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Paired Inspector Seals




H2  (flax)




H2  (flax)

 These inspectors worked in pairs when grading the quality of the flax or hemp. It was said they were paired by drawing lots. More likely to be experienced manager with an apprentice. Paired seals do not have dates or ports of inspection but probably after 1829.



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Identifying Archangel Seals





 APX ПOP (Archangel Port)

 ДECЯTCK (Inspector)




 APX ПOP (Archangel Port)

 KУДѣЛЯ (Kudelya)

 2"COPTЪ (2nd Sort)

 Я. K. are initials of the Agent

 1867 is the year of inspection

   Kudelya (Tow) is the coarse broken part of flax after heckling


ПAKЛЯ (Paklya) is Scutching Tow. Broken fibres.

ЧESKA (Cheska) a low grade  heckled flax.

KPON (Crown) is high quality long filament flax.

КУДЕЛЯЪ (Kudelya) Hemp

КУДЕЛЬHЪ (Kudel'n) Flax

ЗAБP, ЗAБPAKЪ (ZABRACK) lowest quality hemp 


 page 23


Circular Dated Seals

*C.П.Б.TA.OTP.TOB. is from St Petersburg

C.П.Б (St Petersburg), TAMOЖHЯ (Customs),

OTPACЛЬ (Department) TOBAP (Goods)

The reverse is always blank.

If the base of the numbers face the centre it is read clockwise

starting with a 1 that is followed by a 7 or an 8... 1815. If the

 top of the numbers face the centre it is read in two parts. 18_29


City Tax Seals

These seals have a either side of an eye (1803), bell (1804),  A (1805),

Б (1806), B (1807), Г (1808),

 Д (1809), E (1810).

Letters around the rim are the city name


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   In the Spring of 2013 Ged Dodd, aka PeaceHavens, was searching a friend's land a mile away from Bentham Flax Mill when he found an unexpected lead seal ... an 1826 Russian lead flax bale seal .. another half an hour's search turned up 27 more ..  The seals were written in the Cyrillic alphabet ..  and because Ged had a holiday farm in Bulgaria and could read Cyrillic he started to make a database of the seals from Bentham which now has 1410 entries and then from other mills in the north of England and Scotland giving us over 6800 identifications, and this has enabled him to rewrite the rules on Russian lead flax bale seals of the 18th/19th century found in the UK.      We  receive several seal pictures every day from detectorists, FLO's & Museums making us by far the leading authority on Russian Lead Flax/Hemp Bale Seals in the world with many new, unknown and unique seals on the database.

Thanks must be given to farmers who have welcomed us onto their land. You can update at