No.1.(post) Д (Inspector)

XPACИMЪ TPAПEЗHИKOBЪ
(KHRASIM TRAPEZNIKOV)

A. П
ЛЬНЯН:БPAK
3
JD P / 1810

A P = Archangel Port
LNYAN:BRAK (flax)
3
JD R / 1810

    No1 1810w03  No.1.  D (inspector) Khrasim Trapeznikov  / 3 R third grade /  LNYAN:BRAK  inspected flax

 

No1

1810

w04

No.1.(post) Д (Inspector)

ИВАНЪ ІАКОВЪ

(IVAN JAKOV)

A. П
ЛЬНЯН:БPAK
2 JD P / 1810

A P = Archangel Port
LNYAN:BRAK (flax)
2 JD R / 1810

     No1 1810w04  No.1.  D (inspector) Ivan Jakov

    2 R second grade /  LNYAN:BRAK  inspected flax

 

No1

1813

w01

No.1.(post) Д (Inspector)

XPACИMЪ TPAПEЗHИKOBЪ
(KHRASIM TRAPEZNIKOV)

APXAH / ГEЛ : ПOP
ЛHЯ.2.PУ
1813  Б.J.O.C

 Archangel Port
LNYA.2.RU
1806  B.I.
O.S

   No1 1813w01   No.1.  D (inspector) Khrasim Trapeznikov

   LNYA.2.RU = 2 pyka (ruka = 2nd hand sorted, hand picked(flax)

 
Other known No1 post Archangel Seals

IDS
1333

No.1.(post) Д (Inspector)

XPACИMЪ TPAПEЗHИKOBЪ
(KHRASIM TRAPEZNIKOV)

 ЛЬНЯНОЕ

 БPAKOBЩIK
1
JD P / 1809

LNYANOE (flax)

passed inspection
1 JD R / 1809

   Found by Craig Betts in Beverley

 

IDS
1857

No.1.(post) Д (Inspector)

БОРИС ГЕСИПОВ
(BORIS GESIPOV)

 ЛЬНЯНОЕ

 БPAKOBЩIK
2
JD P / 1809

LNYANOE (flax)

passed inspection
2
JD R / 1809

  Found by Darryl French at Stonehaven in Aberdeenshire

 

 

 

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